Lesbian couple demand equal fertility treatment from NHS – Channel 4 News

They just want to become mothers, but say they’re being discriminated against because of their sexuality.

YouTube stars Megan and Whitney have launched a campaign demanding equal fertility treatment – after they were told they’d have to pay up to £30,000 to a private clinic before they could get any help from the NHS.

Minnie Stephenson has been talking to lesbian couples about the growing demands to end what they see as a “gay tax”.

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IVF demand in Western Australian fertility clinics surge during COVID-19 pandemic

Fertility clinics across Western Australia are reporting a jump in enquiries and treatments since the start of the coronavirus pandemic.

Steven Junk, a scientific director at clinics in Denmark on WA’s south coast and Joondalup near Perth, said since COVID-19 restrictions had eased there had been a marked upswing in demand.

The Denmark clinic recorded a 30 per cent increase in bookings.

Dr Steven Junk said he believed couples were reassessing what was important to them.(Supplied: Fertility Great Southern)

Dr Junk said clinics were forced to close for six weeks during strict lockdowns earlier this year.

“We got an inundation when that shutdown finished,” he said.

“Everyone is busy, it’s caught everyone by surprise.

“It’s continued on busily at most clinics across Australian since then.”

Couples reassessing lifestyle

Dr Junk said he believed couples were reassessing what was important to them.

“There’s a lot of people that, during shutdown, were re-thinking what they wanted, what was important in their life,” he said.

Dr Junk said he expected the demand to continue for at least a year.

“It’ll be interesting to see next year how things will pan out, [whether] it just keeps getting busier and busier at all clinics,” he said.

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Treasury stops pretending Australia’s fertility rate will rise

The Morrison Government’s hottest Economic Assertion signifies that it has now accepted Australia’s fertility is in decrease, writes Abul Rizvi.

The headlines are focusing on the forecast for inhabitants progress charge forecast for 2020-21 staying the cheapest given that 1916-17 and net abroad migration being the cheapest since 1975-76. But the seriously significant extensive-time period growth from the Government’s Financial Assertion is that the Treasurer and his Department have stopped pretending Australia’s fertility charge will increase and now acknowledge it is slipping and will drop even more (see Chart 1 underneath).

The Governing administration may possibly also now abandon its studious avoidance of the population ageing situation reflected in its 2019 Finances and 10-12 months approach.

As I have mentioned in advance of, it was often really unlikely Australia’s fertility charge would increase to 1.9 toddlers per woman as forecast in the 2019 Budget. Treasury is now utilizing the protect of COVID-19 to prevent accountability for this.

Treasury is aware that Australia’s fertility amount is probable to tumble underneath 1.7 babies per female. In the future several years, this may possibly tumble down below 1.6 babies for every girl if higher prices of unemployment, small wages growth and poor coverage assistance for people seeking to have little ones keep on.

In truth, it is attainable Australia might fall into the “reduced fertility trap” along with lots of other created nations now in that entice.

The small fertility lure has three proportions:

  • Populace ageing involved with reduced fertility by itself minimizes the range of potential moms and retains fertility minimal
  • The best household measurement is joined to the smaller family sizing of preceding cohorts – the small children of the child boomers have increasingly adopted smaller family members – this is possible to proceed and
  • Fertility is the outcome of aspirations and anticipated money – as aspirations increase whilst the envisioned money of young cohorts falls, lower fertility is further reinforced. Governing administration plan supporting people is also pertinent to this.

All a few elements result in a downwards spiral in fertility.

Population ageing could be affecting Australia’s economic performance

The final result of persistently lower fertility is ideal highlighted in Japan, where by substantial initiatives to improve fertility have largely unsuccessful — Japan’s fertility level in 2018 was 1.42 babies for every girl and is described to have fallen more in 2019.

As a result of this and Japan’s lower charge of immigration, its median age is now an incredible 47 in comparison to Australia’s 37. The financial and budgetary implications of ageing in Japan have been significant.

That South Korea’s fertility fee achieved an unbelievable .92 toddlers for every lady in 2019, after remaining .98 infants for each woman in 2018, exhibits what can transpire if governments are unsuccessful to act properly on this critical challenge. This stage of fertility, mixed with its median age now becoming over 43, means South Korea faces an amazing amount of inhabitants ageing in advance of its overall populace goes into immediate drop — a charge of population drop that may possibly finally be even steeper than that of Japan.

The Morrison Government’s current conclusion to withdraw assist for childcare is an illustration of a federal government that is not shelling out focus to the lengthy-term affect of minimal fertility and inhabitants ageing.

The other component driving population ageing is the level and composition of web abroad migration.

The Government is now forecasting web overseas migration in 2020-21 will be close to 31,000. But even that may perhaps be optimistic as it relies on worldwide borders opening in January and a sizeable surge in abroad student arrivals. That is assumed to guidance universities struggling from a decline of profits from student fees and the Government denying them obtain to JobKeeper.

Praise and regret for the casual worker

If international borders do not re-open from January 2021, net overseas migration may possibly mirror the stage of persons motion in the three months to June 2020. In excess of the three months to June 2020, aggregate net movements were destructive 72,310. That features a internet maximize in returning Australian citizens.

Though not all of these actions would have impacted internet abroad migration for the reason that they did not fulfill the 12 months out of 16 months rule, the actions in later on months will have increasingly impacted net abroad migration as students full their reports and leave Australia if they are unable to secure a publish-review job and have restricted means of survival.

This adverse web movement pattern will probable carry on at the very least until finally intercontinental borders are re-opened as extra and more unemployed short-term entrants find they are unable to endure on charity.

In the longer-term, web abroad migration will get better but will not get to the incredible degrees forecast in the 2019 Spending plan. On my calculations, net abroad migration is unlikely to arrive at significantly earlier mentioned 175,000 for each annum. That is about 100,000 for every annum a lot less than forecast in the 2019 Budget.

Blended with declining fertility, that indicates Australia’s populace will age a great deal more speedily than the assumptions in the 2019 Funds would have shipped.

As the experience of Japan displays, that has prolonged-time period economic and funds expenses which recommend chat of “repaying federal government credit card debt” is just a fantasy, as is the Primary Minister’s aspiration of normal yearly true economic growth of 3.75 for each cent.

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Abul Rizvi is an Independent Australia columnist and a former Deputy Secretary of the Division of Immigration, at this time undertaking a PhD on Australia’s immigration guidelines. You can observe Abul on Twitter @RizviAbul.

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Optimising male fertility – Your Health

Preparing for pregnancy isn’t just something for the girls. Fertility problems are equally likely to occur in men as women.

The good news is that there are a number of things that men can do to improve fertility and increase the chances of conceiving a healthy baby.

Here are the habits that matter most:

  • If you smoke, quit. Both active and passive smoking harms sexual and reproductive health in both men and women. For men, it can damage sperm DNA and increase the chances of miscarriage and likelihood of your child developing childhood cancer.
  • Limit or avoid alcohol. Alcohol, particularly daily consumption and binge drinking, reduces fertility. If you choose to drink while trying to conceive, do so in moderation.
  • Keep your weight healthy. Carrying excess weight is associated with reduced sperm concentration and mobility, damage to sperm DNA and changes in reproductive hormones, all of which can affect fertility.
  • Exercise regularly. Spending too long sitting can affect sperm quality and reduce sperm production. Regular exercise has many health benefits and improving sperm quality is one of them!
  • Eat a healthy diet. Diets high in antioxidant-rich plant foods including fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds, and low in saturated fat, are associated with improved sperm quality.
  • Avoid recreational drugs such as marijuana and cocaine, which can decrease sperm quantity and increase the number of abnormal sperm.
  • Don’t misuse anabolic steroids (e.g. for body-building purposes) as they can lead to shrunken testicles and stop sperm production.
  • Have frequent sex. It’s a myth that sperm becomes more potent if a man abstains from sex or ejaculation. On the contrary, sperm that is stored for too long in the testicles can become damaged. So if you are trying for a baby, it is recommended that you ejaculate or have sex 2-3 times per week.
  • Keep them cool. Sperm production is optimal when the temperature inside your scrotum is cool so choose boxer shorts or underwear with fabrics that allow for good airflow.
  • Review your medications. If you take any prescription medications, check with your doctor if they could affect fertility and may need changing while you are trying to conceive.
  • Minimise exposure to environmental chemicals. Chemicals that you may be exposed to at work or in daily life can affect your sperm, including pesticides, heavy metals, some chemicals and plastics and radiation. Try to limit your exposure to these and wear protective clothing if you are trying to conceive.

For more information:
Preconception Health for Men 

References and further reading:
Salas-Huetos A1,2, Bulló M1,2, Salas-Salvadó J1, Dietary patterns, foods and nutrients in male fertility parameters and fecundability: a systematic review of observational studies. Hum Reprod Update. 2017 Jul 1;23(4):371-389.

Ricci E1, Al-Beitawi S2, Cipriani S1, Alteri A2, Chiaffarino F1, Candiani M3, Gerli S4, Viganó P2, Parazzini F1,5. Dietary habits and semen parameters: a systematic narrative review. Andrology. 2018 Jan;6(1):104-116.

Ricci E1, Al Beitawi S2, Cipriani S3, Candiani M2, Chiaffarino F3, Viganò P4, Noli S3, Parazzini F3. Semen quality and alcohol intake: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Reprod Biomed Online. 2017 Jan;34(1):38-47.

Sharma R1, Harlev A2, Agarwal A3, Esteves SC4. Cigarette Smoking and Semen Quality: A New Meta-analysis Examining the Effect of the 2010 World Health Organization Laboratory Methods for the Examination of Human Semen. Eur Urol. 2016 Oct;70(4):635-645.

Christou MA1,2, Christou PA1, Markozannes G2, Tsatsoulis A1, Mastorakos G3, Tigas S4. Effects of Anabolic Androgenic Steroids on the Reproductive System of Athletes and Recreational Users: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Sports Med. 2017 Sep;47(9):1869-1883.

Liu Y1, Ding Z2. Obesity, a serious etiologic factor for male subfertility in modern society. Reproduction. 2017 Oct;154(4):R123-R131.

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