The secret artwork of a former ‘Dunera Boy’ shipped to Australian internship camp in WWII

The secret artwork of a 19-year-old man who was one of thousands of mostly German and Austrian refugees sent to internment camps in Australia during the 1940s is being displayed in north-east Victoria. 

Paul Mezulianik, along with about 2,000 others, was shipped on board the British passenger ship the Dunera after being designated an “Enemy Alien” by the British government in 1940.

They were interned in camps in rural areas of Australia but released when no longer seen as a threat. Most, but not all, were Jewish.

It was not until about the time of Mezulianik’s death in 2019 that more than 250 pieces of artwork that he had created during the war were found by his step-daughter, hidden in his attic.

Pieces from the collection will be displayed at the Tatura Irrigation and Wartime Camp Museum as part of a three-month exhibition to mark the 81st anniversary of the “Dunera Boys” landing at Tatura.

Monash University Dean of Arts Professor Seumas Spark said one of the “myths” about the Dunera story was that most of the men stayed in Australia.

Mr Spark said only about one in three of the 2,000 men remained in Australia.

Mezulianik returned to Britain during the war where he established his life and career and he kept his artwork a secret for the rest of his life.

“There is about 250 pieces in the collection of beautiful art mostly sketches of studies of human bodies, human form.”

By the time the artwork was discovered, Mezulianik was suffering from dementia and his family was unable to ask him about it. 

“His step-daughter was kind enough to send all the art to me and some of it will be on display,” Professor Spark said. 

“The significance of the art, is that we know Mr Mezulianik, in camp at Tatura, was taught by an artist called Robert Hoffman who was one of Europe’s finest exponents of portraiture.”

Professor Spark said by May 1940, when the war started to look very grim for the Allies and for Britain, Winston Churchill and his government interned these men for fear there were spies among them and they were deported to the edges of the British Empire.

“‘The Dunera brought those men to Australia. They were treated appallingly,” he said.

Professor Spark said by the time the ship had reached Australia there was acceptance that a mistake had been made and slowly the men were released but the damage had been done.

One man took his life during the journey while another man was killed in a fist fight.

“A number of men suffered mental breakdowns,” Professor Spark said.

Despite this, Professor Spark said many of the interned men felt they were in better circumstances than their European counterparts.

“A lot of them will take the position that 57 days on the Dunera was much better than a concentration camp in Europe,” he said.

“So it is something that some Dunera people are reluctant to discuss or to see themselves as victims in any way.”

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Sexual harassment an ‘open secret’ in Victoria’s legal profession

Greater powers to protect lawyers from sexual harassment is one of the key recommendations of a landmark report that found such predatory behaviour was an open secret in Victorian courts.

Former Victorian attorney-general Jill Hennessy and Supreme Court chief justice Anne Ferguson initiated the review in the wake of the High Court’s independent inquiry into former top judge Dyson Heydon.

The report, led by Dr Helen Szoke AO and released on Monday morning, contains 20 recommendations including amending legislation to give the Judicial Commission more power to investigate allegations of sexual harassment.

Dr Helen Szoke who led the reportCredit:Joe Armao

Many women and some men told the inquiry that sexual harassment was an open secret in the legal profession and frequently perpetrated and experienced by barristers. Dr Szoke also found significant barriers to preventing people and witnesses from coming forward.

“Sexual harassment in our courts has to stop. It causes great harm to victim-survivors, and to the community’s confidence in the system. Urgent action on all 20 recommendations is how we change the behaviour and the culture,” Dr Szoke said.

The review also recommended the Attorney-General must take into account whether or not a prospective judge or magistrate was of “good character” before they are appointed to the bench.

The same test would be applied to senior counsel appointments.

Dr Szoke also called for the establishment of a formal complaint mechanism, which included options to lodge a complaint anonymously and independent investigation of allegations.

Attorney-General Jaclyn Symes, who replaced Ms Hennessy last year, said sexual harassment in the workplace was an issue that cannot be ignored.

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The Secret to Achieving Your Gym Goals? Join a Fitness Community

Are you a lone wolf in your journey to your fittest, fastest, strongest self? Many fitness enthusiasts, as well as weightlifters, runners, cyclists, and swimmers, train in solitude and work toward their goals without posting their WOD on Instagram or talking to others about it. Unfortunately, their self-imposed isolation may be hindering their progress.

“Fitness communities—whether it be boot camps, running clubs, or even just a workout partner—all positively impact participation and effort,” says Rob Bell, Ph.D., a sport psychology coach, Ironman, and ultra-marathoner who has served as a mental toughness coach for multiple winners on the PGA Tour, Olympic medalists, and at the University of Notre Dame.

In fact, one study that examined the benefits of social support on weight loss found that people who worked alone on a weight-loss program had a 76 percent completion rate—not bad, but only 24 percent of those participants maintained their weight loss. On the other hand, the participants who worked out with friends had a 95 percent completion rate, with 66 percent of them maintaining their weight loss for at least six months.[1]

Fitness communities can take many forms, including in-person and virtual options: group training sessions led by a coach, fitness classes, online communities with like-minded members (such as, gyms catering to specific workout styles (CrossFit or Pilates), subscriptions tied to specific equipment, and programs with nutrition goals. Each one offers a different experience, and it’s crucial to find the right fit for your personality.

5 Benefits of Joining a Fitness Community

Still not sold on the idea of incorporating others into your fitness routine? Here’s more food for thought on the many perks:

1. Accountability

Remember when you were a kid and the worst thing your dad could say to you when you made a mistake was that he was “disappointed” in you? Well, you’ll be equally reluctant to disappoint your fitness community by skipping a workout.

“Knowing that others will want us there and that our absence affects the entire group forces us to be there,” explains Bell. “It’s a huge external motivator to not let others down.”

2. Self-confidence

If you aren’t familiar with the power of “modeling,” it’s the concept that seeing others do things gives us belief in ourselves—essentially, if they can do it, so can I.

“Being in the same group as others doing tough stuff enhances our own self-image and belief in ourselves because we are all in it together,” says Bell. “The self-comparison, if handled correctly, enhances our own confidence.”

3. Support

A strong fitness community can be a great support system when you need a pat on the back or a pep talk.

“Things will not always go as planned, so it’s helpful to have people to turn to in times of need,” says personal trainer Jessica Kasten, M.S., NSCA-CSCS, CPT, FRCms. “People in your community can lift you up if you’re feeling down and help you identify and solve potential problem areas you may not have seen on your own.”

4. Intensity

People tend to train harder when working in a group setting or with another person due to what’s called the Köhler motivation gain effect.[2]

“Basically, no one in class wants to appear to be the weak one, so they will push harder than they would on their own,” says Kasten. It’s an ideal way to gain a competitive edge and push yourself harder.

A group performing planks.

5. Knowledge

Fitness communities can be great resources for learning more about whatever fitness niche you are passionate about.

“When people engage in a community, they can share ideas and learning materials, see what is working for other people with whom they share a common goal, ask each other questions, and more,” says Kasten. “It can be a great way to get new workout ideas, share recipes, or learn about a new way of doing things.”

Also, It’s All in Your Head

Another reason that fitness communities are valuable and motivating is that they make your brain happy by triggering the release of neurotransmitters.[3]

“Exercise induces endorphins, which can cause people to experience a sense of euphoria and also reduce the perception of physical pain,” says Kasten, referring to the phenomenon often called a “runner’s high.” “Endorphins can also generate a sense of closeness and bonding. People who work out together and experience an endorphin rush together can develop a sense of trust with one another and feel closer after the workout. This experience can help bring people together and create new friendships.”

Aside from endorphins, Bell says there are two other hormones at play: oxytocin, the chemical that drives us to be around people we like and trust, and serotonin, which supports a sense of pride.

How to Find a Community with the Right Vibe

While there’s no shortage of fitness communities out there, it’s not a one-size-fits-all proposition.

“Like any relationship, it can take some trial and error,” says Kasten. “You may have to kiss a few frogs before you find ‘the one,’ but if you are seeking a new fitness community, you will know when you have found your home.”

Look for a group that makes you feel good about yourself, lifts you up instead of bringing you down, is happy to help, encourages healthy competition, and ultimately makes you feel like you are part of the team.

A crossfit gym.

Not sure where to start? BodySpace is a free social fitness platform and—at 2.7 million members—is the largest online fitness community. It’s a digital place to share your struggles, showcase your successes and progress pics, and interact with a network of millions of people all focused on becoming their best selves. Plus, it’s full of tools to help with your transformation based on your goals, and pairs well with the BodyFit app, which contains 2,500 expert-created workouts. The Forums are also free, and categorized by topic (such as supplements, female bodybuilding, contest prep, and workout equipment). And’s social media communities are incredibly active—join the conversations on Twitter, Instagram, Facebook, and YouTube.

  1. Wing, R. R., and Jeffrey, R. W. (1999). Benefits of recruiting participants with friends and increasing social support for weight loss and maintenance. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 67(1), 132-8.
  2. Kerr, N. L, & Hertel, G. (2011). The Kohler group motivation gain: how to motivate the “weak links” in a group. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 5(11), 43-56.
  3. Plante, T. G., et al (2001). Does exercising with another enhance the stress-reducing benefits of exercise? International Journal of Stress Management, 8(3), 201-13.

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Queen’s secret messages to Philip

The Queen paid tribute to Prince Philip, her beloved husband of 70 years, with six very personal touches which were discretely incorporated into his funeral on Sunday.

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Property Unpacked podcast: Is this the secret weapon renters need?

The rental market has been going through some serious ebbs and flows this past year, with vacancy rates in some Australian cities soaring and others lacking in supply to keep up with the increasing rental demand. This has left many tenants in unchartered waters and needing a real edge above the rest in securing their perfect rental.

This week on Property Unpackedwe are joined by renters’ advocate Sarah Elkordi, of The Rent Fairy, who shares with us how she sets applicants up to stand out from the crowd and the growing need for services like her own in today’s rental climate.

She tells us: “I was in property management for ten years and found, there was nothing there to help the tenants.”

“There’s a bit of a gap between tenants, agents and landlords … everybody should be given a fair go, if that means the landlord has 15 applications to choose from, I think all 15 should be sent to the landlord to be chosen, because a lot of the time, it’s just first in first served.”

Then, with the latest Domain Rent Report out, we unpack the results with Editorial Director Adrian Lowe.

Hear the full episode of Property Unpacked on Apple PodcastsSpotify and everywhere else you find your podcasts.

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Peaky Blinders and Harry Potter star Helen McCrory passes away after secret ‘heroic battle’ with cancer, husband Damian Lewis confirms

Peaky Blinders and Harry Potter star Helen McCrory, a legend of the stage and screen, has died aged 52 after a secret ‘heroic battle’ with cancer, her husband Damian Lewis today revealed.

The ‘beautiful and mighty’ actress, who played Polly Gray in hit BBC crime drama Peaky Blinders and Narcissa Malfoy in the globally-loved Potter franchise, died ‘peacefully’ at home surrounded by friends and family. The family had not publicly announced the news of her illness.

In a moving tribute on Twitter, Lewis, star of TV series Homeland, said: ‘I’m heartbroken to announce that after a heroic battle with cancer, the beautiful and mighty woman that is Helen McCrory has died peacefully at home, surrounded by a wave of love from friends and family.

‘She died as she lived. Fearlessly. God we love her and know how lucky we are to have had her in our lives. She blazed so brightly. Go now, Little One, into the air, and thank you.’ 

McCrory, who was awarded the OBE for services to drama in the 2017 New Years Honours, was best known for playing the matriarch Polly in Peaky Blinders and Narcissa Malfoy in the Harry Potter films. 

Her other movie roles included playing MP Clair Dowar in Skyfall and Cherie Blair in The Queen and The Special Relationship. On television, she appeared in Doctor Who, Inside No 9 and His Dark Materials, and last year appeared in the Hugh Laurie drama Roadkill on the BBC and ITV’s Quiz.

She also had an accomplished stage career, winning plaudits for National Theatre roles in productions of Medea and Terence Rattigan’s The Deep Blue Sea. McCrory was also was nominated for an Olivier for her role as Rosalind in As You Like It in at London’s Wyndham’s theatre in 2006.

McCrory and Lewis married in 2007 after falling in love when they were both cast in the play Five Gold Rings at the off-West End Almeida Theatre back in 2003. Together they share a daughter Manon, 14, and son Gulliver, 13.  

The couple were last seen during an appearance on Good Morning Britain last month, where they appeared to speak about their charity work for the Prince’s Trust and the Prince’s Trust Awards.  

McCrory and Lewis led fundraising efforts to provide hot meals for NHS staff during the pandemic. Their work led to almost £1million in donations to the Feed NHS scheme, and partnerships with chains including Leon and Wasabi.

There has been an outpouring of grief following news of McCrory’s death. Actor Jim Howick, who worked with McCrory and her husband on the 2015 comedy film Bill, tweeted: ‘This is so shocking and sad. Helen along with Damien were both terrific fun on Bill.

‘She was so generous with her time and her performance. I urge everyone to listen to her Desert Island Disks. What a talent we have lost.’

Actor Michael Sheen, who worked with McCrory in ITV drama Quiz, paid tribute to the late actress.

He tweeted: ‘So funny, so passionate, so smart and one of the greatest actors of our time. From the first moment I met her when we were just kids it was obvious she was very special.

‘It was an honour to work with her and know her. Much love to Damian and her family. Heartbreaking.’

Piers Wenger, BBC director of drama, paid tribute to McCrory, who starred in the broadcaster’s Peaky Blinders. 

‘Helen was one of the finest actresses this country will ever see,’ he said. ‘From Potter to Peaky, from Blair to Bond, Helen’s fearlessness made every part she played unique and unmissable. 

‘Her body of work speaks of her extraordinary talent, what it doesn’t speak of is her kindness, intelligence and sense of fun. This is too soon, too cruel. Our thoughts are with her family and friends at this incredibly sad time.’

Rev Richard Coles was among those paying tribute. He wrote on Twitter: ‘Very sorry to hear of the death of Helen McCrory, such a brilliant actor; heartfelt condolences to Damian Lewis, their children, and all who loved her.’

Actor and director Noel Clarke said: ‘RIP #HelenMcCrory you were the best and always lovely to me. It was a pleasure to work with you. Love ya. Blessings to Damian and the family.’

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The Return Of The Secret Seven

The Return Of The Secret Seven

The Return Of The Secret SevenThe Return Of The Secret Seven

The Butterfly Club

Mon 12 to Sun 18 Apr

Follow the misadventures of a resourceful team of idiots who face the (f)unknown. A cult favourite The Return of the Secret Seven brings together Australia’s most prolific improvisors and comedians to create a night of bespoke comedy.

Watch as this enigmatic group of satirical vigilantes undertake below-secret assignments and overcome obstacles as they try to get from point A (the start of the show) to point B (60 mins later) – invariably with laughable results. This blurb will self-destruct shortly.


Monday 12 April 2021 7:00pm

Tuesday 13 April 2021 7:00pm

Wednesday 14 April 2021 7:00pm

Thursday 15 April 2021 7:00pm

Friday 16 April 2021 7:00pm

Saturday 17 April 2021 7:00pm

Sunday 18 April 2021 7:00pm


Full $35

Concession $31

Tightarse Tuesday $28

Member $28

Group (6+) $28

The Butterfly Club is a licensed venue. Under 18s can only attend if accompanied by a parent or legal guardian.

❊ When & Where ❊

Date/s: Monday 12th April 2021 – Sunday 18th April 2021

Times: 7:00pm

❊ Venue ❊

 The Butterfly Club  Events 11
⊜ 5 Carson Place Melbourne | Map

The Butterfly Club5 Carson Place, Melbourne, , 3001

✆ Event: | Venue: (03) 9663 8107

Book Online Here

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❊ Be Social ❊

❊ Coronavirus (COVID-19) Update ❊

As Victoria takes action to stop the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19), events may be cancelled at short notice. Please confirm details before making plans | Disclaimer

❊ Web Links ❊

The Return Of The Secret Seven

→ Melbourne International Comedy Festival 2021

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Secret Prince album set for release

Prince’s mythical basement vault has been raided for more musical gold from the late pop legend, with his fabled Welcome 2 America album to be released in July.

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Prince Harry and Meghan Markle were not married in secret wedding, Archbishop of Canterbury says

Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby has contradicted Meghan, the Duchess of Sussex’s claim that she and Prince Harry were married several days before the official lavish ceremony at Windsor Castle in 2018.

The Duchess told Oprah Winfrey in an interview in March she wed the Duke of Sussex in a secret ceremony officiated by the Archbishop a few days before the Windsor event, which was held in a glare of royal pomp and pageantry.

“You know, three days before our wedding, we got married — no-one knows that,” she said.

“Just the two of us in our backyard with the Archbishop of Canterbury.”

This was one of the many revelations which came out of the interview.

However, the Archbishop has been quoted as stating this was not true. 

German newspaper Die Welt quoted the Archbishop saying the events the duchess described would have been illegal for him.

“The legal marriage took place on that Saturday,” he said. 

“I would have committed a crime if I had signed something that was not true.”

The Archbishop is quoted as saying he personally signed the marriage certificate. 

Meghan speaks in a television interview.
The duchess told Oprah Winfrey she was married to the duke before their famous wedding.(

Supplied: CBS


He said he had earlier had a “series of private and pastoral meetings” with the pair, but declined to give details on the conversation.

“If you talk to a priest, you can expect that conversation to remain private,” he said. 

British media have previously published a copy of the wedding certificate showing the official marriage occurred at Windsor Castle, with the official who drew up the licence saying the duchess was either confused or misinformed. 

Some have suggested the couple had perhaps exchanged some simple vows before the Archbishop.


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Netanyahu’s Secret Formula for Staying in Power

The biggest threats to Netanyahu include parties led by two Likud defectors and the centrist Yesh Atid Party, the second-largest party in the Knesset, Israel’s parliament. Yesh Atid is led by Yair Lapid, a former television broadcaster and finance minister. Lapid might not become prime minister after this election (even he acknowledges that he has only a “fair chance”), but he has proved to be a resilient leader, one who has been serially underestimated but who now causes Netanyahu significant worry.

I called Lapid last week to ask him to explain the convoluted nature of Israeli politics, and Netanyahu’s uncanny ability to save himself at the last moment. We also talked about the U.S.-Israel relationship, which is in danger, he said, if Netanyahu continues his seemingly endless reign.

This interview has been edited for clarity and concision.

Jeffrey Goldberg: You think you can win the prime ministership this time?

Yair Lapid: I think we have a fair chance. But it’s too complicated. Our system is so much different than yours. One good thing about the American system is that you know who is president on the day of the election.

Goldberg: Wait, are you making a joke?

Lapid: Okay, not Bush v. Gore, or Trump and Biden.

Goldberg: I do get your point. No crazy coalition-building each time. So how does Netanyahu do it? How does he keep his job election after election?

Lapid: He was the first one to understand that the battle in Israel is not between right and left, even though he uses these terms. He made the battle between Jews and Israelis. The tension between the two identities. He’s exploited it well.

Goldberg: Please explain.

Lapid: The Jewish people come out of the Holocaust with two different, contradictory sentiments. One is that we just have to survive, we can’t trust anyone, we need a strong army—we just need to survive. We saw what happened to us when we didn’t have a country of our own. The other sentiment is that we need to have liberal values, be part of the civilized world, in part because we know what happens to us when the world becomes uncivilized.

Goldberg: This has always been the tension.

Lapid: Yes, until Netanyahu. These two impulses contradict each other on a daily basis. This is the basic tension of the State of Israel. Bibi was the first one to come and say, “This isn’t a choice. This is just about survival. We don’t have to live with this tension.” This is a very powerful temptation for people. He’s a skilled man, and this has worked for him.

Goldberg: You think he’s the innovator here?

Lapid: Ben-Gurion, Begin, Rabin—they all lived inside the tension. This tension is the reason that the United States chose a small country in the Middle East to be its ally.

Now that he’s been indicted, especially, he’s gotten closer to this movement that [Hungarian Prime Minister] Viktor Orbán calls “illiberal democracy.” The one problem with illiberal democracy is that there is no such thing. If you’re illiberal, you’re not democratic. It’s not a real thing; it’s just a catchphrase. If you’re the leader of a democracy, you have to protect democratic values. He doesn’t care about these anymore.

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