Australian Academy Announces Film & TV Nominees for AACTA International Awards

Margot Robbie is looking at another promising awards season after Promising Young Woman picked up four nominations from The Australian Academy of Cinema and Television Arts (AACTA).

AACTA CEO Damian Trewhella applauded Australian creatives such as Robbie, Nicole Kidman, Cate Blanchett and Ben Mendelsohn for producing such great work during difficult times.

“Creatives like Margot Robbie who produced the black comedy thriller, Promising Young Woman, Tony McNamara who created The Great, Babyteeth’s Eliza Scanlen and Ben Mendelsohn, Mrs. America’s Cate Blanchett and The Undoing’s Nicole Kidman also continued to showcase the abounding contribution Australians make to the international screen industry,” Trewhella said.

Nomadland from Chloé Zhao lead the film nominations with six including best film, best direction in a film and nominations for Frances McDormand, David Strathairn and Swankie.

Chloe Zhao’s Nomadland starring Francis McDormand lead the film nominations with six. (Searchlight Pictures via AP)
Camera IconChloe Zhao’s Nomadland starring Francis McDormand lead the film nominations with six. (Searchlight Pictures via AP) Credit: AP

The Trial of the Chicago 7 received five nominations and the late Chadwick Boseman earned two nominations posthumously for his role in Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom.

His co-star Viola Davis also received a nomination.

Now in its 10th year, the Australian Academy expanded the awards to include four television awards — best drama series, best comedy series, best actor in a series and best actress in a series.

Nominees for theAACTA International Award for best drama series are The Crown, I May Destroy You, The Mandalorian, Mystery Road and The Queen’s Gambit.

Afterlife, The Great, Schitt’s Creek, Sex Education and What We Do in the Shadows earned nominations for best comedy series.

“2020 was an extraordinary year for the global screen industry. We all experienced varying degrees of lockdowns but one thing that united us all was the enjoyment and escapism we got from film and television and audiences devoured content in astonishing numbers,” Trewhella said.

“Shows like Normal People, The Crown, The Mandalorian, I May Destroy You and Schitt’s Creek were watched across the world and our own productions like Mystery Road stood up alongside the best.”


AACTA International Award for Best Film

The Father



Promising Young Woman

The Trial of the Chicago 7

AACTA International Award for Best Direction in Film

Pete Docter – Soul

Emerald Fennell – Promising Young Woman

David Fincher – Mank

Aaron Sorkin – The Trial of the Chicago 7

Chloé Zhao – Nomadland

AACTA International Award for Best Screenplay in Film

The Father



Promising Young Woman

The Trial of the Chicago 7

AACTA International Award for Best Lead Actor in Film

Riz Ahmed – Sound of Metal

Chadwick Boseman – Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom

Adarsh Gourav – The White Tiger

Anthony Hopkins – The Father

Gary Oldman – Mank

AACTA International Award for Best Lead Actress in Film

Viola Davis – Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom

Vanessa Kirby – Pieces of a Woman

Frances McDormand – Nomadland

Carey Mulligan – Promising Young Woman

Eliza Scanlen – Babyteeth

AACTA International Award for Best Supporting Actor in Film

Sacha Baron Cohen – The Trial of the Chicago 7

Chadwick Boseman – Da 5 Bloods

Ben Mendelsohn – Babyteeth

Mark Rylance – The Trial of the Chicago 7

David Strathairn – Nomadland

AACTA International Award for Best Supporting Actress in Film

Maria Bakalova – Borat Subsequent Moviefilm

Olivia Colman – The Father

Saoirse Ronan – Ammonite

Amanda Seyfried – Mank

Swankie – Nomadland

AACTA International Award for Best Drama Series

The Crown

I May Destroy You

The Mandalorian

Mystery Road

The Queen’s Gambit

AACTA International Award for Best Comedy Series


The Great

Schitt’s Creek

Sex Education

What We Do in the Shadows

AACTA International Award for Best Actor in a Series

Jason Bateman – Ozark

Hugh Grant – The Undoing

Daniel Levy – Schitt’s Creek

Paul Mescal – Normal People

Aaron Pedersen – Mystery Road

AACTA International Award for Best Actress in a Series

Cate Blanchett – Mrs America

Daisy Edgar-Jones – Normal People

Nicole Kidman – The Undoing

Catherine O’Hara – Schitt’s Creek

Anya Taylor-Joy – The Queen’s Gambit

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Richmond Valley Council announce Aust Day nominees

Richmond Valley Council has announced their Australia Day award nominees ahead of their celebrations in Coraki to mark the occasion.

Coraki Memorial Park will be host to RVC’s Australia Day celebrations which include a full program of activities as well as a citizenship ceremony and an award ceremony.

“Each year council elects to hold the Richmond Valley Australia Day celebrations in a different town or village to celebrate the uniqueness of all corners of the Richmond Valley,” Richmond Valley Council mayor Robert Mustow said.

“This year it’s Coraki’s turn, and I couldn’t be prouder to celebrate this important day in such a fantastic setting.”

This year’s awards include Citizen of the Year; Volunteer of the Year, and Young Sportsperson of the Year.

Nominees include: Stuart Holm, Paul Cowles, and Michelle Pagotto for Volunteer of the Year; Trish Brims, Gwendolyn Gray and Paul Bengtson for Citizen of the Year; Sky-Maree Oldham, Lachlan Coe, Ella Keep, and Connor Turner for Young Sportsperson of the Year.

“I look forward to seeing residents and visitors joining me for these important celebrations,” Cr Mustow said.

Updates to the event program will also be published to the Richmond Valley Australia Day Facebook page

The day wraps up at 1pm so people can continue their celebrations at local businesses or with friends and family for a backyard barbecue at home.

Thank you for visiting My Local Pages and reading this article on New South Wales news named “Richmond Valley Council announce Aust Day nominees”. This article was posted by MyLocalPages as part of our news aggregator services.

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Queensland Nominees for the 2020 Toyota AFL National Volunteer Awards

The Toyota AFL National Volunteer Awards recognise outstanding volunteer contributions across nine categories.  We celebrate the Queensland nominees below in each of these categories. Thank you to these incredible volunteers and to everyone else in Queensland who generously donate their time to help make the game in Queensland an incredible success.


Queensland Community Volunteer – Taylah Pringle

A truly selfless servant of the game, Taylah always puts others and her club first. She takes on multiple volunteer roles every year, a commitment she has shown since she was a junior player.

As Captain of the Panthers women’s team, and club Vice President, she is an outstanding role model for young women in AFL. She has led her team to their inaugural premiership in 2018, all while developing and implementing the Rockhampton Panthers Mission statement and vision.

Since completing school Taylah has pursued studies in Sports Medicine. She now shares her experience as Trainer every Saturday for the Under 13, Under 14 and Under 17 teams, whilst maintaining her other official volunteer and playing commitments.

Supporting the broader Rockhampton community, Taylah has played a major role in the introduction of the Cystic Fibrosis Round with the Glenmore Football Club. This initiative has now evolved into a Charity Ball between both the Rockhampton Panthers and Glenmore Bulls, that has raised in excess of $12,000 for those in need. In all the total now sits at $30,000

While Taylah’s dedication to the Panthers alone makes her a worthy recipient of our Queensland volunteer of the year nomination, her passion for growing female football extends well beyond her own club. She played a major role in promoting youth girls’ football in 2018, leading to the establishment of a competition in 2019. 60+ girls now participate in the Capricornia regions youth girl’s competition, due largely to the determination of Taylah in establishing the competition. This in the heart of Rugby League territory.

Within the Capricornia youth girl’s competition Taylah now coaches her own team, while also playing the role of mentor to many young women involved in the game.


Queensland Auskick Volunteer –  Rob Cray

2019 is the first year Rob took the lead as the Auskick coordinator for Kedron.  His enthusiasm and drive for the development of the game encouraged others to get involved with the club.  Rob places an enormous emphasis on other volunteers to ensure they enjoy the experience and have the resources to deliver the program successfully for the participants. After only one week, Rob also began leading the Kids Squad members, owning and driving the Auskick program for Kedron with huge success. He is extremely well respected in the footy community and has a positive effect on all involved.

Volunteering is a passion of Rob’s. It comes naturally to him and is something he gets great satisfaction from. Rob wants to progress the game and understands the importance of providing a positive and enjoyable experience for participants and other volunteers at grassroots footy. He understands that through his role with the Auskick program, has the opportunity to provide a high level experience for participants starting their footy journey. Rob is an advocate for the Auskick program and works extremely hard to ensure the Club sustains is position as an Auskick powerhouse in Queensland. The highlight for Rob is simply seeing the kids and their parents getting involved and having fun playing footy. He enjoys being in a position to positively influence the experience of Auskick participants.  Rob always ensures he is on time and well organised. This means that the kids can get straight into the program when they arrive and are always engaged. He is extremely well liked by the kids and always makes sure every participant walks away after each session wanting to come back. He is exceptional at varying the activities and games each session so the kids feel like they are learning something new every week.

Rob understands the importance of building strong relationships with local schools. He has successfully promoted Auskick to schools around the Kedron area to boost Auskick numbers and has also joined forces with 2 other local clubs to ensure participants have a ‘next play’ option. This initiative has significantly boosted transition numbers in the local footy community.


Queensland Diversity Volunteer – Kelly Barron

Kelly was the key driver after meeting with Meg Pullinger (AFLQ) to discuss how we (AFLQ) could engaged 15-25yrs from a diverse background.

Kelly along with Meg developed an 8 week program that introduced over 90 male and females aged 15-25 years old to Australian Football. The program covered such topics as basic skills, umpiring, match play and will be taking a group of the 30 most high engaged students to watch the Brisbane Lions at the Gabba towards the end of the 2019 season.

This program has introduced 90 new people to Australian Football and has seen a large majority want to either take up playing or umpiring footy. A great feel good story and one that opens up new opportunities for recruitment across both playing and officiating.


Queensland Disability Inclusion Volunteer – Cheryl Haack

Cheryl Haack has held various roles on the committees of Gold Coast Recreation & Sport, Special Olympics Gold Coast and Special Olympics Queensland for in excess of 10 years. Many families and athletes have benefited from her drive, passion and commitment to provide opportunities for people with disabilities. In more recent years through Gold Coast Recreation and Sports involving with the AFL, Cheryl has been heavily involved in support of the QLD AFL Inclusion Team.
Cheryl has been involved since the start of the program 5 years ago, providing her expertise in welfare and player management while away at the National Inclusion carnival and helping AFLQ develop the below list of procedures that we consider vital to the success of our State inclusion program.


Queensland Junior Coach Volunteer – Wayne Poole

Wayne Poole has been a leader at the Jindalee Jags for over 16 years. He has held numerous roles from volunteering, stepping up to be the President, taking up the role as Coach Coordinator through to his greatest love coaching.

Wayne first completed his coaching accreditation in 2003. This year he coached the Under 12’s and was challenged by having his team play in the Division 1 McDonalds Cup despite his team more likely being more competitive in Division 2. There was some unrest from the players parents feeling the challenge was to great. Along the way they had some big defeats. It was challenging managing the parent’s expectations, but he did not shy away from communicating with them.

Despite this Wayne made the training and match program enjoyable for his players. He set out to ensure they all felt a sense of belonging to the club, concentrating on developing skills, building relationships between players and setting problem solving ‘game sense’ challenges for them along the way. After splitting the competition in half for the finals Wayne’s team was beaten in the last round by 150 points. Again, the parents were concerned for their kids and wanted to forfeit from the finals to save any embarrassment. One of the parents said let’s ask the kids what they would like to do. They all wanted to play and experience playing in finals and despite the results they were having fun. The following week Wayne’s team, the Jindalee Jags U12 side, won by 8 goals. All the hard work was starting to pay off. The AFL Brisbane Juniors have had so much feedback from other coaches on the positivity of Wayne program and how he interacts with his players.


Queensland Senior Coach Volunteer – Mark Wallin

The success of the Yeppoon Swans Senior group over the past five years speaks for itself regarding Mark’s ability to lead a Senior Team. Mark along with his club committee built a strong club from their junior program with a lot of the players having started in the Under 8’s.

Under Mark’s leadership the Swans have collected four Premierships and a Queensland state record of 66 games undefeated. Mark’s ability to get his squad back on the field each year and buy in to do the hard yards together in the off-season is credit to his and the team’s success. The regional success of Mark was further exemplified this year with his selection on the Coaching Staff of the North Queensland Senior Men’s Representative team.

Mark consistently attends coach AFL education sessions in a bid to improve his coaching and lead his players. Mark has also been inspired to raise money to Fight MND by setting up his own page. Thus far having raised $1,500. Each year Mark looks to nurture the Swans youth players into the senior team.

In all Mark has a great ability to lead young men, role model his behavior and has a great understanding of the importance community connection and contribution with his football club and players.


Queensland Community Primary School Coach Volunteer – Kurt Gislingham

Kurt ensures that his school is actively participating in AFL. His efforts have seen Gave State School participate in Auskick. Footy Frenzies, Everyone Matters – our year 4 curriculum program, as well as enter 1 primary female and 2 primary male teams into the AFLQ Schools Cup this year.

Kurt also coordinates an exceptional inter-school AFL competition. Kurt’s comms are outstanding,
ensuring a well-run, enjoyable competition for all schools involved. In 2018 Gaven State School became State Champions after they won the Primary Male Division of the AFLQ Schools Cup and this year, their primary male team has once again made Finals as regional winners of the Gold Coast North qualifiers.


Queensland Community Senior School Coach Volunteer – Andrew Grubba

Andrew has actively promoted AFL to all students under his care by securing staff from AFLQ to come into the college to run sessions with sessions with the students as part of the teaching of the HPE curriculum. This promotion of AFL enabled the college to enter two teams in the AFLQ Schools Cup for the first time in 2018, with the college’s year 4-6 girl’s team finishing 3rd in the state and the boy’s year 4-6 team finishing as runners up in the regional stage of the competition. To build on this success and to ensure even more students had an opportunity to experience Australian Rules Football and the benefits of physical activity in general, Andrew established the AFL Academy at the college at the start of 2019.

There are currently close to 350 students now part of the academy program. As a result, the college entered 15 teams in this year’s AFLQ Schools Cup, including an Under 15 Male Inclusion team. This amount of interest in AFL at the college is solely down Andrew’s passion, dedication and
determination to ensure the students at the college benefit physically, mentally and socially from
the inclusive nature of AFL. Andrew also won the “Student’s Choice – Teacher of the Year” Award, proving how much his student’s appreciate his passion and dedication.


Queensland Community Umpiring Service Volunteer – Luca Bisogni

Luca committed to the Co coaching role of the Brisbane Junior competition in 2019 along with his field umpiring pursuits in the QAFL. This required a commitment of 3 nights per week for the season as well as countless coaches meetings and other nights on the phone organising weekly appointments.
Luca made time to make himself known to the football operations staff in the office and his drive to improve the culture in the juniors space was evident to all with his action plans and team engagement.

To further prove Luca’s commitment, he recently formally met with AFLQ staff to present a list of findings from 2019 as well as recommendations for the junior space in 2020. This shows he wants to identify deficiencies as well as be part of the solution to change our community landscape.
The AFLQ Umpiring department first met Luca in 2014 when the number 2 heritage list umpire was inducted to the inaugural year of the revamped State Umpiring Academy. Luca spent two years on the panel whilst commuting from northern NSW and after graduating in 2016 returned to umpire a year of local football and commence a role as Development Coordinator for AFL Queensland. In 2018 Luca decided to return to the High Performance group where he has consistently umpired as well as giving back to the State Umpiring program in a mentorship capacity. Luca demonstrates the values required to retain a vast array of umpiring types hence receiving our nomination.

National Award Winners Press Release:


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Suga’s rejection of science nominees spurs constitutional storm

TOKYO — Just weeks into his tenure, Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga is stirring controversy by breaking with careful precedent in rejecting the appointment of six scholars nominated to join the prestigious and apolitical Science Council of Japan, a surprising move that has quickly turned into a sharp debate over the country’s constitution.

Critics are raising the alarm over what they see as a dangerous decision infringing on academic freedom, a sensitive issue in a nation that in many ways remains wary of political interference in intellectual life given the history of military influence on government in the years leading up to and through World War II.

Succeeding long-serving Shinzo Abe as Japan’s leader in late September, Suga launched his Cabinet with high public approval and vows to tackle vested interests and improve livelihoods, such as through lowering mobile phone charges. But his unprecedented rejection of the normally rubber-stamped appointments has overshadowed those policies and raised questions about his motives.

His stance has provoked strong protests from constitutional and other scholars. University of Tokyo professor Kenji Ishikawa claims that the rejection “is an intervention in personnel affairs for the autonomy of professional areas and directly linked to academic freedom.”

Suga so far appears unfazed over the controversy and is standing firm, flatly rejecting the views of Ishikawa and others. “The decision has nothing to do with academic freedom,” he said in an interview with Nikkei and other media on Oct. 5. “There is no question about that.”

Academic freedom is guaranteed under Article 23 of Japan’s basic law, written under the postwar U.S.-led occupation of the country and that includes other key clauses such as equality for women and, famously, the renunciation of war. The latter has led the document to be referred to as the “peace” constitution.

Suga is adamant that the rejection of the scholars “absolutely has nothing to do” with Article 23, justifying it on the grounds that the prime minister is responsible for the selection and dismissal of public officials under Article 15 of the constitution.

His predecessors automatically appointed nominees recommended by the council and Suga repeatedly said he wondered if he should do the same, linking the rejection of the six scholars, which substantiates the prime minister’s authority over personnel affairs, to his new Cabinet’s pet policy of defying precedents.

Takaaki Kajita, the new president of the Science Council of Japan and a Nobel laureate, met with Suga and handed him a written request to explain why he rejected the appointment of six scholars to the body.

Even in an Oct. 9 interview with reporters who cover the Cabinet, Suga refused to give specific reasons for his rejection, insisting the decision was to ensure the council’s “comprehensive and panoramic” activities.

Suga later acknowledged that he had not even seen the list of 105 nominees, spurring speculation over who effectively decided to drop the final six.

The council was established in 1949 under the Science Council of Japan Act to represent some 870,000 scholars at home and abroad. Placed under the prime minister’s jurisdiction, it is a special organization within the Cabinet Office and receives an annual budget of around 1 billion yen ($9.47 million).

The law stipulates that the council is allowed to independently carry out its duties of providing policy recommendations to the government and society as a cross-sectional network of academics. Though it has a certain amount of influence over the allocation of budgets for research and development programs, the council has maintained a cautious stance on military research.

It consists of 210 members and some 2,000 associate members. The 210 members, who are national public servants employed in special service, work for a six-year term without reappointment. Half are appointed every three years.

According to the law, the council selects nominees from scholars with outstanding records of research or achievement and recommends them to the prime minister, who appoints them “based on the recommendation.”

Initially, council members were elected directly by scholars. But in 1984, academic societies began selecting nominees for appointment by the prime minister based on the council’s recommendation.

From 2005, incumbent members began recommending candidates to the council for screening and submitting a list of shortlisted nominees to the prime minister.

Since the current system of member appointments, no nominee had been denied until Suga turned down the six earlier this month. The rejected scholars are known for being critical of policies pursued by Abe, including his push to reinterpret Japan’s pacifist constitution. Suga himself has provided no reasons for why they were deemed unfit to sit on the council.

But Suga in general questions the current system as “a mechanism enabling incumbent members to name their successors.”

At a session of the Education, Culture and Science Committee in the upper house of the Diet on May 12, 1983, then Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone said the council’s recommendation system was similar to each academic society or group of scholars having the right to recommend candidates and that academic freedom and independence could be guaranteed if the appointment of members by the government was viewed as “a formality.”

At the same session on Nov. 24 of that year, Hyosuke Niwa, then director-general of the Prime Minister’s Office, said the government would not reject the council-recommended nominees but appoint them “as a mere formality.”

The Cabinet at that time clearly stated that the prime minister would not reject but rather automatically appoint the council-recommended nominees.

Nakasone even stepped into a constitutional debate as he stated that academic freedom was guaranteed because the government’s appointment of council members was a mere formality. Suga’s statement thus denied the stance taken by Nakasone.

Abe’s administration wrested the political initiative from bureaucrats by executing power on personnel affairs after the Liberal Democratic Party regained power in a landslide victory in the 2012 lower house election. In a rare move, Abe named former Foreign Ministry official Ichiro Komatsu to head the Cabinet Legislation Bureau in 2013, while then Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga also consolidated the power to reshuffle senior ministry officials to the newly created Cabinet Personnel Bureau. The Cabinet also demanded the Supreme Court recommend several candidates when appointing a justice.

Takashi Onishi, former president of the Science Council of Japan and professor emeritus at the University of Tokyo, was asked by the Prime Minister’s Office in 2014 to notify it of the process of recommending new council members before finalizing the list. When replacing the three council members in 2016, he gave the Prime Minister’s Office a list of two prioritized candidates per post before recommendations were made. But he gave up the replacements after being pressured to recommend two nominees with lower priority out of the three.

In 2017, when half of its members were nominated, Onishi showed a list of 105 nominees plus several additions to the Cabinet Office. The list was accepted as it was. Conflicts with the Prime Minister’s Office over the appointment of council members continued while Kyoto University President Juichi Yamagiwa served as president.

Efforts to give the prime minister more discretion coincide with the move to consolidate power on personnel affairs to the Prime Minister’s Office and strengthen control over bureaucrats. The key figure in this method of personnel reshuffling in the Prime Minister’s Office was Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary Kazuhiro Sugita, a former senior official in the National Police Agency, who remains in the post under the Suga administration.

Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary Kazuhiro Sugita, a former senior official in the National Police Agency, became the key figure in the effort to consolidate power over personnel affairs in the Prime Minister’s Office. Sugita remains in the post under the Suga administration.

The Cabinet Office compiled a new explanatory document in consultation with the Cabinet Legislation Bureau on Nov. 13, 2018. While the document called on the prime minister to fully respect recommendations from the council when appointing its new members, it also said that the prime minister would not be obliged to appoint council members as recommended.

It also presented its views that the prime minister will have the right to call on the council to recommend more candidates than needed so that he can appoint new members from among the list.

The Cabinet Office frequently cited the constitution in compiling the document. As Article 65 stipulates that executive authority belongs to the Cabinet and Article 72 specifies that the prime minister “exercises control and supervision over various administrative branches,” the prime minister will have the right to supervise the council, a special organization under the jurisdiction of the prime minister to some degree through personnel affairs, the Cabinet Office document said.

As Article 15 declares that the people have the inalienable right to choose and dismiss their public officials, “the prime minister will have to be responsible to the people and the parliament over the appointment of council members,” it added.

In response to a question by Japan Communist Party lawmaker Tomoko Tamura, the Cabinet Legislation Bureau explained that the view the prime minister is allowed discretion even under “appointment as a formality” had been presented in the Education, Culture and Science Committee in the upper house of the Diet on July 24, 1969.

The point in question at the time was the Special Rules for the Public Educational Personnel and Staff Act, which stipulates that the education minister will appoint presidents of national universities “based on offers” of the presidents. Masami Takatsuji, then the Cabinet Legislation Bureau chief, stated that the education minister will have the power to reject appointments based on Article 15 “in cases where an appointment is clearly inappropriate in light of the law.”

Save Constitutional Democracy Japan, a group composed of constitutional and political scholars, on Oct. 5 issued a statement urging Suga to appoint the six council members as recommended.

“The Act on the Science Council of Japan clearly stipulates that the council’s independence from the government should be respected,” the statement said. “It can be understood that the recommending of candidate members by the council, among other things, will bind the prime minister to execute his or her appointing power.”

“It may be possible for the prime minister to reject council member nominees in a very rare case, where he or she is found out to be involved in crimes after being recommended, provided that there are good reasons,” Waseda University Professor Yasuo Hasebe, a member of the group, said at a news conference. “But this rejection cannot be explained with those exceptions in mind.”

Hasebe criticized the Suga administration for using the people’s right to choose and dismiss public officials stipulated in Article 15 as the basis for the prime minister’s discretion. “From the standpoint of constitutional debate, it is very unreasonable to claim that the prime minister has the power to appoint council members based on the general and abstract Article 15 by ignoring the principles and wording of the articles of the Act on the Science Council of Japan,” Hasebe said, adding that he has absolutely no idea why they referred to Article 72.

Chief Cabinet Secretary Katsunobu Kato explained that academic freedom stipulated in Article 23 guarantees scholars have freedom in academic research and presentations of findings especially in universities. Therefore, giving the prime minister authority to appoint council members “will not constitute the violation of academic freedom to which council members as individuals are entitled,” Kato said.

That caused Ishikawa of the University of Tokyo to retort: “Chief Cabinet Secretary [Kato] misunderstands the constitution; Article 23 does not stipulate each person’s freedom of study.”

It is commonly accepted theory among constitutional scholars that academic freedom should be protected by freedom of thought and conscience under Article 19, while freedom of research and presentations should be protected by freedom of expression under Article 21. Ishikawa explained that the core concept of Article 23 is to protect the autonomy of professional areas and systematically guarantee the autonomy of universities.

Furthermore, academic communities operate beyond the scope of universities or borders. “The council plays a role in supporting various scientific societies,” Ishikawa said.

“The council is directly related to Article 23. Suga’s rejection of science council nominees does not infringe directly on the autonomy of universities itself, but is equivalent to it,” Ishikawa warned. “The seawall protecting academic freedom is being broken through by personnel intervention. We cannot let that happen.”

Out of the six council nominees rejected by Suga, University of Tokyo professor Shigeki Uno has several times in interviews with Nikkei mentioned his proposed structural reforms in governance systems appropriate for the 21st century to cope with the emergence of challenges such as infectious diseases based on his expertise in the history of Western political thought. They were made from a perspective clearly in line with the “comprehensive and panoramic” description offered by Suga himself.

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Port, Geelong lead All Australian nominees

AFL pacesetters Port Adelaide and Geelong each have five nominations for the All Australian side, the most of any clubs.

The AFL has released the 40-man squad for the ceremonial team which will be announced on Thursday.

Table-toppers Port have ex-captain Travis Boak, Zak Butters, Darcy Byrne-Jones, Charlie Dixon and Tom Jonas in the squad.

Second-year utility Butters is among 24 players in contention for their first All Australian selection.

Geelong’s nominees are Patrick Dangerfield, who is in line for an eighth All Australian jumper, Mark Blicavs, Cam Guthrie, Tom Hawkins and Sam Menegola.

A batch of 10 players – Harris Andrews, Marcus Bontempelli, Dangerfield, Nat Fyfe, Max Gawn, Dylan Grimes, Hawkins, Jack Macrae, Lachie Neale and Scott Pendlebury – could earn selection in consecutive years.

Gold Coast, North Melbourne and wooden-spooners Adelaide are the only clubs without a nomination.

The 40-man squad:

Brisbane: Harris Andrews, Hugh McCluggage, Lachie Neale.

Carlton: Jacob Weitering.

Collingwood: Taylor Adams, Brayden Maynard, Darcy Moore, Scott Pendlebury.

Essendon: Jordan Ridley.

Fremantle: Nat Fyfe, Luke Ryan, Matt Taberner.

Geelong: Mark Blicavs, Patrick Dangerfield, Cam Guthrie, Tom Hawkins, Sam Menegola.

Greater Western Sydney: Nick Haynes.

Hawthorn: Jack Gunston.

Melbourne: Max Gawn, Clayton Oliver, Christian Petracca.

Port Adelaide: Travis Boak, Zak Butters, Darcy Byrne-Jones, Charlie Dixon, Tom Jonas.

Richmond: Dylan Grimes, Dustin Martin, Nick Vlastuin.

St Kilda: Dan Butler, Jack Steele.

Sydney: Tom Papley.

West Coast: Andrew Gaff, Nic Naitanui, Liam Ryan, Brad Sheppard.

Western Bulldogs: Marcus Bontempelli, Caleb Daniel, Jack Macrae.

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