Alberta community’s concerns about wind farm echo familiar challenges of Canada’s energy transition

Chris Blumhagen was working on his organic farm in central Alberta when Capital Power called to sell him on the idea of putting a wind turbine on his land.

Blumhagen says the representative from the company pushed hard, telling him his neighbours were already on board with a plan to build 74 turbines in the 100 square kilometre area and that if he didn’t sign on, he would miss out.

So Blumhagen signed in exchange for $10 and a promise of more to come once the turbines started spinning, only to later learn that many of his neighbours hadn’t done the same.

“They essentially tricked me,” he said.

That was 2015. Since then, Blumhagen and his neighbours have banded together to oppose the project, alleging dishonest tactics by the company in promoting the project to residents and risks to their health, land and livelihoods if it goes forward.

Edmonton-based Capital Power, which operates coal, natural gas and wind power facilities in Alberta, and Alberta’s utilities commission say all the residents’ concerns have been addressed.

This is the view from the rural front lines of Canada’s energy transition — a move away from fossil fuels toward renewable energy that a majority of Albertans say they support but that few in the country’s cities will have to deal with head-on.

Not opposed to wind power

That will be left to people like Blumhagen and his neighbours, who live on a sliver of Alberta prairie about 200 kilometres outside of Edmonton, wedged between the Battle River Valley to the north and the Paintearth Coulee to the south.

Locals call it “the island,” and a handful of families have lived here for more than a century, farming and ranching together.

Chris Blumhagen was approached by Capital Power about placing a wind turbine on his land and says the company misled him about local support for the project. (Erin Collins/CBC)

Along with agriculture, power generation has long been a part of daily life in Paintearth County. The area saw first the dawn of the coal industry and then the rise of the oil and gas industries in Alberta. Oil wells still draw black gold from the earth here, and a coal mine and power plant still operates in the area.

Blumhagen says that experience is why most residents aren’t against the idea of wind power or other forms of renewable energy.

“Wind has its place,” he said.

But Blumhagen says Capital Power, which already operates one wind farm in the area, near the village of Halkirk, has not taken the time to listen to the concerns of residents.

Residents like Gerard Fetaz, whose family has lived here since 1904. Fetaz’s concerns about the project are easy to see. He has a small runway on his property that he uses to fly his vintage 1957 Cessna. He used to make some money crop dusting in the area, though these days he flies just for the love of it.

But that passion may be grounded for good if Capital Power’s wind farm is built. The plans would see a turbine just 650 metres from his landing strip, despite recommendations from Transport Canada that turbines should be at least four kilometres from a runway.

Gerard Fetaz worries that a wind farm close to his home in Paintearth County will mean he can no longer fly his plane. (Erin Collins/CBC)

“It’s not safe,” said Fetaz. “Somebody runs into a turbine, or gets caught in the turbulence or something — you could hit somebody’s house.”

He says he has tried to reach out to Capital Power about finding a different location for the turbine but says “they aren’t interested in talking about it at all.”

24 conditions placed on project

Capital Power didn’t agree to an interview with CBC News, but in a statement, the company denied that it ignored the concerns of residents and said it would act with “integrity, work to address stakeholder concerns and abide by all laws and regulations governing the project development process.”

But Fetaz and others in the area say the rush to embrace sustainable energy has meant that their concerns have been passed over. Since the project was given the green light in 2018, local residents have challenged its approval at several levels, including at the Alberta Court of Appeal and, most recently, at the county, but to no avail. 

The province is moving ahead with wind power, with Alberta Electric System Operator, which oversees Alberta’s electricity grid, predicting that the amount of wind power generated in Alberta will double over the next decade.

The Alberta Utilities Commission, the regulator that approved the Capital Power project, says it is in the public interest. 

The AUC’s Jim Law says every effort was made to accommodate the residents, including putting 24 conditions on the project’s approval, which the company must meet to complete it. 

Among them, a commitment to move the turbine near Fetaz’s runway by up to 50 metres and to make sure that any environmental impacts are mitigated.

Katrina Smith and her family play in their backyard in Paintearth County. Three wind turbines will be visible from their property if the planned wind farm is built. (Erin Collins/CBC)

“Those are in place to directly answer some of the concerns that the intervenors had about the project, and they range from airport considerations to wildlife and noise,” Law said.

Law said that, unlike with oil and gas developments, no one can be forced to have a wind turbine on their land in Alberta,

“There’s no forced entry. It’s a voluntary agreement,” he said.

Law says the system is set up to make sure the public interest is served and that the concerns of the land owners are respected and that it generally works.

‘Backlash’ in Ontario

That’s not how Katrina Smith sees it. Three turbines will be visible from Smith’s home, which sits just down the road from those of her parents and brothers. Smith likes the idea of renewable energy; her home is completely off-grid, powered by a solar array in her backyard.

But she has concerns about how a large wind farm will impact the sensitive wetlands near her home and the community she grew up in. She sees a push to meet the green energy needs of urban Canada on the backs of rural communities like hers.

“There has to be mutual respect. There has to be an appreciation for what is already there,” she said. “There has to be a goal for what we can maintain and sustain for the future.”

Dayna Scott says similar concerns about the location of turbines and their impact on residents and the environment were raised in rural Ontario more than a decade ago, when that province moved to embrace wind power. 

Scott, who holds a research chair in environmental law and justice at York University in Toronto, says that residents were not consulted adequately in Ontario and that ignoring local concerns caused “a huge amount of backlash in rural communities.”

Scott worries that repeating those mistakes in other parts of Canada could slow a shift toward green energy.

That situation may already be playing out back on “the island.” Local opposition and a sluggish economy mean the future of the wind farm is in limbo. Capital Power has yet to start construction on the project, which it has until December 2022 to finish.

That’s welcome news for many of the residents in the area if not for Canada’s shift to a lower-carbon future.

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Commitment March: Thousands echo historic March on Washington to protest against police brutality | US News

Thousands of people have gathered to commemorate the historic 1963 civil rights March on Washington, channelling those who took part back then to demonstrate police brutality against black Americans.

The rally saw dozens speak passionately about ongoing violence against black citizens in the US at the hands of white people or law enforcement, most recently highlighted by the shooting of Jacob Blake in Wisconsin.

Mr Blake’s father, also named Jacob Blake, was among those who addressed the crowds on Friday, telling those in attendance that his own dad was at the original March on Washington.

“I truly did not want to come see you all here today for these reasons,” he said, adding: “But I have a duty.”

Thousands attended the ‘Commitment March: Get Your Knee Off Our Necks’ protest
Jacob Blake Sr., father of Jacob Blake, Jr., speaks at the Lincoln Memorial during the
Jacob Blake Sr speaks at the Lincoln Memorial

Reverend Al Sharpton, Martin Luther King III and family members of other victims who have died or been left injured by police violence also spoke at the event.

It was dubbed the Commitment March: Get Your Knee Off Our Necks.

The gathering took place 57 years since Martin Luther King Jr’s “I have a dream” speech in the same location and five days after Mr Blake, 29, was shot repeatedly by police officers in the city of Kenosha – in front of his children.

Mr Blake survived the attack, but has been left paralysed from the waist down, according to his family.

His shooting sparked mass protests, with people demanding justice for black lives.

Rev Al Sharpton spoke passionately at the march and called for change
Rev Al Sharpton spoke passionately at the march and called for change

Two people were left dead during demonstrations in Kenosha after a young white man, who was caught on a mobile phone video, opened fire in the middle of the street with a semi-automatic rifle.

Kyle Rittenhouse, a 17-year-old, has been charged with homicide.

Jacob Blake, a black man shot by police in Wisconsin. Pic: Ben Crump
Jacob Blake, who was shot in Wisconsin, remains in hospital

Reverend Sharpton, whose civil rights organisation the National Action Network planned the event, invited family of George Floyd, Breonna Taylor, Rayshard Brooks, Ahmaud Arbery, Trayvon Martin, Eric Garner, and Mr Blake to speak on Friday.

Mr Floyd, Ms Taylor, Mr Brooks and Mr Garner were all killed by US police officers, while Mr Arbery and Mr Martin were both killed by white men who pursued them with guns.

Philonise Floyd speaking in Washington DC

‘Change is happening because we demand it’

The protesters who took part in the rally stood in queues that stretched for several streets as organisers insisted on taking temperatures as part of coronavirus restrictions.

They were seen wearing masks and also sitting in socially-distant chairs, which had been laid out.

Demonstrators sit in chairs set out for social distancing at the Lincoln Memorial
Demonstrators sit in chairs set out for social distancing at the Lincoln Memorial

Speaking at the rally, Mr King III said: “Today we commemorate the march on jobs and freedom in 1963 where my father declared his dream.

“But we must never forget the America nightmare of racist violence exemplified when Emmett Till was murdered on this day in 1955, and the criminal justice system failed to convict his killers.

“Sixty-five years later, we still struggle for justice. Demilitarising the police, dismantling mass incarceration – and declaring and determinedly as we can, that black lives matter.”

Martin Luther King III, eldest son of Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., speaks at the
Martin Luther King III, eldest son of Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., speaks at the Commitment March

Later on, Rev Sharpton told the crowd during his impassioned speech: “You act like it’s no trouble to shoot us in the back. You act like it’s no trouble to put a choke-hold on us while we scream ‘I can’t breathe’ 11 times.

“You act like it’s no trouble to hold a man down on the ground until you squeeze the life out of him.

“It’s time for a new conversation.”

He added: “Some say to me, ‘Reverend Al, y’all ought to denounce those that get violent, those that are looting?’ All of the families have denounced the looting. What we haven’t heard, is you denouncing shooting.

“We will speak against the looting, but when will you speak against wrong police shooting?”

Reverend Al Sharpton speaking in Washington DC

Al Sharpton: ‘We’re tired of broken promises’

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Rev Sharpton has called for those in other states to march on their US senators’ offices and demand their support of federal policing reforms.

In June, the Democrat-controlled House of Representatives passed the George Floyd Justice In Policing Act, which would ban police use of stranglehold manoeuvres and end qualified immunity for officers, among other reforms.

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Amazon opens its first Fresh grocery store in Los Angeles to select customers, equipped with Dash Carts and voice-activated Echo Show displays (Annie Palmer/CNBC)

Annie Palmer / CNBC:

Amazon opens its first Fresh grocery store in Los Angeles to select customers, equipped with Dash Carts and voice-activated Echo Show displays  —  – Amazon is opening the first location of its new chain of Fresh grocery stores.  — The store, located in Los Angeles’ Woodland Hills neighborhood …

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India’s democracy will function in accordance with Constitution, echo voice of people: Rahul Gandhi | India News

NEW DELHI: Congress leader Rahul Gandhi on Sunday said democracy in the country will function in accordance with the Constitution and echo the voice of the people, who will reject the BJP‘s “conspiracy of deceit and deception”.
He was participating in the Congress’s “SpeakUpForDemocracy” online campaign to expose what it called the designs of the BJP to topple the Ashok Gehlot dispensation in Rajasthan and other state governments run by opposition parties. A large number of party leaders participated in the digital campaign.
“India’s democracy will function in accordance with the Constitution and echo the voice of the people. The people of the country will protect democracy and the Constitution by rejecting the BJP’s conspiracy of deceit and deception,” he said in a tweet in Hindi.

The Congress government in Rajasthan is facing a threat after Gehlot’s former deputy Sachin Pilot rebelled against the party. Eighteen other MLAs are backing Pilot.
The Congress has accused the BJP of being behind the revolt, a charge denied by the saffron party.
The Congress will on Monday stage demonstrations outside all Raj Bhawans to lodge their protest against the Rajasthan Governor’s action.
The Congress has accused the Rajasthan Governor of delaying a session of the Rajasthan Assembly. It also alleged misuse of the powers of Governors in toppling opposition governments.
“Indian democracy will follow the Constitution and echo the voice of the people. Indian people will reject BJP’s deceit and conspiracies and protect Indian democracy and the Constitution,” Rahul Gandhi said in another tweet.

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