Nepal depicts Indian areas as its own in book | India News


Three months after passing an amendment to sanction a new political map that identifies Indian territory in Uttarakhand’s Pithoragarh as its own, Nepal has inscribed the changes in its academic curriculum and currency.
The office of Nepal education minister Giriraj Mani Pokharel confirmed to TOI the book, ‘Nepalko Bhubhaag Ra Seemasambandhi Swadhyay Samagri (Nepal’s geography and territorial boundary)’ has been introduced for higher secondary school students. The preface has been written by Pokharel. The book includes the disputed area of Kalapani in Uttarakhand as Nepal’s territory. A source said it mentions Nepal has a geographical area of 1,47,641.28 sq km, of which 460 sq km is the Kalapani area.
The same day, the Nepal cabinet, headed by PM K P Oli, also gave permission to the country’s central bank, Nepal Rastra Bank, to mint new coins of one-rupee and two-rupee denominations with the new political map.
Sources said this was announced by the Nepal government spokesperson and foreign minister Pradeep Gyawali. In all likelihood, sources added, the new coins will be in circulation by Dussehra (Dashain, as it’s called there), celebrated as a major festival in the neighbouring country.
In November last year, Nepal had protested against the inauguration of a key Lipulekh road in Pithoragarh by Union defence minister Rajnath Singh, alleging that a part of the stretch passed through Nepal’s territory. After a renewed dispute over three areas — Limpiyadhura, Lipulekh and Kalapani — Nepal’s parliament unanimously voted to amend the Constitution to update the country’s map to include them as part of its land. The government had then announced that all documents will start using the new map.
So now, a source said, introduction of the map in school books and coins is “fully legal” because it follows what is a regular course of action. “The government has started the process of issuing the new maps to Nepal embassies and is introducing it in government gazettes as well,” the source added.
Many in Nepal, meanwhile, said the need for a resolution is getting more important by the day. “There have been misunderstandings between the two nations over the past few months. However, introducing a new Nepal map is a sovereign decision by the country,” Khadga KC, head of the department of international relations and diplomacy at Tribhuvan University, told TOI. “But I do believe that the issues should be resolved through dialogue and a solution must be found.”



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China getting safe passage to occupy Nepal territory with Oli support


The surveying and mapping department has reported that China has occupied villages in Gorkha and Darchula dist…Read More

KATHMANDU: China’s expansionist designs are going unchecked in Nepal as it is slowly and gradually encroaching Nepali land at multiple locations with the tacit support of the present dispensation headed by Prime Minister K P Sharma Oli.
According to a report by the Survey Department of Agriculture Ministry of Nepal, China has illegally occupied Nepali land at several places spread over seven border districts. The report stated Beijing is fast moving forward and further pushing Nepali boundaries by encroaching more and more landmass.
It is important to note that the data is being under-reported and the actual scenario could be worse as the Nepali Communist Party (NCP) is trying to shield the expansionist agenda of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).
It is believed that China has made inroads into several other areas of Nepal, occupied land, and slowly progressing within the country. Prime Minister KP Oli government has preferred to keep mum over the ‘illegal occupation’ of the village by China under fears of displeasing the CCP.
The Nepali districts which are victims of China’s land-grabbing plan including Dolakha, Gorkha, Darchula, Humla, Sindhupalchowk, Sankhuwasabha and Rasuwa.
According to the surveying and mapping department of Nepal, China has pushed the international boundary 1,500 meters towards Nepal in Dolakha.
It has pushed the boundary pillar Number 57 in the Korlang area in Dolakha, which was previously located at top of Korlang.
The pillar has been an issue of confrontation between the two countries and China pressurised the Nepali government not to sign the fourth protocol on resolving and managing border disputes between the two countries as China wanted to maintain the status quo and further transgress the boundary arrangements.
The surveying and mapping department has also reported that China has occupied Nepali villages in Gorkha and Darchula districts. Similar to Dolakha, China has relocated Boundary Pillar Numbers 35, 37 and 38 in Gorkha district and Boundary Pillar Number 62 in Nampa Bhanjyang in Solukhumbu.
The first three pillars were located in Gorkha’s Rui village and areas of Tom River. Though Nepal’s official map shows the village as a part of Nepali territory and citizens of the village have been paying taxes to Nepal government, China had occupied the region and merged it with the Tibet Autonomous Region of China in 2017.
Similarly, the Human Rights Commission has reported that a portion of the Jiujiu Village of Darchula has also been occupied by China.
Numerous houses that used to be a part of Nepal have been now taken over by China and assimilated into the Chinese territory.
Besides the reports of land grabbing by the two Nepali agencies, the Ministry of Agriculture also recently came up with a report highlighting multiple cases of land grabbing by China.
The ministry reported about China’s occupation of Nepali land in at least 11 places falling under four Nepali districts. Most of the areas occupied in these districts are catchment areas of rivers, including areas of Bhagdare river in Humla, Karnali river, Sanjen river, and Lemde river in Rasuwa; Bhurjug river, Kharane river, and Jambu river in Sindhupalchowk, Bhotekoshi river and Samjug river in Sankhuwasabha; Kamkhola river and Arun river.
Nepal has refrained itself from going ahead with the border talks with China since 2005 as the Nepali government does not want to offend China by reclaiming Nepali land and at the same time dodge criticism at the domestic front for losing territory to China. The Nepali government has also suspended the 2012 border talks to save itself from getting into an indecisive situation.
In June, members of the opposition Nepali Congress moved a resolution in the House of Representatives, the lower house of the Nepalese Parliament, asking the Oli government to restore the country’s territory, which had been encroached upon by China.
The Nepali Congress lawmakers alleged that China had encroached 64 hectares of land in Dolakha, Humla, Sindhupalchowk, Sankhuwasabha, Gorkha and Rasuwa districts of the country.
They alleged that few of the total 98 boundary pillars along the 1414.88 km long border between Nepal and China had gone missing while several others had been shifted inside the territory of Nepal.
Recent reports have suggested that the Chinese Communist Party has been dominating the decision-making processes in Nepal.
The Chinese ambassador to Nepal recently played mediator to sort out differences between the Oli and Prachanda factions of the NCP.



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India, Nepal agree to speed up implementation of India-aided developmental projects | India News


KATHMANDU: Senior diplomats of India and Nepal on Monday held a virtual meeting during which they comprehensively reviewed the progress made on various India-aided developmental projects in the Himalayan nation and decided to expedite their implementation.
The meeting came days after Prime Minister K P Sharma Oli telephoned his Indian counterpart Narendra Modi to greet him on India’s 74th Independence Day, in the first high-level contact after bilateral ties came under severe strain following issuance of a new political map by Nepal in May.
Nepalese foreign secretary Shanker Das Bairagi and Indian Ambassador to Nepal Vinay Mohan Kwatra led the delegations representing their respective countries during the 8th meeting of Oversight Mechanism.
The meeting, held virtually due to the coronavirus outbreak, carried out a comprehensive review of bilateral economic and development cooperation projects since its 7th meeting held on July 8, 2019.
During the meeting, both sides deliberated on the issues and agreed to expedite their implementation, according to a press release issued by the Indian Embassy here.
The two sides noted “the progress made in the development projects in the last one year, including reconstruction of 46,301 earthquake damaged houses in Gorkha and Nuwakot districts the operationalization of Motihari-Amlekhgunj, cross border petroleum products pipeline, the Integrated Check Post at Biratnagar and the High Impact Community Development Projects.”
Nepal also noted with appreciation Covid–19 related assistance, including the supply of medical equipment by India, the release said.
The meeting mainly discussed the status of implementation of the on-going projects under Nepal-India bilateral cooperation covering Terai roads, cross-border railways, Arun-III hydropower project and petroleum products pipelines, according to the Nepalese Foreign Ministry.
“The meeting also discussed issues related with Pancheshwar multipurpose project, post-earthquake reconstruction, irrigation, power and transmission lines, construction of Nepal Police Academy, integrated check posts, Ramayana circuit, HICDPs, motorable bridges over Mahakali River, agriculture and cultural heritage, among others,” it said.
“Both sides underlined the need for expediting implementation of the bilateral projects. In that connection, they agreed to undertake necessary measures to timely address problems and obstacles in the course of implementation,” it said.
The Nepal-India Oversight Mechanism was set up after Prime Minister Modi’s visit to Nepal in September 2016 to oversee the implementation of bilateral projects and take necessary steps for their completion in time.
“India and Nepal have agreed to hold the next meeting of the mechanism on a mutually convenient date to review the progress made in the implementation of the India assisted economic and development cooperation projects,” it added.
The ties between India and Nepal came under strain after Defence Minister Rajnath Singh inaugurated an 80-km-long strategically crucial road connecting the Lipulekh pass with Dharchula in Uttarakhand on May 8.
Nepal protested the inauguration of the road claiming that it passed through its territory. Days later, Nepal came out with the new map showing Lipulekh, Kalapani and Limpiyadhura as its territories.
In June, Nepal’s Parliament approved the new political map of the country featuring areas which India maintains belong to it.
In its reaction, after Nepal’s lower house of parliament approved the bill, India termed as untenable the “artificial enlargement” of territorial claims by the neighbouring country.
India said Nepal’s action violates an understanding reached between the two countries to resolve the boundary issues through talks.
Prime Minister Oli has been asserting that Lipulekh, Kalapani and Limpiyadhura belong to Nepal and vowed to “reclaim” them from India.



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Three children among five killed in Nepal monsoon landslides


Kathmandu: Five people including three children were killed in two landslides in Nepal, raising to 175 the toll of dead since the monsoon season began in May, a home ministry official said on Saturday.

A 30-year-old woman and her three children, aged between 10 months and nine years, were killed when a landslide triggered by heavy rains swept their house away in Gulmi district in the west of the Himalayan nation on Friday, Murari Wasti said.

One person was killed in another landslide in Sunsari district in east Nepal.

Wasti said at least 108 people were missing and 52 others injured in landslides and floods since the monsoon began in May.

In India, floods caused by heavy monsoon rains have wreaked havoc. About 8 million people have been displaced and more than 110 have died since May in India’s eastern Bihar and northeastern Assam, two of the nation’s poorest states.

In neighbouring Bangladesh, heavy floods have submerged nearly 50,000 hectares of paddy fields, according to officials from the Agriculture Ministry.

Reuters



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Millions displaced as monsoon floods hit India and Nepal


Practically four million people today in India’s northeastern state of Assam and neighbouring Nepal have been displaced by significant flooding from monsoon rains, with dozens missing as fatalities rose to at least 189.

The overflowing Brahmaputra River, which flows via China’s Tibet, India and Bangladesh, has damaged crops and activated mudslides, displacing thousands and thousands of people today, officers mentioned on Sunday.

More than 2.75 million folks in Assam have been displaced by three waves of floods considering that late Could that has claimed 79 life following two extra fatalities were being documented right away, a state federal government formal reported.

Flooding hits northwestern India on Sunday.

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“The flood problem remains important with most of the rivers flowing menacingly above the danger mark,” Assam drinking water assets Minister Keshab Mahanta explained to Reuters.

Assam is struggling with the twin problem of combating floods and the coronavirus pandemic. Out of 33 districts, 25 remained afflicted immediately after the present wave of flooding, starting a fortnight in the past.

India is grappling with the novel coronavirus, which has infected almost 1.1 million men and women and 26,816 have died from the disease.

In neighbouring Nepal, the government asked citizens along its southern plains on Sunday to stay warn as heavy monsoon rains ended up anticipated to pound the Himalayan country in which more than 100 have died in floods and landslides because June, officers stated.

Some 110 folks had been killed and one more 100 wounded as landslides and flash floods washed or swept absent houses, upended roads and bridges and displaced hundreds of other people in 26 of the country’s 77 districts, law enforcement claimed.

The loss of life toll was envisioned to rise as 48 persons were nonetheless missing.

Large rains have been anticipated to pound considerably of the mostly mountainous nation of Kathmandu in the up coming four times.



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Instability stalks Nepal as calls for Oli’s resignation grow


NEW DELHI: Nepal on Thursday seemed to be headed for instability as calls for PM K P Oli’s resignation mounted from his own ruling Nepal Communist Party (NCP) even as he looked to dig in his heels as he met President Bidhya Devi Bhandari to get her to prorogue the ongoing budget session of parliament after a recommendation from his cabinet.
The move is being read in Kathmandu as a desperate attempt by the beleaguered PM to avoid a floor test. Reports from Nepal suggested that he was also buying time to split his party and survive in office.
The latest trigger point was his remarks that India was plotting against him, a claim that saw senior party members demand that he produce evidence. The Pushpa Kamal Dahal Prachanda-led faction in the ruling NCP has demanded the resignation of Oli from the post of PM and also co-chair of the party. The prorogation of parliament will also allow Oli to introduce an ordinance, a report in the Kathmandu Post said.
“In April, Oli had introduced a controversial ordinance that was aimed at making it easier for parties to split. The ordinance was withdrawn after vociferous criticism. Many believe that Oli could reintroduce the ordinance and split the party,” it said. Senior members asked Oli to step down for his failure to handle a host of issues including the Covid-19 situation in Nepal.



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Nepal eyes citizenship law tweak; ‘roti-beti’ ties with India at stake | India News


KATHMANDU: A key parliamentary panel in Nepal has proposed to amend the country’s Citizenship Act that would require a foreign woman married to a Nepali national to wait seven years for naturalised citizenship.
Nepal’s main opposition parties decried the move, saying it would inconvenience people living in Madhes as cross-border marriage is prevalent there.
Both Nepali Congress (NC) and Janata Samajbadi Party (SJP) have said that such a provision could also affect the ‘bread and bride relations’ that Nepal has had with India for ages.
The Madheshi are residents of Terai region in the south of Nepal at the foothill of the Himalayas on the border with India in Bihar.
The bill to amend the existing Citizenship Act was registered at the Parliament on Sunday. It includes seven rights that a foreign woman married to a Nepali national can exercise till she acquires citizenship certificates.
Lack of a citizenship certificate will not bar them from running any businesses and earn, use and sell any fixed and movable assets, make profits through businesses and get involved in transaction of property of any kind.
The move to amend the citizenship act comes days after the Nepal government completed the process of redrawing the country’s political map through a Constitutional amendment, incorporating three strategically important Indian areas, a move that could severely jolt relations with New Delhi.



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