Study Aims to ID Which Young Adults with Depression May Benefit from Exercise

Aerobic exercise has clearly been shown to help young adults with major depression, and a new study from Rutgers University researchers suggests it may be possible to predict who would benefit from  exercise as a behavioral therapy.

“Our study needs to be replicated, but the precision medicine approach of predicting who may or may not benefit from exercise as an antidepressant is provocative,” said senior author Dr. Brandon L. Alderman, an associate professor in Rutgers’ Department of Kinesiology and Health.

“We also need to know whether exercise has a similar antidepressant effect in younger adolescents and in adults with more treatment-resistant forms of depression who have not responded well to traditional treatments, including antidepressants and cognitive behavioral therapy.”

Unique to this precision medicine study, published in the journal Psychological Medicine, is an assessment of cognitive control and reward-related brain activity, two facets of brain function that are impaired in people with depression.

Like previous studies, this one showed that aerobic exercise helps young adults with major depression. Moreover, reward-related brain activity predicted successful treatment response among young adults with major depression who completed eight weeks of aerobic exercise.

Cognitive control means processes that allow adjustments in behavior to help achieve goals and resist distractions. Reward processing (or reward-related brain activity) reflects the response to rewarding stimuli or outcomes and the ability to process and then modulate your response to positive and negative outcomes, such as loss.

Deficits in reward processing have been linked to multiple psychiatric conditions, including major depression, and may reflect anhedonia – the loss of interest in or inability to experience pleasure in cases of depression.

Many people with major depression, a complex disease, do not respond favorably to evidence-based treatments.

Depression symptoms include feelings of hopelessness, irritability, fatigue, difficulty concentrating and thoughts of suicide, according to the National Institute of Mental Health.

People suffering from depression often look for treatment via trial and error; moving in and out of various treatments, including antidepressants and cognitive behavioral therapies, according to Alderman.

The Rutgers-led team studied 66 young adults with major depression, focusing on aerobic exercise and its impact on depressive symptoms.

Three times a week for eight weeks, some participants did moderate-intensity aerobic exercise and others did light-intensity stretching. Depression symptoms were reduced by 55 percent in the aerobic exercise group versus 31 percent in the light-intensity stretching group.

While aerobic exercise did not influence reward processing or cognitive control, people with better reward processing when the study began were more likely to successfully respond to exercise treatment.

Source: Rutgers University

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Jeremy Cameron, AFL trade news, rumours, whispers 2020: Giant to exercise free agency rights, Geelong deal, Chris Scott

UPDATE: Geelong coach Chris Scott spoke to GWS forward Jeremy Cameron within the last six weeks, as the Cats’ chase for the former Coleman medallist became “really tangible”.

Cameron told the Giants on Monday afternoon he wanted to explore his options as a restricted free agent. Scott learned around the same time Cameron wanted to become a Cat, picking them over a late-charging Collingwood.

The Cats, who are also preparing for a Grand Final this coming Saturday night, will almost certainly need to work out a trade with GWS, who can match any offer given to their restricted free agent.

Scott’s spoken to Giant


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Fibromyalgia: Exercise helps — here’s how to start

If you have fibromyalgia and you’re in pain, exercising is probably the last thing you feel like doing. But experts say it’s actually one of the most effective strategies you can try to help manage this chronic pain condition.

Yet many people with fibromyalgia already struggle to get through their regular daily activities. Adding exercise on top of that may seem insurmountable. And pain and exhaustion can make it difficult to start and stick with regular workouts.

Getting started

It’s natural to worry that any exercise will make your pain worse and leave you wiped out. But know that adding more physical activity into your day may actually decrease your pain, improve your sleep, and give you more energy.

So, how does a worried person with fibromyalgia get started? You might want to talk with your doctor about your current medical therapy when you’re planing to begin exercising. Questions to consider: Should I take my medications at different times of the day? What can I do either before I exercise or right after to minimize symptoms?

Take it slow

When you are ready to begin an exercise program, start slowly. Taking a small-steps approach to beginning an exercise plan can help. Add activity in small doses, every day if you can. Then build up your activity slowly over time.

For example, if you walked for 10 minutes today, try 11 minutes — a 10% increase — a week later. This approach is especially important for avoiding a phenomenon called post-exertional malaise (PEM). Many people with fibromyalgia have this problem. When they feel less pain or more energy, they may try to get things done that they have been unable to do because of symptoms. Often, they don’t realize when they are doing too much at once. They may wind up feeling so exhausted that it takes days or longer to recover. This is PEM, better known to people with fibromyalgia as a “crash.” A gradual approach to exercise can help prevent it.

Choose activities carefully

In addition to gradually increasing movement over time, also try to choose activities that won’t put too much strain on your body. Experts typically recommend any low-impact aerobic activity, such as walking, swimming, or cycling. Your doctor may advise you to work with a physical therapist on exercises specifically aimed at reducing pain and stiffness and improving function. This may include stretching and strengthening as well as aerobic exercise.

Another form of exercise that has shown promise for people with fibromyalgia is tai chi. This ancient Chinese practice originated as a form of self-defense. It involves slow, deliberate movements and deep breathing exercises.

One 2018 study in The BMJ looked at 226 adults with fibromyalgia. Researchers assigned 151 members of the group to practice tai chi once or twice a week for either 12 or 24 weeks. The other 75 study participants did moderate-intensity aerobic exercise twice a week for six months. Researchers found that tai chi was better at relieving fibromyalgia symptoms than aerobic exercise.

Some limited evidence also suggests that yoga may also help to improve fibromyalgia symptoms, including pain, fatigue, and mood problems.

Whatever activity you choose, remember to be patient with yourself. Short-term setbacks may occur, but being patient and working to overcome them can help you make long-term progress.

The post Fibromyalgia: Exercise helps — here’s how to start appeared first on Harvard Health Blog.

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How the pandemic is changing our exercise habits

None of us should be surprised, then, to learn that the pandemic seems also to be transforming whether, when and how we exercise. The nature of those changes, though, remains rather muddled and mutable, according to a number of recent studies. In one, researchers report that during the first few weeks after pandemic-related lockdowns began in the United States and other nations, Google searches related to the word “exercise” spiked and remained elevated for months.


And many people seem to have been using the information they gleaned from those searches by actually exercising more. An online survey conducted in 139 countries by RunRepeat, a company that reviews running shoes, found that a majority of people who had been exercising before the health crisis began reported exercising more often in the early weeks after. A separate survey of almost 1,500 older Japanese adults found that most said they had been quite inactive in the early weeks of lockdowns, but by June, they were walking and exercising as much as ever.

A gloomier June study, however, using anonymised data from more than 450,000 users of a smartphone step-counting app, concluded that, around the world, steps declined substantially after lockdowns began. Average daily steps declined by about 5.5 per cent during the first 10 days of a nation’s pandemic lockdowns and by about 27 per cent by the end of the first month.

But most of these studies and surveys relied on people recalling their exercise habits, which can be unreliable, or looked at aggregate results, without digging into differences by age, socioeconomic group, gender and other factors, which might turn up telling variations in how people’s exercise habits might have changed during the pandemic.

So, for the new study, which has been posted at a biology preprint site awaiting peer-review, researchers at University College London turned to data from a free, activity-tracking smartphone app available in Britain and some other nations. The app uses GPS and similar technologies to track how many minutes people had spent walking, running or cycling, and allows users to accumulate exercise points that can be used for monetary or other rewards. (One of the study’s authors works for the app maker, but the company did not provide input into the results or analysis of the research, according to the study’s other authors.)

The researchers gathered anonymised data from 5,395 app users living in Britain who ranged in age from adolescence to older adulthood. All of them had been using the app since at least January, before the pandemic had spread to that country.


The researchers used data from the app on users’ birth dates and postal codes to divide people by age and locale to learn how much they exercised in January. Then they began comparing, first to the early days of social-distancing restrictions in various parts of Britain, then to the stricter lockdowns that followed and finally, to the dates in midsummer when most lockdowns in that country eased.

They found, unsurprisingly, that almost everyone’s exercise habits changed when the pandemic started. An overwhelming majority worked out less, especially once full lockdowns began — regardless of their gender or socioeconomic status. The drop was most marked among those people who had been the most active before the pandemic and among people younger than about 40 (who were not always the same people).

After lockdowns lifted or eased, most people began exercising a bit more often, but, in general, only those older than 65 returned to or exceeded their previous minutes of exercise.

The results are surprising, said Abi Fisher, an associate professor of physical activity and health at University College London, who oversaw the new study, “especially because 50 per cent of the older group were 70 or older.”


Of course, these older people, like the other men and women in the study, downloaded and used an exercise app, which distinguishes them from a vast majority of people around the world who do not use such apps. The study also looked only at “formal” exercises like walking, running or cycling and not lighter activities like strolling or gardening, which can likewise benefit health and most likely also changed during the pandemic.

And the study tells us nothing about why exercise habits differed for people during the pandemic, although some mixture of circumstance and psychology may very likely be a factor. Older people probably had more free time for exercise than younger adults who are juggling child care, work and other responsibilities during the pandemic, Fisher said. They also might have developed greater concerns about their immune systems and general health, motivating them to get up and move.

Far more large-scale and long-term research about exercise during the pandemic is needed, she said. But for now, the message of the available research seems to be that we may all want to monitor how much we are moving to help assure that we are exercising enough.

The New York Times

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Ballot-ticking exercise – Why Tajikistan’s president will win a fifth term | Asia

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Train for Explosive Power With This Simple Dumbbell Exercise

If you start talking about building explosiveness with weights, someone always chirps about Olympic weightlifting movements. Learning Olympic lifts, though, is a slower and more arduous process than anyone who’s never tried it would think. There are more setbacks than breakthroughs. I should know, I dedicated a decade of my life to Olympic weightlifting.


If you have the time and energy to devote to it, it can be rewarding and mentally engaging. But if you’re looking to train explosive ability now, there are better ways. The dumbbell power shrug is one of your best options.



To train explosiveness, stick to fundamental movements, and learn to train these remarkably well.


If you want to learn more about the principles that set a foundation for all movement, see my two-week, in-depth online course teaching the unchanging principles behind all barbell lifts. How to restore resiliency and control of your body starts soon.


You won’t need a lot of equipment or coaching on an exercise like a dumbbell power shrug, and you can tailor it to your needs and make it more difficult over time.


You can build a base for athleticism, coordination, and explosive potential in the gym for whatever other physical hobbies you enjoy, but you need first to understand how.


The Benefits of the Dumbbell Shrug Does

The dumbbell power shrug builds athletic strength.



There are not many exercises that train these qualities in the gym outside of throwing or slamming heavy med balls.


The Benefits of Training for Explosive Power

If you don’t play a sport where you need to move explosively, you may not be interested in doing an exercise that develops this ability.


The ability to move quickly, to move or catch yourself when you stumble, or to change direction, is an explosive movement. It is a physical ability we often overlook. It’s vital, though, and not just for younger people trying to compete in some athletic practice.



As you age, explosive ability declines before other physical traits such as strength, flexibility, and even muscle mass. If you aren’t very explosive to start with, this decline will be an even bigger issue.


One of the most significant risks to injury as we age is losing this explosive reflex.


If we trip, and you can’t move your feet fast enough to catch yourself or put your hands out, you will get hurt. Knee, hip, and back injuries from falling can all be reduced as you age by adding some explosive training into the mix.


If you’re younger and looking to be more powerful, this is a great tool that doesn’t require you to learn a new or complicated skill. If you want to start training this hard, all you need to know how to do is squat properly, and remember how to jump.


The best part about this exercise is that it involves a forceful contact from just about every muscle starting in the lower body and moving up the chain.



The sequence of the movement teaches coordination that generally wouldn’t be learned in weight training unless you dedicated yourself to Olympic weightlifting.


A group of coaches close to me calls this coordination the chain of command.



Train for Explosive Power With This Simple Dumbbell Exercise - Fitness, Kettlebell, flexibility, dumbbell, explosive strength, eccentric training, quads, upper traps, hip mobility, rep tempo, resiliency, overhead medicine ball slam, shrugs


The idea is that big muscles should fire before smaller ones during complex explosive movement. For the power shrug, when you squat and start extending upward, the biggest most powerful muscles of the lower body fire.


Train for Explosive Power With This Simple Dumbbell Exercise - Fitness, Kettlebell, flexibility, dumbbell, explosive strength, eccentric training, quads, upper traps, hip mobility, rep tempo, resiliency, overhead medicine ball slam, shrugs


As you reach the top of the movement and extend, the traps should shrug at the same time as the ankles extend. These smaller muscles act only after the bigger muscles have initiated the movement, though.


How To Do The Dumbell Power Shrug


You’ll need a dumbbell or kettlebell in each hand.


  • Grab them, and stand up. Then hinge over and squat down so that the dumbbells are at a height somewhere between your knee caps and ankles.
  • Push hard against the ground, as if you were trying to drive your ankles through the floor. (This will make you keep contact with the ground longer and not come up on your toes prematurely as many do when they think of doing a jumping action)
  • As you extend, keep pushing hard through your feet and think about stretching your body long as if you were trying to jump and reach your head to the ceiling.
  • Keep your arms long and elbows relaxed.
  • Push even harder through the ankles at the very top and think of shrugging your shoulders to your ears. If you focus on pushing hard through the ankles, you’ll come upon the balls of your feet, but your toes won’t lose contact with the ground.
  • Time your shrug with the exact moment when the heels come off the ground.
  • As soon as you fully extend, immediately drop your heels back down and go back down in a squat.
  • Try to make this a continuous, fluid movement with no pause for the set number of reps.



Once you get comfortable, change it up by starting from the floor. Touch the dumbbells to the ground every rep.


This deeper squat is more challenging than you think. It would help if you had plenty of hip mobility to squat that low with good posture and so it trains the hip musculature differently.


Mistakes to Avoid

A big mistake is to let your entire foot leave the ground and hop. Use light weights, and it’s not a big deal, but start grabbing heavier bells, and it could get you hurt.


If you extend hard, as you should, the heels leave the floor but always keep ground contact with part of your foot.


One off-balanced landing after an actual jump, and you’re looking at a foot or ankle injury.


A More Advanced Dumbbell Power Shrug

Once you’ve trained the movement and have gradually added weight, you can challenge yourself with some different tempos.


You could do a 6-count eccentric (lowering) of the weight into your squat position before extending as fast as possible. Or you could do something like a 3-count eccentric, with a pause at the bottom for another 3-counts.


A basic movement like the power shrug makes it easy to modify and make more challenging so you can keep training it hard.

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Diet, exercise and brain training reduces risk of Alzheimer’s — if people are given a little bit of ‘extra assistance’, ANU study finds

When 73-year-old Bob Gardiner took part in a study which looked at whether diet and exercise could reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease, his biggest fear was “losing [his] marbles”.

The Canberran was one of 119 research participants in a study conducted by the Australian National University (ANU), which found that older people already in cognitive decline can reduce their risk of Alzheimer’s disease with supported diet and exercise.

“I have always been very concerned to keep my cognitive faculties going,” Mr Gardiner said.

“My great fear would be to lose those.”

But in the six-month program, he lost nearly seven kilograms of body weight as he got back into exercising regularly, and stuck to the program’s compulsory Mediterranean diet, which mainly consisted of fruit, vegetables, fish, nuts and legumes, and olive oil.

“I was more active and feeling more active,” Mr Gardiner said.

“The food helped big time.”

Adopting a Mediterranean diet also had an impact on reducing a person’s Alzheimer’s risk.(Supplied)

When help is given, Alzheimer’s risk reduces

The ANU’s “proof-of-concept study” saw researchers track participants as they spent six months making positive lifestyle changes.

The participants were all aged 65 years or older, and had been experiencing some decline in their cognitive function previously.

Half the participants had support throughout the six months from specialist coaches, while the other half completed online education to change their lifestyles independently.

The study found that people given help experienced a significantly lower risk of Alzheimer’s disease and improvement in cognitive abilities, compared with those who were not given the extra support.

“What it shows is that if you give people that extra assistance, you can get the results that you need,” said program creator and ANU PhD candidate Mitchell McMaster.

“It is a really good indication that if you modify your lifestyle, there is still hope to reduce dementia risk, which is a really exciting finding for this field of study.”

Mr Gardiner, who was in the group that received support, was not surprised by Mr McMaster’s findings.

“If you are allowed to go your own way, I know what I am like,” Mr Gardiner said.

“My dietician and physiologist took no rubbish at all and the gym manager would look at me and tell me to get on with it.”

Young scientist and tertiary post-graduate in academic hallway
ANU PhD candidate Mitchell McMaster created a lifestyle modification program that showed reduced dementia risk for people over 65 experiencing early signs of cognitive decline.(Photo: Dementia Australia)

So how does the program work?

ANU researchers conducted tests to come up with a measure of “global cognition”.

“We had a range of tests, neuropsychological tests,” Mr McMaster explained.

“We combined those to get a measure of global cognition, [which is] a combination of all the different cognitive functions, like your memory and processing speed.”

With an exercise physiologist, participants increased exercise routines to between two and three hours of moderate exercise a week, such as cycling, swimming or walking.

Participants also did brain training exercises designed to improve memory function.

Researchers then measured changes in each participants using the standardised tests — a change of two points meant a significant increase in quality of health and led to less chance of dementia.

“We were able to change it by two-and-a-half points, which is equal to low-to-moderate exercise,” Mr McMaster said.

He hoped his initial findings would lead to a longer-term study.

“This was a proof-of-concept study, where you prove an idea that appears to be working in the short-term to get funding for a larger study to provide more conclusive proof,” Mr McMaster said.

Mr McMaster’s PhD scholarship was supported by the Dementia Australia Research Foundation and Neuroscience Research Australia.

The study is published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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We try to eat well, exercise and do the right things, but sometimes you just need a piece of cake

It all started with a slice of pie.

First, I had banoffee pie for lunch — sweet bananas, unctuous toffee-caramel — with a thick layer of cream.

Then, I had a slice of sexy red velvet layer cake for afternoon tea.

I cut myself a corner of carrot and hazelnut cake for a getting-dinner-ready snack (cream cheese frosting is the only evidence you’ll ever need that God exists) and then I decided to have a whole chocolate mini-whoopee pie with vanilla buttercream for dinner.

My family ate fish, green beans, brussels sprouts and corn. But bugger that; I needed cake. A whole day of cake.

I live around the corner from a tiny little bakery that’s become famous in my neighbourhood for its small posse of Olympic-level bakers and the wondrous confections they magic from the ovens every day. The little Victorian shopfront glitters like a jewel-box filled with fruit tarts, and layer cakes, and little cream pies and dainty piped biscuits.

It’s as if Aladdin’s cave was suddenly edible, and frosted with white chocolate icing.

The shop has bravely battled through our economic shutdown and community lockdown, baking and selling delicious things that are ordered on the phone and then sold through its small sash-window until early afternoon. Then it closes down and starts all over again. It’s kept all its people employed and a cold suburb very happily fed.

In the past, I’ve stopped by only from time to time, careful to put a healthy distance between me and too much pecan praline.

But then yesterday, more than five months into various degrees of lockdown, including this — one of the harshest in the world — I think I kind of snapped.

We’re all doing what we can to get by

I got on the text, and ordered slice after slice of sweet, creamy happiness, and then lugged it home and steadily consumed it.

Sure, I kept a slice aside for the eight year-old — but only because I’m not mad about brownies. And no, I didn’t feel a tiny bit guilty. But I did wonder if I was starting to completely lose it.

It was only when a Sydney friend told me that she mailed a block of home-made rocky road to another Melbourne locked-down friend (who thanked her, saying it was just the perfect size to have for dinner), that I realised I was not alone.

Four slices of chocolate olive oil on plates next to cut cake topped with pistachios and coconut.
This city is full of guilty — and not so guilty — chocolate biscuit, cheesecake, fudge brownie and apple pie eaters all doing what we can just to get by.(ABC Life: Julia Busuttil Nishimura)

This city is full of guilty and not-so-guilty chocolate biscuit, cheesecake, fudge brownie and apple pie-eaters all doing what we can just to get by.

One of my ABC colleagues has devised a “banana clock” to distinguish days that all seem the same: she starts Monday with five bananas, eats one each day, and on the day that there’s only one left? Well, that must be Friday.

We try to eat well, and exercise and meditate and do all the right things, but as the infection numbers stubbornly bump the ceiling of triple figures, sometimes — well, we just need a piece of cake. And a cuddle, if we can. And a bit of joy.

A wonderful bloke called Scott called the show this week from Tassie to say he was thinking of us and that he knew, he just knew, that we would get through this, that we still had it in us and that life would begin again on the other side.

He sounded strong and happy — happy for us that he knew we were going to get there. (Send that man an angel cake. A big angel cake. He gave us the feeling of wings.)

This, too, shall pass

This weekend we can take you as far away as one can possibly go, north and south, but you’ll still end up in the place you could truly be right now. Intrigued? Read on…

And as Australia heads back into recession for the first time in 30 years, those of us old enough to remember it share memories of job queues and 17 per cent interest rates. The lesson is that this, too, shall pass.

Have a safe and happy weekend — and have I tried to convert you to one of the greatest TV series ever made during this so-called golden era?

Halt and Catch Fire is set in the early ’80s, at the advent of the PC revolution, and draws characters so finely, with such insight and psychological depth, that when I persuaded a listener to give it a go she rang a week later to say she’d inhaled all four seasons and now that it was over, she missed the lead characters terribly.

You’ll find it on Foxtel and Apple, and then you can join our club.

Here’s something you can sip on while travelling back to the time of floppys and DOS prompts — I invented it myself! Three ingredients only!

And I’ve been hanging on to this one for a bit: the post-arena rock of The Killers is exactly what I reckon we need right now — anthems, synthesisers, gloriously bombastic vocals.

The Las Vegas act has decided to bestow their magic right in the middle of all this, and a week or so ago they released their new album Imploding the Mirage. It has the power and the passion to blow reality away, at least for a while.

You’ll need to turn this up — you’ll want to turn this up. And you’ll know all the words by the end of the first play.


Go well.

Virginia Trioli is presenter on Mornings on ABC Radio Melbourne and the former co-host of ABC News Breakfast.

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How to Choose the Right Exercise Equipment for Seniors

How to Choose the Right Exercise Equipment for Seniors

How to Choose the Right Exercise Equipment for Seniors : As you get older, your muscles and bones become weak day by day. But even at this age, you can look younger and active if you involve yourself in physical activities. Exercise is a great way to stay healthy and active even in your seventies. Experts at Fit Notch believe that seniors’ proper workout equipment can help them mentally and physically fit throughout their life.

However, at an older age, having pain in your back and joints is quite common. In this case, you must consult your doctor or physician to recommend special exercises for seniors and equipment.

Exercise equipment made for older people is a little bit different for the ones made for professional athletes and younger age groups. Therefore, you need to be cautious when choosing fitness machines that can severely impact your joints and muscles.

This guide is specifically meant for seniors who have difficulties choosing the right exercise machines to exercise at home.

  1. Elliptical Trainers

    Elliptical Trainers are full-body workout machines with low impact on joints and muscles. Ellipticals are versatile and have easy to use interface. For Seniors, we recommend going for ellipticals that come with at least eight levels of magnetic resistance.

    Make sure the elliptical machine that you choose comes with safety handles. Safety handles matter a lot, especially when you are buying an elliptical machine for older people. The handles provide extra support to people who have less strength to sit for a more extended period.

    The last thing that you can look for in an elliptical machine is the footpads. Always opt for anti-slip wide foot pads as they give more balance and keep you safe from injuries.

    For seniors, we do not recommend ellipticals with pre-set programs. Pre-set exercise programs can put a strain on muscles and joints. Thus we advise choosing an elliptical with manual settings.

  2. Stationary Bike

    Stationary bikes, especially the recumbent bikes, are a valid form of exercise equipment dealing with arthritis. Always opt for a stationary bike with back support to ease pressure on your spine. A recumbent bike with a back support seat puts less strain on your hips and joints for long hour exercise. Chairs with adjustable height put less stress on your legs while you paddle.

    Moreover, look out for a well-cushioned seat for extra comfort on your hips bone. Lastly, make sure the bike comes with variable controls to adjust the speed manually. For seniors, stationary bikes with manual speed control are more effective as compared to automatic ones.

    Furthermore, for seniors, it is highly advised to choose foot pedals with straps over them. This gives more control and avoids any injuries in case of foot slip while exercising.

  3. Resistance Bands

    Resistance bands can help in strengthening your muscles and bones more naturally. For older geeks, resistance bands with handles provide more grip and safe movements while exercising. Avoid using bands with flat handles as they might slips from your hands and result in injuries.

    Resistance bands come in different colors and levels of resistance. For people in their seventies, it is highly advised to start from the groups with lower resistance. Once you build enough strength, you can then slowly move on to higher levels.

    For safety concerns, run your fingers up and down the bands to see any crack or tear.


Finally, when it comes to choosing the most effective form of exercise equipment for older people, there are hundreds of options in the fitness industry. However, these three equipment are highly recommended by physicians and experts for the older age group. So, it is crucial to know the factors when buying exercise equipment for seniors.







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How to Choose the Right Exercise Equipment for Seniors

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