Panthers win the physical and mental battles to make decider


“Penrith should be up by 40 with the opportunities they’ve had,” said Andrew Johns in commentary for Nine.

For the Panthers, a relatively inexperienced finals side, this was about holding their nerve. The occasion got the better of both sides on occasions. Sharpshooter Adam Reynolds missed what for him was a regulation shot at goal. The captain’s challenges were exhausted before the first quarter had expired. And both teams dropped what was a slippery Steeden at regular intervals.

When Corey Allan, playing on one leg for most of the night, scored late in proceedings, the mountain men did well to hang on against the most potent attacking team in the game.

The Rabbitohs deserve enormous credit for coming so close. They were beset by injuries and cruel luck, like when Reynolds came agonisingly close to a 40-20. But in the end they paid the price for losing the battle up front.

There was a battle of wits at play as well. The mind games started the moment the Rabbitohs beat the Eels and continued right up until kick-off. Wayne Bennett claimed he hadn’t watched Penrith play all year. That same Wayne Bennett didn’t speak to Phil Gould about the Panthers job; and claimed Jed Cartwright would replace injured centre Campbell Graham.

There was more subterfuge when Bayley Sironen was named at centre, only for Cameron Murray to fill the position. It was only when Sironen limped off with injury that everyone returned to their named positions.

The Panthers seal their grand final berth after a desperate second half.Credit:Getty

Ivan Cleary wasn’t to be outdone. He pulled a controversial switch of his own, benching form centre Brent Naden for Tyrone May. This gamble paid off.

Every time Nathan Cleary kicked, May was in pursuit. The No.14 got his reward when he collected his side’s second try from doing just that.

The Rabbitohs spine has wreaked havoc on the edges over the past month against outside backs that have rushed up quickly in defence. The Panthers three-quarters instead held their position and slid when Cody Walker tried to outnumber them, using the sideline as an additional defender. The ploy proved a winner, ensuring Cleary’s men were never caught short out wide.

Nor was there any space up the middle of the field. Damien Cook was at his very best the previous week, constantly catching out tired Parramatta markers. Against the Panthers, there were few opportunities to run.

And so if Bennett is to achieve a premiership at Redfern, he has just one more season in which to do it.

The Panthers, meanwhile, need to show why they have been the team to beat from the outset.

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Amazon opens its first Amazon Fresh physical grocery store, in LA – TechCrunch


The shift to online shopping has accelerated in the COVID-19 pandemic, but today Amazon made a bold move that underscores its belief that physical stores will remain a key component of how consumers shop. In the Los Angeles neighborhood of Woodland Hills, the e-commerce giant today opened its first Amazon Fresh supermarket. This is the first of a series of Amazon Fresh stores that the company plans to open, with others so far confirmed in Oak Lawn, IL; Schaumburg, IL; Naperville, IL; Woodland Hills, CA; Irvine; CA; and North Hollywood, CA. Amazon would not comment further on plans, including timing, to TechCrunch.

A blog post from Jeff Helbling, the head of Amazon Fresh Stores, notes that the store will open initially invitation-only, based emails it will be sending out to locals, from 7:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m. PT. It will update more on opening hours and capacity over time here.

You might be thinking to yourself, but Amazon already has Whole Foods and smaller Amazon Go stores? The idea here will be to build a new grocery store experience from the ground up targeting a different customer. Indeed, this is par for the course with all consumer packaged goods plays: own a wide variety of brands targeting all demographics, and you will own the space.

It’s also an essential part of the playbook for Amazon in its wider bid to compete more squarely against the likes of Walmart, which dominates the world of physical (and therefore, all) shopping in the US. Walmart was estimated to have about a 26% market share of grocery sales in the US, in what is still quite a fragmented market, according to this graphic from Statista. The data puts Amazon’s Whole Foods share at just 1.6%, although Amazon itself estimates that it is closer to about 4%, including its other channels, including online. Still pretty small, nevertheless.

While Whole Foods focuses mainly on organic and health foods (and has rightly earned the nickname “Whole Paycheck” because of how expensive a shopping trip can be there), and Go is smaller and about catering to early adopters with its automated AI and camera approach for checking out, Amazon Fresh will bring in a bunch of recognised, mainstream big brands alongside Amazon’s own burgeoning own-label lines, along with a lot of pre-prepared items.

That’s not to say it won’t also be very tech-heavy. The store will have a new feature called the Amazon Dash Cart: people can build lists of items via Alexa Shopping Lists (via Amazon devices or the Alexa app) before going into the store, and there they use the Dash Carts to shop from them faster. There will be Echo Show devices set up around the store to give people advice on where to find products. (But I don’t think they will be fully operational devices: ie no ability to change the music playing in the store through these… not yet at least.)

It will also offer free delivery to Prime Members who shop at the store, which essentially will also become a depot of sorts for the wider Amazon Fresh operation — which had been entirely online until now (and which had started to offer free delivery some time back to sharpen competition with the wide plethora of other grocery delivery options out in the market now).

By building the whole store from the ground up, it will give Amazon to integrate more tech into the experience more easily, too.

The arrival, spread, and persistent existence of the novel coronavirus has played out in a tricky way when it comes to physical stores. Depending on where you live, you will have different sets of regulations to comply with when shopping, which might range from requiring face masks or limiting entry or movement within stores, through to stores operating with other limitations and in some extreme cases not being opened at all.

Amazon said it plans to take its own set of guidelines into how the stores will be run, basing it on how Whole Foods has been working. Employees will have temperature checks daily; both workers and customers will have to wear face masks; it will offer free disposable masks to people who need one; and stores will be limited to a maximum capacity of 50%.

The opening of this store in LA should not come as a huge surprise to those who have been following the company’s moves: it has been slowly picking up large retail locations to develop them into Fresh depots for a while now, including sites in LA, but a number of other signals including hiring patterns have led many to guess that the bigger plan was to build them into retail operations.

The company has reportedly also been looking to develop physical grocery stores in other markets outside of the US as well. There have been rumors swirling for years now in the UK — which like the US has a pretty fragmented and somewhat tumultuous grocery industry, dominated in its case by Tesco — that Amazon has been eyeing up retail locations that have come up for sale as big retail chains have found themselves in financial dire straights.

That predicament, ironically, has been partly the result of the shift to people shopping online, on sites like (you guessed it) Amazon.

Updated throughout with more details from Amazon, and a more correct description of Dash Cart, and the correct name for Mr Helbling (Jeff, not James).



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Physical clashes will continue despite controversial send-off last weekend


Super Netball’s physicality can’t and won’t be affected by the controversial send-off of Giants defender Kristiana Manu’a last week according to the coaches.

Manu’a became the first player in Super Netball history to be sent off after two incidents of rough play in the clash against the Sunshine Coast Lightning.

Umpires followed correct procedure in banishing Manu’a from the court but many questioned whether the “rough play” tag for incidents in which the defender had eyes only for the ball would affect the intensity of challenges going forward.

Giants coach Julie Fitzgerald, whose players bounced back from the midweek controversy to challenge the competition-leading Vixens before ultimately losing on Sunday, said the Manu’a decision would not affect the way her side approached games.

“I honestly don’t think it will,” Fitzgerald said after her team’s loss to the competition-leading Vixens on Sunday.
“There’s a lot on the line in every game we play and there was nothing out there (on Sunday) I would deem as irresponsible or rough or dirty, it was just two teams really putting their bodies on the line and going for the ball.
“I hope that will continue and I think the same about the Lightning game (last) Wednesday.”

The umpires were given the all clear after an review of the send-off and Manu’a said on Sunday she had felt nothing but support since the incidents.

“I’m so thankful for the team, and the whole netball community in general everyone has really backed me,” she told Channel Nine.

“I’m happy to just sweep it under the rug and keep playing and hopefully winning some games.”

Vixens coach Simone McKinnis also said teams would continue to “get on with it” despite the spotlight on the physicality.

“I didn’t think twice about there being any impact from the umpires, I didn’t think that things would be different,” she said.

“We’ve got a good, strong, tough game,brilliant athletes going 100 per cent out there and it’s good to see.”

Sunshine Coast mentor Kylee Byrne said the send-off would not change the way her players approached the game.

But she said it was important to continue to keep communication lines open to officials, who were also in a tough situation in a compressed season.

“We had some umpires at training on Friday because we’ve go to support them as well,” Byrne said.

“They’re in a really tough situation. A few of them are only just getting out of quarantine and having to umpire matches.”



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The pandemic problem tech can’t solve: Physical touch


Our mission to help you navigate the new normal is fueled by subscribers. To enjoy unlimited access to our journalism, subscribe today.

Gail Sideman can’t remember the last time she hugged a loved one. She only knows it was likely a few months ago. Since the outbreak of the coronavirus, the Milwaukee, Wisconsin resident says she’s stayed away from most people, resorting to “air hugs” when she’s seen her 20-year-old niece at a distance. The publicist and stage manager halted her personal and professional travel and hunkered down at home in March, only leaving to go to the gym, grocery store, or get some time outdoors.

“I’m a hugger and a physical person,” she said. “You definitely miss that.”

Sideman is one of the more than 34 million U.S. residents that live alone, according to latest numbers provided by the U.S. Census in 2018. Following the implementation of shelter-in-place and social distancing orders from cities across the nation, people living alone are experiencing a very different reality than the other 72% of people who live with family, roommates, or significant others. For people who been alone for about six months, the experience can be simplified to one word: isolating. 

“I have to block those kinds of things out of my mind otherwise I wouldn’t get anything done,” Sideman said about her emotions. “But it does hit you at weird times—the loneliness, the isolation.”

Mental health experts say too much isolation can lead to a host of issues: depression, anxiety, post traumatic distress order. And as the pandemic has dragged on, keeping many people at home alone, mental health concerns are growing. The good news is there are ways to mitigate the negative effects of isolation partially thanks to technology. The bad news is for some people, those solutions may not be enough.

David Spiegel, a Stanford University School of Medicine professor and director of the school’s Center on Stress and Health, said that physical touch often has soothing effects, as it lowers the stress hormone cortisol that can weaken the immune system. Touch also increases levels of serotonin, dopamine, and oxytocin—the hormones related to happiness. Just like a child often needs to be held to be soothed, adults often need human touch to be reassured. At a time when adults might be more stressed than normal, given the global pandemic, people who live alone are going without that reassurance.  

“Let’s just be realistic: it’s a real loss. It’s a real need,” Spiegel said. “We’re social creatures, and our most intimate connections are physical.”

Isolation can be especially harmful for people with a history of substance abuse, mental illness, or trauma, mental experts say. For those people, being alone for extended periods of time can magnify or rehash old problems. And the effects may extend well beyond the end of the pandemic. 

The pandemic’s mental health repercussions is an issue with which Dr. Elinore McCance-Katz, the head of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, has been particularly concerned. Last week, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that about 40% of 5,470 adults surveyed said they were feeling adverse mental effects related to the pandemic and physical distancing, including anxiety and depression. The report also said that about twice as many people reported suicidal thoughts within a month’s time compared to the number of people who reported feeling that way during an entire year in 2018. Following the report, McCance-Katz released a statement, calling the findings “troubling but not surprising.”

“People who experience stress that’s unrelenting are at great risk for mental health problems,” she told Fortune. “And we know suicide attempts have gone up, and drug overdoses are up.”

But even people who are relatively healthy might find themselves grappling with the lack of in-person social interaction. Carlyn Mumm has been quarantining alone in Dallas for the past six months. The 32-year-old digital strategist said given that she’s not a touchy-feely person, she doesn’t really miss hugs or handshakes. Even so, she says she feels a loss.

“There’s a certain level of authenticity and ease you get that’s lost in a digital space,” she said. “It’s the lack of unspoken cues and the rigor that tech communication requires you to follow especially in large groups.”

Mumm said she misses the eye contact she might make with someone across the table—something that’s impossible to do in a virtual space. She said that because video chatting only allows for one person to speak and be heard at a time, it eliminates the possibility of spirited interruptions and side conversations. Tech solutions like Zoom and Google Meet just don’t feel the same, she said.

Though the nation’s health authorities continue to advise people from different households to maintain their distance, there are things people who live alone can do to stimulate the happy hormones that come from physical touch. And if people who live alone regularly engage in those activities, they may be able to offset the negative effects of isolation, said Tiffany Field, director of the Touch Research Institute at the University of Miami School of Medicine who’s been studying the effects of the lockdowns during the pandemic. 

“It’s vital to have our skin stimulated,” she said. “You’re going to save natural killer cells that kill bacteria and cancer cells.”

There are simple solutions: Self-massages, yoga, or even running or walking can stimulate pressure sensors that can set off a chain of events to change a person’s brain waves, blood pressure, and neurotransmitters, Field said. 

Aline Zoldbrod, a Boston psychologist and sex therapist, says there are also tapping techniques, like a butterfly hug, people can perform on themselves to self-soothe. She also suggests using weighted blankets to create pressure on the body and thinking about previous hugs or reassuring touches to improve one’s emotional state. “You should be touching your own body,” she said. 

For Gail, talking openly with her friends and colleagues about what she’s been experiencing has helped. But she says she’s eager for the day when she can hug her family and friends again. 

More coronavirus coverage from Fortune:



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South Australian police investigate physical, racial abuse filmed on Adelaide bus


Police are investigating after videos showing an altercation — which became physical and involved racial abuse — on an Adelaide bus circulated on social media over the weekend.

The videos, posted on Facebook, show a young man who appears to be Caucasian verbally abusing three young women who appear to be of African descent.

The young man can be seen shouting racial abuse at the young women and pushing another young woman who appears to have intervened.

He can be heard saying “f*** off you African c***” before one of the young women in the group appears to grab at his neck and slap at him.

The young man appears to be holding a can of alcohol.

Hà Linhh, who shared her videos of the fight on social media, condemned the incident.

“When this drunk guy saw the girls talking on the back of the bus, he started cursing and saying racist sentences at those girls,” Ms Linhh said.

“They started cursing at each other and fighting on the bus.”

The incident happened on what appeared to be an Adelaide Metro bus heading out of the city.(ABC News: Dean Faulkner)

SA Police (SAPOL) today confirmed officers responded to reports of “a group of people fighting on a bus” at West Croydon around 8:30pm on Sunday.

“When patrols arrived, the bus had left the stop already,” the SAPOL spokesperson said.

“Patrols conducted an extensive search of the area but were not able to locate anyone involved. No victims were able to be identified at that time.”

The spokesperson said police were aware of the videos circulating on social media “which appear to relate to the incident” and that police would be investigating.

Anyone with information about the incident is encouraged to contact Crime Stoppers.

Incidents reaching ‘crisis point’, union says

Transport Workers’ Union senior branch official Matt Burnell said incidents like the one filmed on Sunday night had been happening “on a weekly basis” in recent years.

“We’ve been trying to engage with the Marshall Government now for quite some time, to address this concern.”

Mr Burnell labelled the circumstances of the incident “outrageous”.

“We’re deeply concerned by what we’ve seen on there … Several passengers engaging in a melee that should never have happened,” he said.

“What we see on a weekly basis is drivers being assaulted, passengers being assaulted, and just general antisocial behaviour that needs to stop.”

None of the videos show the bus driver intervening, drawing condemnation from people commenting on the Facebook post, as well as Ms Linhh.

“The problem is that the bus driver did not act to stop him [the young man],” Ms Linhh said.

But Mr Burnell said the driver followed protocols put in place by authorities to keep himself safe.

Matt Burnell stands in front of a Transport Workers' Union sign
Transport Workers’ Union’s Matt Burnell said incidents like the one filmed on Sunday were happening regularly.(ABC News)

“There’s a lot of people out there saying ‘should have done this, should have done that’,” Mr Burnell said.

“Our drivers aren’t sufficiently protected on the bus.

“It’s very hard for a driver to intervene in a situation like this — what we do know is that it can escalate the situation.”

Mr Burnell said a driver’s primary role is to get the bus “from point A to point B, not to get involved in melees”.

About 10 per cent of South Australian drivers responded to a recent union survey, showing around 82 per cent had been subjected to verbal assault and around 62 per cent had faced physical assault.

“This is a crisis point — it’s been boiling over for far too long,” Mr Burnell said.

“Drivers shouldn’t expect to have to put up with this behaviour, but neither should the travelling public.”

The union has called on the State Government to meet several demands, including ride-along security on high-risk routes, “emergency communication devices” to improve response times for serious incidents and a public awareness campaign.

Ms Linhh went on to say the incident was “a very disappointing experience for me and my friend in Australia”.

“I hope everyone who encounters such a situation bravely condemns and exposes [it] so that racism no longer exists, because people have the same human rights and equal rights anywhere in the world,” Ms Linhh said.



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When to resume SC physical hearings? CJI leaves it to panel | India News


NEW DELHI: CJI S A Bobde has left it to the seven-judge committee to decide the date for resumption of physical hearings in the Supreme Court within days of the panel recommending start of limited physical hearings on a trial basis in two weeks with adequate precautions to guard against coronavirus.
The committee, comprising Justices N V Ramana, Arun Mishra, R F Nariman, U U Lalit, A M Khanwilkar, D Y Chandrachud and L N Rao, had held extensive consultations with medical experts, who had advised against resumption of physical hearing before September 1, and bar leaders Dushyant Dave and Shivaji Jadav, who had pressed for immediate start of physical hearings.
It had also said that hearing of most cases through video-conferencing would continue as is being done since March 25. The recommendation of the committee was believed to serve as a cue for high courts to decide on resumption of physical hearing in HCs and trial courts, which provide nearly 15 lakh advocates across the country their sole avenue of earnings.
After considering the views of all concerned, the committee had recommended to CJI Bobde that limited physical hearings in three SC courtrooms could resume only for old matters requiring long hearing. It had suggested entry of only arguing counsel. The committee had said the CJI could fix a date for resumption of physical hearing as a pilot project on trial basis. But the CJI has now asked the committee to decide when to resume physical hearing. If the committee agrees with the CJI’s request to decide the date, it has to again consult medical experts as well as bar leaders.
More than 200 Advocates on Record have come together to request deferment of physical hearing till the pandemic situation eases.



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NT Police to investigate physical altercation involving senator


NT Police to investigate physical altercation involving senator

Police in the Northern Territory have confirmed they will be further investigating an altercation between Country Liberal Senator Sam McMahon and her chief of staff.

WhatsApp messages revealed complaints Senator Sam McMahon made about her chief of staff Jason Riley over an alleged physical altercation in her office.

Confirmation of a police investigation comes after the Country Liberal Party announced it was also investigating the claims.

Prime Minister Scott Morrison and Deputy Michael McCormack were contacted for comment.

Image: News Corp Australia



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Addressing Physical Literacy during COVID-19


With people unable to gather in their local parks to go for walks, ride bikes or play some pick-up basketball, many youngsters are likely growing increasingly frustrated with their lack of physical activity. 

This may be great time to (re)introduce the concept of physical literacy to young athletes who do not want to lose their skill or fitness levels but are unable to take part in their chosen sports, as well as to nonathletes who would really benefit from building a solid foundation of good motor skills. 

Physical literacy is defined by The Aspen Institute (2015as the ability, confidence and desire to be physically active for life. Even if one of your youth clients doesn’t dream of someday playing in the NBA or competing in the Olympics, he or she can undoubtedly benefit from gaining skill and confidence in the ability to move efficiently and with good form. For example, a child who knows how to swim will be able to participate in countless water-based activities for the rest of his or her life like one day swim with their own children.

Physical literacy goes beyond the development of foundational motor skills like running, balancing and throwing, however, as it also requires the mindset to use those skills. Confidence involves knowing that you have the ability to play sports or enjoy physical activities as opportunities arise. Once a child has the ability and confidence to participate, his or her desire to be active can be developed through early positive experiences with physical activity that are fun and motivational (The Aspen Institute, 2015) 

The Aspen Institute identifies 10 sectors that are well-positioned to play key roles in advancing physical literacy, including community recreation organizations, schools, healthcare providers and fitness facilities. When it comes to exercise professionals, the following recommendations may be particularly applicable during COVID-19: 

  • Make physical literacy the basis of programming for families 
  • Offer complimentary physical-literacy assessments to children of adult clients 
  • Reduce or eliminate talk of body image 
  • Use kid-friendly talk, imaginative scenarios and music that matches the activity and participant level 
  • Prioritize effort, not performance 

Parents and guardians are also identified as a key sector by The Aspen Institute. Some of the following are things you may want to consider as you virtually coach or train youth, or you may want to share these with adult clients who are struggling to keep their kids active during this time of social isolation. 

  • Integrate physical-literacy concepts into children’s daily activities and help them to develop physical literacy outside of traditional sports environments 
  • Promote unstructured play 
  • Emphasize the importance of engaging in a wide variety of sports or activities to prevent early specialization and associated stress 

According to The Aspen Institute (2015), the efforts to improve the physical literacy of children have come largely in response to declining rates in physical activity around the world. The risk of physical inactivity among youth are well-known, including weight gain, missed school, worsened academic performance and a higher likelihood of having obesity as an adult.  

From a more positive perspective, children with better-developed motor skills are more active as early as the preschool years, and that trend carries through the grade school years and into adolescence and adulthood. These strange times offer exercise professionals a unique opportunity to work with entire families, helping people of all ages to learn new skills, gain confidence in their abilities and have fun experiences associated with physical activity.  

 

Reference: 

The Aspen Institute (2015). Physical Literacy in the United States: A Model, Strategic Plan, and Call to Action. https://www.aspeninstitute.org/publications/physical-literacy-model-strategic-plan-call-action/ 



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School principals in Australia enduring physical violence, threats


Almost all (97%) school principals in Australia work overtime. More than 70% work more than 56 hours per week during school terms and 25 hours each week of the holidays.

The latest yearly report on the well-being of Australian principals provides a sobering picture of harassment, violence, burnout and mental-health concerns. More than 2,000 Australian principals participated in the 2019 survey.

More than 40% of principals reported being a victim of physical violence in 2019 compared to 27.3% in 2011. Threats of violence toward principals have increased from 37.8% in 2011 to 51.0% in 2019.

Parents are the main offenders of threats, bullying, sexual harassment, conflicts and gossip. Students were responsible for most actual instances of physical violence. These included hitting principals during a meltdown or throwing broken glass.

Read more: Teachers are more depressed and anxious than the average Australian

School principals recognise, promote and build the leadership capacity of staff, students, parents and the community. Research shows school principals play a role in teachers’ well-being. And teachers’ well-being affects student achievement and motivation.

This means improving school principals’ well-being isn’t only important in its own right. It’s important for the school’s other staff and students.

What the survey found

Most school principals told us they had been subjected to two or more types of offensive behaviour in the last 12 months.

Over the last nine years of our surveys, a growing percentage of school principals have been exposed to behaviours such as bullying, physical violence, gossip and slander, sexual harassment, threats of violence and verbal harassment.

Principals told us of parents sometimes threatening them with lawyers or going on social media to downgrade the school. Principals reported being micromanaged by the department, being forced out of school and humiliated by regional management.

In the 2019 survey, principals said they experienced levels of burnout, stress and sleep difficulties that were all at least 1.6 times higher than the general population.

Since our first principal well-being survey in 2011, principals have consistently reported “the sheer quantity of work” and “the lack of time to focus on teaching and learning” as their main sources of stress.

Read more: Bullying, threats and violence: report details the difficult job of a principal

The increasing demands for accountability also cause distress because principals simply do not have enough time to do the “real work” of school leadership – facilitating teaching and learning.

One WA primary school principal told us

In 2019, principals reported the mental health issues of students as their third highest source of stress. They reported job demands, on average, to be 1.6 times higher than for people in the general population.

A secondary school principal from NSW said:

What needs to be done

In 2017, Victoria was the first state to implement substantial changes to work practices consistent with the recommendations from our survey. The government allocated A$4 million to conduct principal health checks and implement well-being strategies which included a principal mentoring program, an early intervention program and free health consultations. It also appointed a principal health and well-being expert to the Victorian Department of Education and Training.

Victoria now has the lowest number of principal reports of self-harm, poor quality of life and poor occupational health. Victorian principals also reported the highest level of job satisfaction.

The Northern Territory also implemented substantial, evidence-based changes to their system in 2019 in line with our recommendations. And Queensland will put in place similar solutions this year.

Both the NT and Queensland’s measures emerged from an extensive top to bottom review of their education systems. Our survey shows the Northern Territory now reports the equal lowest number of serious ill-health indicators along with Victoria, and the second highest level of job satisfaction in the country.

We anticipate Queensland’s new workplace changes will also show marked improvement in subsequent surveys.

Read more: Being able to adapt in the classroom improves teachers’ well-being

These results suggest systematic approaches to the challenges of education make the greatest difference to school principals, and not approaches which seek to address challenges of any specific school setting.

The COVID-19 pandemic has demonstrated the massive amount of responsibility and strain endured by Australia’s educational staff. Principals were responsible for keeping schools open (or in the case of private schools, making the call to close them). They were also responsible for everybody adhering to social distancing guidelines to keep staff and students safe.

And they had to oversee the implementation of a system (online and in hard copy) to provide home-schooled students with adequate learning materials to keep up with the curriculum.

We believe the COVID-19 pandemic could herald a positive shift in community attitudes toward school leaders. It seems, the national school shutdown from COVID-19 restrictions have reminded communities of the vital role school leaders play.

Authors: Theresa Dicke – Senior Research Fellow, Australian Catholic University | Geetanjali Basarkod – Research Manager, Australian Catholic University | Herb Marsh – Distinguished Professor of educational psychology, Australian Catholic University | Jiesi Guo – Senior Research Fellow, Australian Catholic University | Philip D. Parker – Professor, Australian Catholic University | Philip Riley – Associate Professor of Educational Leadership. Director, Australian Principal Health and Wellbeing Survey, Australian Catholic University



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