The loss of a partnership with the AFL would show that mining giant Rio Tinto had lost the company’s “social licence” in Australia, according to leading Indigenous academic and activist Professor Marcia Langton.
Langton, the foundation chair in Indigenous studies at Melbourne University in faculty of medicine, said the AFL and the NRL were leaders in “closing the gap”, with up to 12 per cent of their players having Indigenous backgrounds and called an AFL withdrawal from Rio Tinto “an acute sign” that the company had lost its social licence.
“If they’ve been deserted by the AFL, then they’ve lost their social licence to operate [in Australia],” said Langton, responding to The Age‘s report on Tuesday that the AFL was set to end a decade-long partnership with Rio Tinto over the company’s destruction of a sacred site in the Pilbara at Juukan Gorge in Western Australia in May – a decision, yet to be officially ratified, that will cost the AFL close to $1.5 million’s worth of Indigenous programs and sponsorship unless it finds a replacement.
Langton, who has made two submissions to the senate inquiry into the Rio Tinto incident and has had extensive experience in the mining industry’s relationship with Indigenous people, said to operate a “social licence” meant having “the standing and approval of the Australian people and the Australian government in how they operate”.
“Here in Victoria, there is no acknowledgement of this problem by the politicians and no effort to re-train the police force to stop them from killing us,” Professor Langton said.
Professor Langton was celebrated in the Queen’s Birthday Honours for her decades of work as an anthropologist, educator, prominent advocate and revered community leader.
“I believe we’re all one species and we all have the same potentialities,” she said.
“There are people who don’t believe that and they actually threaten our society, they threaten our democracy, they threaten our health — racism has an enormous impact on one’s health.”
Minister for Indigenous Australians Ken Wyatt acknowledged there was more the Government could do to address Aboriginal deaths in custody but said the responsibility for incarceration rates rested largely with the states.
“I certainly will make every endeavour with my agency and with the relevant state and territory ministers to look at what we can collectively do.” Mr Wyatt said.
“The trouble is that jails are in all reality managed by states and territory jurisdiction, but collectively as leaders there are things that we need to revisit and consider and that would include looking at the triage process for Aboriginal people presenting in hospitals whilst they are in custody.”
On social media, Mr Wyatt defended the Federal Government’s record, citing the findings of a review of the implementation of the royal commission’s recommendations, conducted by Deloitte in October 2018.
“Seventy-eight per cent of the 339 recommendations have been fully or mostly implemented; 16 per cent partially implemented; and 6 per cent not implemented,” he tweeted in a seven-part thread on the issue.
“Around 90 per cent of recommendations relating to the safety of Indigenous Australians taken into custody have been fully or mostly implemented.”
Mr Wyatt said the Federal Government had “fully or mostly implemented 91 per cent of recommendations” for which it had responsibility.
But the Deloitte review was limited to looking at whether actions had been taken on the recommendations, not what outcomes those actions achieved, and was criticised by many academics.
It also concluded that “while there have been positive steps, it is clear that further work is still required to successfully address the disproportionately high, and growing, rates of incarceration among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people”.
‘Complete silence’ on law reform
Prominent human rights lawyer Hannah McGlade joined calls for urgent state and commonwealth action following the unprecedented turnout at rallies this weekend.
“The momentum and the groundswell have been so strong, as shown by these rallies, but I really hope that this is going to be a turning point for Australia because we can’t have reconciliation without human rights being respected,” she said.
Dr McGlade was an advisory member to the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC) of Inquiry into Indigenous Incarceration and said the report tabled to Parliament in March 2018 had been ignored.
“One of the key recommendations being that states and territories should establish the Aboriginal justice advisory committees,” she said.
“We are seeing mass incarceration of Indigenous people. It is a pretty simple response that governments could implement. We’re not seeing that at all.”
She called for funding for new prison facilities to be diverted to crime prevention programs.
“Here is a new super-max prison built in Western Australia to house all the Aboriginal men, women and children,” she said.
“There has been ample evidence to the Australian Government that Aboriginal people need culturally informed healing-based programs, that discrimination is rife, including in the police force.”
Dr McGlade said she hoped the turnout of Australians on the weekend would lead to policy change.
Professor Langton said Australia should not import all the elements of America’s struggle, as we had a strong reconciliation movement which was working towards educating the larger population.
“I think the genuine commitment of ordinary Australians to getting past the old way of doing things, makes us very different from America,” she said.
“I would say 50 to 60 per cent of Australians, from the polls that I’ve seen, just want everybody to stop being racist, be nice to each other and get on with it.”
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