Scientists in Italy are investigating the appearance of pink glacial ice in the Alps, which they suspect is caused by algae compounding the effects of climate change.
Observers noticed the unusual hue at in the Presena glacier in the far northern Italian region of Sondrio.
Biagio di Mauro, a scientist at Italy’s National Research Council, said the colour is likely caused by Ancylonema nordenskioeldii, a type of algae commonly found in Greenland’s so-called Dark Zone, where the ice is also melting.
“The algae is not dangerous,” di Mauro said. “It’s a natural phenomenon that occurs during the spring and summer periods in the middle latitudes, but also at the Poles.”
Ice normally reflects more than 80 percent of the sun’s radiation back into the atmosphere, but as algae appears, it can darken the ice so that it absorbs the heat and melts more quickly.
The more rapidly the ice melts, the more algae appears, adding red hues to the white ice.
Algae at very low temperatures would normally die, but if the ice gets even very slightly warmer it can lead to a thin layer of water that allows it to survive and propagate, thus accelerating the melting.
“These algae need water. So of course, if your temperatures rise and there’s more melting on the glaciers, more water available, they will thrive,” said Harry Zekollari, a glaciologist at Delft University of Technology in The Netherlands.
“With more sun absorbed, you will have more melt more water and potentially more algae. And with this, you can have in fact a positive feedback loop which can lead to a lot of loss of these glaciers, which are already in a dangerous state.”
In this case, the pink hue appeared at Passo Gavia at an altitude of 2,618 metres.
“Here we’re trying to quantify the effect of other phenomena, besides the human one, on the overheating of the Earth,” di Mauro said.
“There are more natural phenomena, such as algae, but we can also link melting with the presence of humans at these altitudes, with the ski lifts and hiking.”
Hydro Tasmania’s consulting business pushed ahead with work on a northern Ugandan hydropower project despite acknowledging ongoing community concerns, reports of legal proceedings and corruption, technical issues, and poor workmanship, according to documents.
Hydro Tasmania’s consulting business, Entura, won the Karuma dam contract in 2017
Entura’s project screening process acknowledged ongoing issues but rated the project medium risk
The Greens say Entura should not be working on projects with reported community, legal and environmental issues
A worker also later died on-site in a shooting incident, according to a local police report.
Emails, briefing reports and screening summaries released to the Tasmanian Greens show Entura initially deemed the project “high risk”, but downgraded that to “medium” after a screening process, while acknowledging ongoing concerns with local community relations and environmental management.
Entura was contracted by PowerChina Huadong to provide advisory services for the Karuma hydropower project in March 2017.
Entura was effectively a sub-contractor on the project, managing a range of project stakeholders, undertaking design reviews and advising on compliance with international standards.
“The obvious red flag is that Hydro Tasmania identified levels of community protest and outrage, they identified human rights issues, and they identified impacts on communities,” Dr Woodruff said.
One of the documents is an email discussing a potential site visit for two staff to the Karuma project in October 2016.
Eighteen Entura staff worked on the project for an average of 18 days each, between March 2017 and September 2019.
Five of those people worked at the construction site in Uganda, which was manned by security and defence force soldiers.
Risk downgraded after mitigation assessment
Entura conducted a sustainability screening process in November 2016, which initially rated the environmental and social risk of the project as “high”.
That means it included activities with “potential significant, diverse, irreversible and/or unprecedented adverse social and environmental risks and impacts” and/or “may, or has, raised significant concerns among potentially affected communities and individuals”.
It noted numerous reports of technical and governance issues, widely reported issues with construction, community concerns about lack of consultation and poor compensation, and reports of numerous legal proceedings.
As part of that project screening, Entura produced a “summary against sustainability code” document, which was a spreadsheet listing the risks, how they could be mitigated and what the residual risk would then be.
The document shows Entura downgraded the residual risk of the overall project after mitigation measures to “medium”.
A summary of the human rights issues, impact on communities and level of community outrage has been redacted but those elements are labelled “high risk”, even after mitigation.
Regarding how the community issues could be mitigated, the document states that Entura’s confined role in the project offers “limited scope to reduce community risk”.
The summary proposes the “high” risk of numerous technical issues could be downgraded to “medium” by ensuring “all designs reviewed by Entura were fit for purpose and met appropriate standards”.
After a site visit, comments were that onsite safety appeared to be adequate and the overall quality of the project was expected to be fit for purpose.
Before signing the contract with PowerChina, Entura also completed a sustainability screening of Uganda as a new market, rating it as “medium risk” and acknowledging the country had a poor record of human rights management.
“That sends a pretty strong signal to companies like PowerChina that regardless of what they do in countries, Entura is going to help them anyway.”
In a statement, an Entura spokesman said it screened all projects prior to signing agreements, and evaluated them against Hydro Tasmania’s sustainability code, which included social, environmental, economic and reputational criteria.
“Since November 2016, Entura has used additional criteria in its sustainability screening process,” the statement said.
Working relationship with PowerChina influenced decision to proceed
In an internal briefing report, Entura said it made the decision to proceed with the project for reasons including that the project was already in its third year of construction and that any social issues associated with resettlement had already occurred.
It said a site visit indicated no obvious safety concerns.
Entura also listed the importance of its relationship with PowerChina as a reason for proceeding with consulting on the project.
In a statement, an Entura spokesman said the business had proceeded with the work in order to share the benefits of clean renewable energy with the developing world.
“We determined that while Entura’s involvement on the Karuma project was minor, within the limitations of our role, we had a positive influence on the project’s overall design, safety and sustainability,” the statement said.
Dr Woodruff said there was no justification for a public Tasmanian business to be involved in the Karuma project.
“But fundamentally, if it’s a dam that’s based on human rights abuses, legal fights with communities where land has been taken from them, and environmental issues, this is not something that Tasmanian people want their public money put towards.”
Entura unaware of 2018 shooting death
The documents released to the Greens include a police report into an incident in June 2018, where one worker died as a result of shots fired during a scuffle between workers and soldiers.
In an internal briefing report from December 2018, Entura said the fatal incident occurred after its second-last visit to the site, and on the final visit in September 2018 there was no mention of the incident.
The report states that Entura was unaware of the shooting incident until Dr Woodruff raised the issue.
Entura had been informed about the death of another worker due to a hippopotamus attack outside the compound.
A spokesman said the business had also been made aware of a worker who took their own life.
There are some media reports of other deaths on site at the Karuma project, but these are not referenced in any of the information released by Entura.
The ABC has contacted PowerChina Huadong for comment.
Hydro Tasmania ‘obstructing our efforts’: Greens
The Greens sought access to correspondence regarding the Karuma hydropower project through Tasmania’s Right to Information Act (RTI) process in December 2018.
After some back and forth, Hydro Tasmania provided the partially redacted documents to Dr Woodruff in March 2019.
However, it later became apparent that the RTI response had not been issued by a delegated officer as required, and the Greens were therefore unable to progress their request for an Ombudsman’s review.
“Having a public entity obstructing the release of information in clear defiance of statutory deadlines is totally unacceptable.”
The Entura spokesman said Hydro Tasmania and Entura did not agree with Dr Woodruff’s characterisation, and had corrected the delegation error recently.
“[The operation has] also provided a process that actually speeds up the subsequent external review requested by Dr Woodruff,” he said.
But that is not going to be happening, according to event boss Craig Tiley, who is continuing to plan for 6 unique situations ranging from a worst-circumstance broadcast-only party, to as shut to company as standard as achievable with demanding biosecurity measures in area.
“Nothing has adjusted for us in conditions of our organizing,” Tiley advised AAP.
“The environment about us has altered, and will proceed to change, as we have observed with the latest spike in Victoria.
“So I’m self-assured we will operate the Australian Open up in Melbourne and other events all around Australia in January and we’re performing closely with all our authorities on the restrictions about mass gatherings, physical distancing and greater cleanliness that are becoming set in put.”
Melbourne Park the only choice in Australia
The fact is, Melbourne Park and its 2km precinct — housing not only condition-of-the-artwork tennis facilities but also a myriad of bars and entertainment hubs — is the only spot in Australia equipped to phase a grand slam event.
A full of 33 courts are applied in the course of the event, like a few with retractable roofs, with an supplemental 18 obtainable at nearby venues.
Entire world tennis’s biggest names and their entourages love a 4-storey player pod with fitness centers, professional medical and therapy rooms, ice baths, heat-up facilities, modify rooms, a natural beauty bar, concierge and transport reception.
“All this will be in one self-contained location, which will be critical in COVID periods,” Tiley mentioned.
As perfectly as Rod Laver Arena, with a ability for 15,000 spectators, the Countrywide Tennis Centre has 4 other display courts seating between 3,000 and 11,500 fans.
Sydney, meanwhile, has nine match courts, with one particular roof nonetheless remaining finished on Ken Rosewall Arena, as well as six observe courts, smaller sized improve rooms and eating facilities.
Pat Rafter Arena, which has 5,500 seats but only a floating roof, is just one of 23 ITF-common courts in Brisbane.
The venue’s capacity is for all around 10,000 admirers, nowhere near the figures that can be accommodated in Melbourne, which boasts a history everyday attendance of 93,709.
So the greatest party on the once-a-year Australian sporting calendar will only go in advance in January in Melbourne, Tiley mentioned.
“The US Open and the French Open are exploring mandatory tests, varying degrees of quarantine and limiting entourages,” he mentioned.
“Of class we are seeking at all these choices, and a lot more, as portion of our scenario preparing.
“It truly is hard to forecast just what will need to have to be in area as guidelines and protocols are shifting week by 7 days, and sometimes even working day by working day.”
The hazard of enjoying tournaments all through coronavirus has been uncovered when various gamers and coaches ended up contaminated during the Adria Cup tournament in the Balkans, organised by men’s globe quantity one particular, Novak Djokovic.
Brisbane Broncos legend Darren Lockyer has conceded he is “worried” about the future of his former club after a fifth consecutive NRL loss on the weekend.
Having not managed a victory since before the coronavirus lockdown, the Broncos have slipped to 15th on the NRL ladder. The struggling club had not lost five consecutive games since 2012.
Following their shocking round seven defeat to the Gold Coast Titans on Saturday, former premiership player Ben Ikin slammed the Broncos’ “disgusting” list management and “ineffective” roster on Fox League’s NRL 360.
“The list management at the Brisbane Broncos has been disgusting. Disgusting,” Ikin said on Monday.
“There’s no way around it. The 30-man squad that they have assembled is ineffective, it’s out of balance.”
In response, former teammate Lockyer accepted the Broncos needed to “fix up” the club’s salary cap by making “better decisions”.
“Salary cap management is a big part of having success on the field and the Broncs, probably like a lot of other clubs, there are a few pressures there in the salary cap. That’s probably going to take a little bit of time to fix up,” Lockyer said on Wide World of Sports’ QLDER.
“It’s something that if you don’t get it right and you’re losing footy games, it gets picked apart.
“It’s up to the people within the Broncos, and that includes myself, to start making some better decisions.”
Broncos coach Anthony Seibold has come under the spotlight for the club’s recent failures, but Lockyer is “pretty confident” the Queenslander is capable of turning things around in the coming months.
“I said at the start of the year there was no excuses for the Broncos this year,” Lockyer said.
“I felt they should be improving on what they did last year and at the moment, where we sit, that’s not the case. But there’s still 13 rounds to go until the finals.
“From my perspective, if we keep going down this path, well you start to get a little bit worried about the future, but I’m pretty confident within the group of players and the coaching staff that they’ll start to get it right between now and the end of the season.”
Seibold is in the second year of his five-year coaching contract after guiding the South Sydney Rabbitohs to the preliminary final in 2018.
On Tuesday, veteran coach Wayne Bennett took a swipe at Seibold after it was suggested he had left the club with a subpar roster when he was unceremoniously axed as Broncos coach in late 2018.
“I have no doubt he thought he could win a premiership with this Broncos roster. No coach, particularly a young one, would take a job with an inferior roster to the one he is leaving. You just don’t do that,” Bennett told the Courier-Mail.
“I did not coach or have a rundown football team at the Broncos.
“Let’s look at their current roster. Seibold has 12 players with Origin or Test experience.
“What are we talking here? We are being lost in the smoke-and-mirrors.
“There is a lot of talent there under Seibold, but no-one is playing to their talent.”
Still searching for their first win since March, the Broncos will take on the New Zealand Warriors on Saturday afternoon at Central Coast Stadium.
Sky News contributor Nicholas Reece says when a lot of Individuals might imagine Joe Biden has some problems with his mental faculties, there are a important variety who choose him to President Donald Trump.
According to a Rasmussen poll, 38 for every cent of voters consider Biden has dementia.
Nevertheless, a the latest YouGov poll has presumptive Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden main President Trump 47 to 39, whilst the President’s approval score sits at 41 for each cent.
Mr Reece reported 22 for every cent of American girls and 78 for every cent of African-Americans favor Joe Biden to Trump.
“This time I assume they are turning out to vote since they are fired up,” he explained to Sky Information host Paul Murray.
WiseTech founder and chief executive Richard White has sold more than $45.8 million worth of shares over the last week amid questions about the company’s acquisition strategy and claims renegotiated earn-outs will add more than $100 million to its earnings for the financial year ending June 30.
Shares of the logistics solutions firm slumped by as much as 4.2 per cent – adding to Monday’s 8.6 per cent decline – after it confirmed on Tuesday that Mr White had disposed of another $41 million worth of shares.
WiseTech said Mr White sold the stock “to accommodate year-end personal financial commitments”.
On Monday, the company said Mr White had offloaded another parcel of 206,439 shares for $4.5 million, in his second share disposal since the its IPO in 2016.
A senior club figure also expressed increasing concerns that Victoria’s coronavirus spike could lead to more hubs.
Some Richmond members were informed on Monday morning that ticket sales for the West Coast match had been frozen.
Richmond members received the following message from the club on Monday morning: “Please note that there has been a hold on the 9am ticket on sale for our round five game at Metricon Stadium against the West Coast Eagles.
“We apologise for the inconvenience and will be in contact with all eligible members with further information as soon as it becomes available.”
As recently as Friday, Richmond members had been told to look forward to this Thursday’s match.
“With the easing of crowd restrictions in Queensland, we are delighted to allow our Tiger Army the opportunity to attend our round five clash v West Coast at Metricon Stadium on Thursday, July 2,” the club told members.
“As a thank you for your ongoing support during this unprecedented season, members who [hold] a valid home and/or away game access membership will be able to register for one ticket at no cost via Ticketek. You will be able to purchase guest passes for non-members when you are registering for your ticket.”
The AFL and Richmond were both contacted for comment. The Tigers referred the matter to the AFL, while several league officials are yet to respond.
The Queensland health department has also been contacted.
The New York Town Marathon, one particular of the most prestigious events on the global operating calendar, has been cancelled this calendar year mainly because of the COVID-19 pandemic, race organisers have confirmed.
Final year’s New York City Marathon experienced a world-record 53,640 finishers
This year’s party, which would have been the race’s 50th version, has been cancelled owing to coronavirus worries
Soon right after the NYC Marathon’s cancellation, organisers verified that this year’s Berlin Marathon is also off
The New York Road Runners (NYRR), in partnership with the mayor’s office environment, reported the decision to cancel the world’s most significant marathon was produced owing to coronavirus-connected health and fitness and safety considerations for runners, spectators, volunteers and personnel.
The race was scheduled to consider put on November 1.
“Cancelling this year’s New York City Marathon is unbelievably disappointing for everyone included, but it was clearly the training course we essential to abide by from a health and fitness and safety viewpoint,” claimed NYRR chief executive Michael Capiraso.
The 26.2-mile race (42km), which traverses all 5 boroughs of the town, routinely attracts extra than 50,000 runners and extra than 1 million spectators.
Quickly right after the New York announcement, organisers of the Berlin Marathon — scheduled for September 27 — verified that race was also off.
“Although the marathon is an iconic and beloved function in our town, I applaud New York Highway Runners for placing the health and fitness and security of both of those spectators and runners very first,” New York Mayor Bill de Blasio mentioned in a statement.
“We look ahead to hosting the 50th jogging of the marathon in November of 2021.”
Final year’s marathon in New York included a globe report 53,640 finishers.
Joyciline Jepkosgei of Kenya, the women’s planet document holder in the fifty percent-marathon, won final year’s race — her first-ever marathon, upsetting 4-time champion Mary Keitany.
Geoffrey Kamworor, also from Kenya, received the men’s event for the next time in three yrs.
“Can’t wait around to compete in my future NYRR party, when it is safe to do so,” US marathoner Emily Sisson tweeted soon after the announcement, including a coronary heart emoji.
Previous New York Town Marathon winner Meb Keflezighi said the race held a exclusive area in his coronary heart and he was unhappy to listen to this year’s version experienced been cancelled.
“These choices are under no circumstances quick, but holding persons nutritious and safe and sound is generally the suitable phone. I will see you in NYC for the 50th working in 2021!” Keflezighi explained on Twitter.
Runners who signed up for this year’s marathon, which would have celebrated its 50th anniversary, can possibly receive a comprehensive refund or pick out to operate the race in any of the next three a long time.
“As the newest US significant on the calendar for the year, this one particular stings,” previous Boston Marathon winner Des Linden wrote on Twitter.
Of the 6 Globe Marathon major races, three have been cancelled this calendar year owing to the virus with the Boston Marathon and Berlin Marathon also opting to shelve programs for their 2020 races.
The Boston Marathon, originally owing to be held in April and then postponed until September, was cancelled this year for the first time in its 124-year history.
The Tokyo Marathon went in advance on March 1 with elite runners only, London was postponed to October 4 from April 26 and the Chicago Marathon is at present scheduled for Oct 11.
Norway’s health authorities said on Monday they had suspended an app designed to help trace the spread of the new coronavirus after the national data protection agency said it was too invasive of privacy.
Launched in April, the smartphone app Smittestopp (“Infection stop”) was set up to collect movement data to help authorities trace the spread of COVID-19, and inform users if they had been exposed to someone carrying the novel coronavirus.
On Friday, the data agency, Datatilsynet, issued a warning that it would stop the Norwegian Institute of Public Health from handling data collected via Smittestopp.
People return to parks in Copenhagen, Denmark
Datatilsynet said the limited spread of coronavirus in Norway, as well the app’s limited effectiveness due to the small number of people actually using it, meant the invasion of privacy resulting from its use was disproportionate.
Camilla Stoltenberg, the public health institute’s director, said she did not agree with that assessment, but the institute would now delete all the app’s data and suspend its work.
Ms Stoltenberg said this weakened Norway’s response to the spread of coronavirus. “The pandemic is not over,” she said.
Some 600,000 of Norway’s 5.4 million inhabitants had been using the app.
Developed in Norway and downloadable on a voluntary basis, the application used centralised data storage, as is planned in France and the UK.
Norway, where the coronavirus deaths totalled 242 as of last week, is now seeing only a handful of new infection cases a day.
People in Australia must stay at least 1.5 metres away from others. Check your state’s restrictions on gathering limits.
Testing for coronavirus is now widely available across Australia. If you are experiencing cold or flu symptoms, arrange a test by calling your doctor or contact the Coronavirus Health Information Hotline on 1800 020 080.
The federal government’s coronavirus tracing app COVIDSafe is available for download from your phone’s app store. SBS is committed to informing Australia’s diverse communities about the latest COVID-19 developments.