Hospitals fighting COVID face another challenge: Hackers


By late morning on Oct. 28, staff at the University of Vermont Medical Center noticed the hospital’s phone system wasn’t working.

Then the internet went down, and the Burlington-based center’s technical infrastructure with it. Employees lost access to databases, digital health records, scheduling systems and other online tools they rely on for patient care.

Administrators scrambled to keep the hospital operational — cancelling non-urgent appointments, reverting to pen-and-paper record keeping and rerouting some critical care patients to nearby hospitals.

In its main laboratory, which runs about 8,000 tests a day, employees printed or hand-wrote results and carried them across facilities to specialists. Outdated, internet-free technologies experienced a revival.

“We went around and got every fax machine that we could,” said UVM Medical Center Chief Operating Officer Al Gobeille.

The Vermont hospital had fallen prey to a cyberattack, becoming one of the most recent and visible examples of a wave of digital assaults taking U.S. health care providers hostage as COVID-19 cases surge nationwide.

The same day as UVM’s attack, the FBI and two federal agencies warned cybercriminals were ramping up efforts to steal data and disrupt services across the health care sector.

By targeting providers with attacks that scramble and lock up data until victims pay a ransom, hackers can demand thousands or millions of dollars and wreak havoc until they’re paid.

In September, for example, a ransomware attack paralyzed a chain of more than 250 U.S. hospitals and clinics. The resulting outages delayed emergency room care and forced staff to restore critical heart rate, blood pressure and oxygen level monitors with ethernet cabling.

A few weeks earlier, in Germany, a woman’s death became the first fatality initially attributed to a ransomware attack, although the link was later disproved. Earlier in October, facilities in Oregon, New York, Michigan, Wisconsin and California also fell prey to suspected ransomware attacks.

Ransomware is also partly to blame for some of the nearly 700 private health information breaches, affecting about 46.6 million people and currently being investigated by the federal government. In the hands of a criminal, a single patient record — rich with details about a person’s finances, insurance and medical history — can sell for upward of $1,000 on the black market, experts say.

Over the course of 2020, many hospitals postponed technology upgrades or cybersecurity training that would help protect them from the newest wave of attacks, said health care security consultant Nick Culbertson.

“The amount of chaos that’s just coming to a head here is a real threat,” he said.

With COVID-19 infections and hospitalizations climbing nationwide, experts say health care providers are dangerously vulnerable to attacks on their ability to function efficiently and manage limited resources.

Even a small technical disruption can quickly ripple out into patient care when a center’s capacity is stretched thin, said Vanderbilt University’s Eric Johnson, who studies the health impacts of cyberattacks.

“November has been a month of escalating demands on hospitals,” he said. “There’s no room for error. From a hacker’s perspective, it’s perfect.”

A ‘call to arms’ for hospitals

The day after the Oct. 28 cyberattack, 53-year-old Joel Bedard, of Jericho, arrived for a scheduled appointment at the Burlington hospital.

He was able to get in, he said, because his fluid-draining treatment is not high-tech, and is something he’s gotten regularly as he waits for a liver transplant.

“I got through, they took care of me, but man, everything is down,” Bedard said. He said he saw no other patients that day. Much of the medical staff idled, doing crossword puzzles and explaining they were forced to document everything by hand.

“All the students and interns are, like, ‘How did this work back in the day?’” he said.

Since the attack, the Burlington-based hospital network has referred all questions about its technical details to the FBI, which has refused to release any additional information, citing an ongoing criminal investigation. Officials don’t believe any patient suffered immediate harm, or that any personal patient information was compromised.

But more than a month later, the hospital is still recovering.

Some employees have been furloughed until they can return to their regular duties.

Oncologists could not access older patient scans which could help them, for example, compare tumor size over time.

And, until recently, emergency department clinicians could take X-rays of broken bones but couldn’t electronically send the images to radiologists at other sites in the health network.

“We didn’t even have internet,” said Dr. Kristen DeStigter, chair of UVM Medical Center’s radiology department.

Soldiers with the state’s National Guard cyber unit have helped hospital IT workers scour the programming code in hundreds of computers and other devices, line-by-line, to wipe any remaining malicious code that could re-infect the system. Many have been brought back online, but others were replaced entirely.

Col. Christopher Evans said it’s the first time the unit, which was founded about 20 years ago, has been called upon to perform what the guard calls “a real-world” mission. “We have been training for this day for a very long time,” he said.

It could be several more weeks before all the related damage is repaired and the systems are operating normally again, Gobeille said.

“I don’t want to get peoples’ hopes up and be wrong,” he said. “Our folks have been working 24/7. They are getting closer and closer every day.”

It will be a scramble for other health care providers to protect themselves against the growing threat of cyberattacks if they haven’t already, said data security expert Larry Ponemon.

“It’s not like hospital systems need to do something new,” he said. “They just need to do what they should be doing anyway.”

Current industry reports indicate health systems spend only 4% to 7% of their IT budget on cybersecurity, whereas other industries like banking or insurance spend three times as much.

Research by Ponemon’s consulting firm shows only about 15% of health care organizations have adopted the technology, training and procedures necessary to manage and thwart the stream of cyberattacks they face on a regular basis.

“The rest are out there flying with their head down. That number is unacceptable,” Ponemon said. “It’s a pitiful rate.”

And it’s part of why cybercriminals have focused their attention on health care organizations — especially now, as hospitals across the country are coping with a surge of COVID-19 patients, he said.

“We’re seeing true clinical impact,” said health care cybersecurity consultant Dan L. Dodson. “This is a call to arms.”

More must-read tech coverage from Fortune:

  • Robinhood’s next adventure: Stealing market share from the rich
  • Why the power to change the female-founder double standard rests with VCs
  • Quantum computing is entering a new dimension
  • How Chinese phonemaker Xiaomi conquered India—and outperformed Apple
  • Google ethics researcher’s departure renews worries the company is silencing whistleblowers



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In face of ‘grim’ jobs report, Biden backs more COVID-19 aid – Long Island Business News


President-elect Joe Biden is predicting the economic crisis brought on by the coronavirus pandemic will only get worse if Congress doesn’t act quickly to pass an aid bill, amid a nationwide spike in the virus that’s hampering the nation’s recovery.

Biden delivered remarks Friday afternoon reacting to November’s national jobs report, which showed a sharp decrease in U.S. hiring even as the nation is about 10 million jobs below pre-pandemic levels. The Democrat called the report “dire” and said it “shows the economy is stalling,” but he said quick action from Congress can halt some of the damage.

“If we act now, I mean now, we can begin to regain momentum and start to build back a better future,” he said. “There’s no time to lose.”

Surging cases of the virus have led states and municipalities to roll back their re-opening plans. And more restrictions may be on the way as colder temperatures and holiday travel lead to new records for confirmed cases and deaths.

“This is a grim jobs report,” Biden said in a statement ahead of his speech. “It shows an economy that is stalling. It confirms we remain in the midst of one of the worst economic and jobs crises in modern history.”

While Biden has thrown his support behind a bipartisan economic relief bill of about $900 billion, he has said much more will be needed once he takes office next year.

“Congress and President Trump must get a deal done for the American people,” Biden said. “But any package passed in the lame duck session is not enough. It’s just the start.”





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Jaxson Kirkwood, Montgomery White, Emmanuel Umunakwe face court over Weston skatepark fight | The Canberra Times


news, crime, Weston skatepark, Jaxson Kirkwood, Montgomery White, Emmanuel Umunakwe

An 18-year-old fatally stabbed at Weston skatepark was grabbed and beaten by three men before another teenager landed the final blows, police allege. Jaxson Dillon Kirkwood, 25, Emmanuel Umunakwe, 19, Montgomery Cole White, 18, and another 18-year-old are the latest people to have been arrested over an alleged incident at the skatepark. They all fronted the ACT courts on Friday and were granted bail, which prosecutors did not oppose. Mr White pleaded not guilty to affray, common assault by joint commission and damaging property by joint commission, while Mr Kirkwood and Mr Umunakwe did not enter pleas to the same charges. The other 18-year-old did not enter a plea to one charge of being knowingly concerned with affray. He cannot be named because he was 17 at the time of the incident. Police say the group of four were among several people who, on September 27, turned up at Weston skatepark after hearing about a fight that was meant to take place between two teenagers. They allege Mr Kirkwood, Mr White and the 18-year-old attended after Mr Umunakwe spoke to one of the teenagers, who requested back up at the fight in case “things went south”. The teenager who requested backup after agreeing to the fight has not been before the courts. The other teenager who agreed to fight, a 16-year-old, was driven to the skatepark by his 18-year-old cousin. The 16-year-old ended up with two stab wounds. The 18-year-old ended up with six stab wounds, dead on the ground near a car. When the cousins arrived at the skatepark, it’s alleged three young people – including the alleged murderer – approached the 16-year-old cousin on the passenger’s side of the car and engaged in a “physical altercation” with him. It’s alleged that, in the meantime, the four men who faced court on Friday – Mr Kirkwood, Mr White, Mr Umunakwe and the 18-year-old who cannot be named – approached the driver’s side of the car, where the 18-year-old cousin was. Police say Mr White opened the car door and another physical altercation ensued, in which Mr White punched the 18-year-old victim in his head and rib. Mr Kirkwood allegedly punched the 18-year-old victim about five times and Mr Umunakwe grabbed his arms from behind to stop him fighting back. After Mr Kirkwood, Mr White and Mr Umunakwe armed themselves with a pickaxe, shovel and a plastic rake, respectively, they allegedly hit the car and then left. One of the cousins, the 16-year-old, had fled the fight on foot, but later came back and found his 18-year-old cousin dead near the car. READ MORE: Police allege a 16-year-old boy who at first took aim at the youngest cousin later turned on the eldest and stabbed him to death. The accused killer has pleaded not guilty to four charges including murder and affray and the matter is before the ACT Children’s Court. When Magistrate James Stewart granted Mr White bail on Friday, he warned the 18-year-old: “You’re only young, you need to understand these charges are serious.” He said “bail is precious”, and noted both Mr White and Mr Kirkwood would next appear in court on February 23. Mr Umunakwe’s lawyer, Kate Gunther, told the magistrate her client’s matter had prospects of resolving, so Mr Umunakwe is due back in court on January 15. The other 18-year-old is due back in the ACT Children’s Court on February 22, when the alleged murderer and another teenager charged with affray are also due to appear.

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Henry brothers prepare to face off in AFL


AFL draft prospect Oliver Henry dreams of lining up alongside older brother Jack in Geelong’s hoops but will settle for resuming their backyard tussles in different colours.

The Henry boys grew up a stone’s throw from Kardinia Park, barracking for the Cats and playing for St Mary’s, then Geelong Falcons – in between competing for household honours.

“He always had a foot (of height) on me in the backyard,” Oliver Henry said.

“So I’ve grown up with a bit of a tough edge, I guess, knowing that he’s always battered me up.”

Key defender Jack, 22, is a regular member of Geelong’s back six, while his similarly high-leaping younger brother has predominantly played forward – basing his game on Collingwood star Jeremy Howe.

Playing against his older brother appears the most likely draft outcome for Oliver, given he is rated as a potential first-round pick and Geelong don’t have a selection until the second round.

The junior Henry is also set for a very different experience to his more experience sibling, who missed out on draft night in 2016 and had to wait until pick 16 in that year’s rookie draft to land at the Cats.

“Jack’s draft week was a bit different to mine I guess – he got picked up in the rookie draft and it was a bit bigger of a draft,” Henry said.

“He just said ‘really just control what you can, enjoy it because you’re not going to get this time again’.

“So that’s what I’m doing and I’m ready for whatever will happen.”

While admitting it was “difficult” watching from afar as Jack fought his way through to an AFL grand final in Queensland, along with missing his face-to-face guidance in his draft year, Oliver takes pride in his older brother’s achievements.

“He’s showed me you can progress and do things people might not have thought,” Henry said.

“He’s a role model of mine and I’ve always aspired to be like him.”





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Familiar face steps up as Lions’ new football boss


By Michael Whiting

Chris Fagan’s ‘right-hand man’ will take over from the departed David Noble as Brisbane’s football boss

DANNY Daly is Brisbane’s new general manager of football, taking over from David Noble following his recent appointment as North Melbourne’s coach.

Daly enters the role after six seasons on the Lions’ coaching panel, the past four as Chris Fagan’s head of strategy and right-hand man.

The 54-year-old has filled a variety of roles in his 20 years in the AFL from opposition scout and welfare manager to a range of different coaching positions. 

He has previously worked at Collingwood, North Melbourne and Richmond. 

“I’m very excited about being given the opportunity to lead our footy department,” Daly said. 

“I am filling some big shoes and hopefully I can put my stamp on the role.” 

He said while he loved the tactical side of coaching, his ambition had always been to take on a senior football operations role. 

“When you are a coach, people always wonder if you want to be a senior coach, but I have always wanted to be a footy manager, that’s always been a dream of mine,” he said.

Brisbane CEO Greg Swann said the club had looked internally and externally to fill the role. 

“We knew what we needed and believe Danny’s experience and skill-set is exactly what we are looking for,” Swann said. 

“He’s done just about every job in footy, so he knows the industry inside and out. 

“And he has a terrific relationship, not just with Chris and our coaches and players, but our entire staff, and we believe he will do a terrific job.”





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Migrant women face struggle to escape hidden nightmare of domestic violence in Australia


Kicked, beaten, strangled and even stabbed — this is the reality for many women abused by their own husbands behind closed doors in Australia, away from their home countries.

Family and domestic violence does not discriminate, but its occurrence in migrant and multicultural communities is often hidden and sometimes even considered to be the norm or part of marriage.

This is how migrant women from across various cultures are being primed for a life of abuse and violence.

Despite the cultural barriers restricting them from reaching out, a growing number of women are defying those norms.

Nora, who had a daughter with her ex-husband, says she “knew something was not right” early on.(ABC News: Herlyn Kaur)

Originally from Indonesia, Nora* met her now ex-partner on holiday in Perth.

She fell pregnant with their first child shortly afterwards, before going back to Indonesia to get married.

The couple eventually decided to settle down in Perth.

“I came here and I knew something was not right,” Nora recalled.

Isolated from her family back home, without any support and not knowing who to turn to, Nora kept the abuse to herself for years.

A woman sits on a swing with her daughter.
Nora says her ex-husband became violent when she refused his advances.(ABC News: Herlyn Kaur)

“I think the shame [was the main thing]. I don’t want my dad, my family to tell me ‘I told you so’, so that’s why I have been keeping it a secret.

“It’s eating me up, really. It hurts.

“I know what my family is like, that’s why I don’t want to tell them.

“They’re going to blame me for leaving. They’d be like, ‘well, maybe you should’ve tried different things, because that’s not what Muslim women do, maybe you should do what your husband tells you’. So I just don’t want to tell them.”

Having seen abuse as a child, what Nora experienced was not unfamiliar to her.

“I grew up literally seeing my aunty being beaten up by my uncle and no-one says anything,” she said.

‘He married me to exploit me’

Unfortunately, Nora’s story is far from uncommon.

Having left her home country of Ghana, Gabrielle* also moved to Perth when she married her now ex-husband, after meeting him when he was on holiday in Africa.

A photo in profile from behind of a woman looking out a window.
Gabrielle says she suffered racism at the hands of her husband and his family.(ABC News: Herlyn Kaur)

She said the abuse was gradual and started when she fell pregnant.

“He married me to exploit me sexually for his own selfish reasons, and when I said no, the abuse [would] escalate,” she said.

Gabrielle believes she was also never accepted by her then in-laws and was mistreated purely because of her ethnicity.

“They treated me like a piece of furniture, just because I’m black,” she said.

“It wasn’t hidden. They were very racist.”

Being so far removed from her family, Gabrielle said the isolation made everything worse.

“It took me three years to tell them … because I didn’t want my dad to say ‘I told her so’,” she said.

While Gabrielle still fears for the safety of her son and herself, her only regret is not having left sooner.

‘Saved’ by move to Australia

Afghani migrant Mina* immigrated to Perth seven years ago from Iran.

Up until about a year ago, when she decided to leave her marriage, Mina endured decades of physical, emotional and financial abuse from her ex-husband, who was also allegedly having affairs with other women.

A woman wearing a headscarf sits on a couch.
Mina says her abuse included being stabbed, kicked and thrown from a motorbike.(ABC News: Herlyn Kaur)

She told the ABC her story via an interpreter.

“The abuse continued for many years and in Perth as well … I didn’t have anyone to support me … I had to put up with beatings.

“He stabbed me twice on the thigh and back … there are still scars there.

“I was seven months’ pregnant when he kicked me in the stomach … I was pregnant again when he threw me from a motorbike.”

Mina believes that moving to Australia saved her life.

“Multiple times it occurred to me to go to the police, but it’s very apparent and obvious in Iran that there’s no such support from the authorities and the police for women.

“If you go to the police, usually they’re men and to get help or for them to listen to you, you’ve either got to bribe them or know someone high up to get your voice heard.

“If I told the hospital staff I had been beaten and there was police involvement, and if my husband found out I had told them, he could’ve killed me.”

‘There were bruises everywhere’

Mina’s main support system now lies within a network of social workers, psychologists and other domestic violence survivors at Ishar Multicultural Women’s Health Centre in Mirrabooka.

It’s where Sushila* sought refuge, too.

She got married in India to a man she knew for years and thought she had known well enough.

A woman sits on a couch with her hands clasped in her lap.
Just a day after their marriage, Sushila says her husband became abusive.(ABC News: Herlyn Kaur)

“He proposed, he said he loved me, he wanted to marry me … I said, okay, family agrees, I’ll say yes,” Sushila recalls.

“I was in my late 20s, and in India you get married at 18 … so my mum was really, really worried about when [I was] going to get married, and she knew that he was in my life.”

Sushila doesn’t recall ever seeing any red flags before marrying him, but that quickly changed.

“It was a shock for me, and I was like, ‘oh, I didn’t sign up for this’.

“I remember one day, he bashed me so much … I went upstairs, I looked in the mirror and I was black and blue. There were bruises everywhere.”

In Sushila’s culture, married women are usually expected to live with their husband’s family, which only added to her grief.

She was expected to cook three meals a day for everyone, clean the house and work full time.

“I felt as if I was treated like a servant,” she said.

Limited knowledge of rights a problem

A common thread throughout these women’s stories is how their upbringing, culture and communities back home influenced their decision to put up with the abuse.

The very idea of even confiding in someone about the horrific violence they experienced, let alone reaching out for help, was incomprehensible.

A silhouetted woman sits on the ground holding head in her hands.
There are concerns about an increase in the number of migrant women seeking help to escape domestic violence.(ABC News: Margaret Burin)

“My upbringing was, if you’re married, you have to do all that you can to maintain your marriage,” Sushila said.

“Once you get married, you are married, and once you leave your husband, you leave when you’re dead.

“So that’s the kind of attitude and things that I grew up with.

At Ishar Multicultural Women’s Health Centre, women from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds are able to seek help and find support for various issues.

Ishar’s services include assistance in filing violence restraining orders (VROs) and understanding women’s rights in Australia, along with providing counselling and access to support workers.

Over the last several years, Ishar has seen a major increase in the number of women seeking help.

There are now more than 300 women it supports for family and domestic violence (FDV) related issues, compared to 89 women in 2018.

On average, the centre assists 12 new women per month who are experiencing FDV.

Ishar chief executive Andrea Creado said police data and general statistics did not reflect the true number of CALD women experiencing FDV, because many women were hesitant to report abuse due to cultural stigma and lack of knowledge regarding services.

“COVID-19 restrictions saw FDV increase by 5 per cent in the general population according to the police. At Ishar our services increased by 20 per cent,” she said.

“Many of the women involved have only recently arrived in Australia.

“They have very limited English, are without knowledge of the rights of women in Australia and may still require the assistance of interpreters.

“Abusive partners restrict access to English language classes as a form of isolation and control.”

‘No right to work, no right to be here’

On the outskirts of Perth, Koolkuna Women’s Refuge has seen a growing number of women seeking help over recent years, particularly migrant women.

Mary, who is operational manager at Eastern Region DV Services — and asked for her surname not to be published for safety reasons — said the types of cases she saw were often strikingly similar.

A woman wearing a brown and white floral top sits in front of a computer.
Mary, from Eastern Region DV Services, says a shortage of affordable housing is part of the problem.(ABC News: Herlyn Kaur)

“We have women who come to us and they are married, their husband is a permanent resident, they’ve been married for a few years with maybe one child living in their home country,” she said.

“The husband brings the child out on an Australian passport because he can, and he brings his wife out on a tourist visa, which allows her no rights in this country at all.

“It’s everything about abuse rolled in one. It’s physical, financial, emotional — I mean, it takes her rights away completely.

“So a big question for me is, how [the Department of] Immigration think that’s okay?”

As with many shelters for women escaping abusive relationships, Mary has seen countless women with children who have been on the brink of homelessness, with almost zero options for help.

She said because many migrant women had children in Australia with their abusive partners, legally they would not be allowed to go back to their country of origin without the approval of their partners, leaving them trapped.

That, coupled with their lack of spoken English, made their journey of navigating the system to escape the violence and abuse all the more gruelling.

“It’s particularly difficult because they’re not eligible to go on any housing list, they’re not eligible for any income,” Mary said.

“If they’re lucky, they’ll qualify for a family tax benefit for their children and only that.

“I think there’s a real need for more housing, more affordable housing … that’s not just for women in domestic violence situations, it’s right across the board.

“I think people need to have a safe place to live first and then you can work with everything else after that.”

155 nights spent in refuge

Koolkuna Women’s Refuge chief executive Robyn Fitall said the facility was only able to accommodate four families at a time, which often meant many had to be turned away when their rooms were full.

A photo of a woman with long hair standing in front of a bookshelf.
Robyn Fitall, from Koolkuna Women’s Refuge, says many women have no other housing options.(ABC News: Herlyn Kaur)

Ms Fitall said non-CALD women stayed an average of 32 nights, compared to 46 nights for CALD women, with the longest stay being 155 nights.

“No one is interested in making someone homeless, therefore we have to hang on to these women a lot longer because they have no housing options, they have no financial standing,” she said.

“We struggle to get that support for them, financially, to be able to achieve those goals. Couple that with Australian-born children … and then that restrictiveness on how they can return home, and potentially what that could look like for them.

*Names have been changed to protect the safety and identity of domestic violence survivors.



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Fast-food outlet to face court over underpayments


A fast-food outlet in Brisbane’s West End is set to face the Federal Circuit Court for alleged underpayments. The Fair Work Ombudsman alleges that SMC Food Truck Pty Ltd underpaid casual employees between October 2018 and February 2020.

The allegation comes on the back of audits made by the FWO of 44 fast food, café and restaurant businesses in the West End food precinct between December 2018 and March 2020.

The inspector believed casual employees had been underpaid their casual, overtime, weekend and public holiday entitlements under the Fast Food Industry Award 2010 and issued a Compliance Notice to the operator as a result.

However, the company, without reasonable excuse, allegedly failed to comply with the Compliance Notice which required it to calculate and back-pay the workers’ entitlements.

In line with the FWO’s proportionate approach to regulation during the COVID-19 pandemic, the FWO made several attempts to secure voluntary compliance before commencing legal action.

The FWO is seeking a penalty against SMC Food Truck, which can amount to $31,500 maximum. The regulator is also seeking a court order for the company to comply with the Compliance Notice, which includes rectifying any underpayments in full, plus superannuation and interest.





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Jones’ England to face France in Cup final


England will face France in the Autumn Nations Cup at Twickenham next week after Les Bleus thrashed Italy 36-5 in Paris on Saturday.

On the night that they remembered Christophe Dominici, who died at the age of 48 this week, France looked to a new generation as a side featuring 13 changes made light work of the Azzuri.

The players wore his nickname ‘Domi’ on their left sleeves and a giant photo of Dominici covered a section of the empty Stade de France stands.

“He had the gift of sharing,” former teammate Vincent Clerc said on French television.

“He was someone we liked having next to us.”

The visitors briefly led 5-3 when Carlo Canna ran in a 24th-minute try, but they were Italy’s only points of the night.

Jonathan Danty got his first France try in the 35th minute, Gavin Villiere scored on debut in the 55th, before experienced players Baptiste Serin, Teddy Thomas and Sekou Macalou also crossed.

England coach Eddie Jones compared Wales’ threat of a comeback in his side’s 24-13 victory at Parc y Scarlets to watching the horror film ‘Psycho’.

An 11-7 lead failed to reflect the visitors’ control of the first half and a hard-fought third quarter was fraught with danger as Wayne Pivac’s men threatened a comeback when successive Dan Biggar penalties reduced the deficit to 18-13.

But England powered home through the boot of Owen Farrell to secure their place in the decider, which will be played in front of 2,000 fans next Sunday.

“At halftime it could have been a ‘Psycho’ horror movie. The woman goes to the shower and you know what’s coming from behind the shower curtain,” head coach Jones said.

“We had one little wonky period for around 10 minutes in the second half but generally we had game control so I was really pleased about that.”

England’s last defeat was against France at the start of the 2020 Six Nations – a competition they subsequently won – and since then they have compiled a series of solid if unspectacular wins.

Jones, who saw Henry Slade and Mako Vunipola touch down for his pre-match favourites, wants to end the year with a bang.

“We don’t feel like we’ve played our best rugby yet so it’s our last game. It’s our grand final of 2020 and we want to make sure we put on our best performance,” Jones added.





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