These Russian Tanks Helped Stop Hitler in His Tracks

Here’s What You Need to Know: The Red Army was an early practitioner of mechanized warfare.

In the first six months of Operation Barbarossa, the brutal Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union, Panzer tanks overran hundreds of miles of Soviet territory and reached the outskirts of Moscow before winter weather and reinforcements from Siberia brought a halt to their advance. In a period when the Red Army seemed on the verge of collapse, a lumbering forty-eight-ton heavy tank that could absorb German tank shells like so many spitballs was one factor that bought it badly needed time.

The Red Army was an early practitioner of mechanized warfare, with thousands of light T-26 and BT tanks in its operational units when Germany invaded. It also also developed huge T-28 and T-35 multiturret heavy tanks to punch through enemy defenses. However, these hulking “land battleships” proved ill conceived: they had great difficulty negotiating rough terrain, and their large hulls were surprisingly poorly armored.

Therefore, in the late 1930s, designer Josef Kotin rushed into production the simpler, more densely armored Kliment Voroshilov, named after the Soviet defense minister. The early-model KV-1s boasted an extraordinary seventy to ninety millimeters of armor, rendering them impenetrable to the standard thirty-seven- or forty-five-millimeter antitank guns of the day. By contrast, early war German Panzers ranged in armor from ten to thirty-five millimeters and weighed less than half that.

For armament, the KV-1 had a single short-barrel seventy-six-millimeter L11 gun in the turret, as well as 7.62-millimeter machine guns in the hull and turret. There was even a third machine gun in the rear of the turret to fend off ambushing infantry.

The KV-1 debuted promisingly against the Finnish during the 1939–40 Winter War, with only one lost in action. The Soviets busily iterated, and the 1940-model KV-1s added higher-velocity seventy-six-millimeter F32 guns to that could bust Panzers with ease, and caked on even more armor. The KVs were organized into small sixteen- to twenty-two-vehicle battalions which served alongside T-34 mediums tanks in mixed brigades. The T-34 was cheaper and faster, had similar armament, and was also quite tough—but still not as tough as the KV-1.

The Soviets also produced over three hundred KV-2 tanks, which had a huge boxy turret mounting a massive 152-millimeter howitzer for swatting concrete bunkers. Though its shells could annihilate anything they hit, the fifty-seven-ton KV-2 was so unstable it couldn’t fire when on uneven terrain or while moving, and it did not reenter production after nearly all were lost in 1941.

Roadblock at Raseiniai

The Soviets Union only disposed of 337 KV-1s and 132 KV-2s in the Western military district when the Nazis invaded. German intelligence somehow failed to identify the threat they posed. However, the Wehrmacht should have had an inkling of its heavy tank problem from its experiences in the Battle of France, when Panzers faced heavily-armored Matilda II and Char B1 tanks that their guns could not penetrate. Unfortunately, the Allied heavies lacked the combined arms and logistical support to capitalize on initial battlefield success.

German commanders had also countered with heavy antiaircraft guns or howitzers in direct-fire mode to penetrate heavy armor. This was not ideal for an army on the attack, however, as the artillery had to be towed into position by soft-skinned vehicles and required minutes of setup time. Deploying them in front of advancing enemy tanks bristling with firepower was a risky business.

The shortcomings of this approach became evident in the Battle of Raseiniai, in the opening days of Operation Barbarossa. On June 23, German tankers in Czech-built 35(t) tanks were startled when KVs of the Second Tank Division rolled straight through their regiment, unperturbed by ricocheting thirty-seven-millimeter shells, to rampage amongst the infantry behind them. The 35(t)s had to wheel around and chase after the Russian heavies, eventually immobilizing some with hits to the tracks and driving off the rest.

However, one of the KVs penetrated far behind German lines before running out of fuel directly in the supply lines of the Sixth Panzer Division on June 24. When a fuel-and-ammunition convoy attempted to pass the seemingly abandoned tank, it opened fire and set twelve of the trucks ablaze. A battery of fifty-millimeter antitank guns began smacking the tank with high-velocity shells, but the Russian behemoth wiped it out it with cannon fire.

Then the Germans tried setting up a more powerful eighty-eight-millimeter flak gun seven hundred meters away to destroy the Russian tank, but it too was knocked out before it could land a shell on target.

That night, German pioneers tried sneaking up to the tank and blow it up with satchel charges. But as the sappers made a dash for the tank, its machine guns blazed into action, foiling the attack.

Perturbed that a single Russian tank had delayed an entire Panzer division for twenty-four hours, Gen. Erhard Raus coordinated a tank-infantry-artillery assault the following morning. The crew was stunned by repeated hits, including several penetrating shots from flak guns. German Schutzen finally climbed on top of the tank’s hull only for the turret to begin rotating! They hastily chucked grenades through some of the shell holes, bringing an end to the crew’s heroic stand.

Shock at Kamenevo

Despite the intimidating armor and firepower of the T-34 and KV tanks, the Wehrmacht seemed to roll on to victory after victory. After encircling and destroying over six hundred thousand Soviet troops in Kiev in September, the Germans finally committed to a drive on Moscow. The tip of the armored spear piercing northeast towards the Soviet capital was led by the Fourth Panzer Division’s Kampfgruppe Eberbach. This combined arms force included a motorcycle-infantry battalion, five companies of Panzer III and IV tanks, and nine towed eighty-eight- and 105-millimeter guns.

On the morning of October 6, 1941, the Kampfgruppe overran infantry and T-26 light tanks defending the town of Kamenevo, close to Mtsensk, 170 miles southwest of Moscow. However, as the Panzers rolled up the road leading to Tula, they were started to behold a vast armada of T-34 and KV tanks charging towards their left flank across an open plain. The night before, Col. Mikhail Katukov had hidden his Fourth Tank Brigade in an ambush position. The Soviet armor now pounced in a concentrated rush.

Heavy guns deployed on an overlooking ridge began picking off Soviet tanks, but there were too few to stem the tide. The armored horde overran the ridge, crushing several of the guns under their treads, and plunged into a wild melee with the undergunned Panzers. The only bright side for the Germans was at that short range, they had a slightly better chance of penetrating the thick Russian armor from the side.

Amidst the chaos of milling Russian tanks, Eberbach was eventually able to fall back, losing around a dozen tanks destroyed or damaged while knocking out eight of the Russian heavies—at least by their own count. The first winter snow arrived the following day. The Wehrmacht would secure the Mtsensk region three weeks later, but Katukov’s counterattack had fatally upset the pace of their advance, which fell just short of Moscow before the Russian winter froze it for good.

That victory came at great cost. The Red Army had lost nine hundred KV-1s and 2,300 T-34s by December 1941.

Unreliable Steel Beast

Through 1943 the Soviets built more than four thousand KV-1s, with successive model initially bolting on more and more armor to the overloaded vehicle. This trend peaked with model 1942 KV-1c, which boasted a ZiS-5 seventy-six-millimeter gun, a maximum of 130 millimeters of armor—and a road speed of just seventeen miles per hour! These assumed a major role in the Soviet offensives of 1942. There was also a run of around seventy KV-8s sporting flamethrowers in place of their main guns.

However, while the KVs were nearly invulnerable to early-war German tanks, they suffered from terrible visibility and defective transmissions. Frequent mechanical breakdowns and slow speed meant they struggled to keep up with the T-34s alongside which they served.

Finally recognizing these crushing defects, Soviet factories followed up with the lighter KV-1S, which selectively trimmed armor down to seventy-five millimeters, while fixing the transmission and vision slits. The more reliable vehicle could keep pace at twenty-eight miles per hour.

But by that time, new German tanks with improved armor and long-barreled seventy-five- or eighty-eight-millimeter guns could penetrate the KV’s formerly near-impervious armor. While the KVs were still tough, that no longer made up for their high expense and by then merely average firepower.

Thus, the KV-1 was fated to fade from prominence, unlike its stablemate the T-34. Only a few battalions of KVs served in the Battle of Kursk, the titanic armored clash of the summer of 1943. These proved completely outclassed in confrontations with new German Tiger and Panther tanks.

To counter that threat, Soviet factories churned out 148 KV-85s, a stopgap model upgraded with an eighty-five-millimeter gun. However, tank designers were already working on installing the gun on the T-34 tank, while the more heavily armed and armored Joseph Stalin series of tanks took over the KV’s role. Still, small numbers of surviving KV-1s would serve through the remainder of the war, including in the siege of Leningrad, the recapture of Crimea and the invasion of Japanese-held Manchuria in August 1945.

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Woman is struck by a train after being pushed onto the tracks at an NYC subway station

Terrifying moment a woman, 40, is shoved onto subway tracks at a Manhattan station by a man in a ‘unprovoked’ attack – but escapes with only minor injuries

  • A 40-year-old woman Thursday morning after a man pushed her in front of an oncoming train
  • Cops described the attack as ‘unprovoked’
  • They arrested 24-year-old homeless man Aditya Vemulapati and charged him with attempted murder, assault and reckless endangerment
  • The incident happened just before 8.30am at Union Square station
  • The woman became trapped under the train and FDNY had to shut down the power to rescue her
  • She had been able to lay flat on the track bed as the train went over her
  • Two subway cars passed over her before the train came to a stop 
  • She suffered non-life-threatening injuries and was taken to Bellevue Hospital  

The shocking moment a woman was shoved into the path of an incoming train by a stranger in a Manhattan subway station on Thursday morning was captured on surveillance footage. 

The unidentified 40-year-old woman miraculously escaped with only minor injuries after lying flat on the track bed as the train passed over her. 

She was pushed from the northbound 4/5/6 platform at the 14th St – Union Square station at around 8.45am. 

Her assailant, 24-year-old homeless man Aditya Vemulapati immediately turned himself in after the ‘unprovoked’ attack.  

Scroll down for video 

He was charged with attempted murder, assault and reckless endangerment on Thursday afternoon.    

According to CBS, witnesses said they saw Vemulapati pacing and muttering to himself on the platform before pushing the woman as the train pulled in.

He allegedly didn’t say a word as he pushed her and made no attempt to run away.  

‘A suspect was immediately taken into custody after a vicious and unprovoked assault at 14th St Union Sq,’ NYPD Transit said. ‘This is an ongoing investigation.’ 

Emergency responders rushed to the scene after receiving several frantic 911 calls. 

They found the unidentified 40-year-old woman trapped under a 5 train with a head injury and FDNY ordered power to the tracks to be shut down as they pulled the victim out. 

She had allegedly been able to lay flat on the track bed as the train went over her, avoiding major injuries. Two subway cars passed over her before the train came to a stop. 

A woman was hospitalized on Thursday morning after being pushed onto the tracks at Union Square subway station and struck by a 5 train in an unprovoked attack on a male assailant

A woman was hospitalized on Thursday morning after being pushed onto the tracks at Union Square subway station and struck by a 5 train in an unprovoked attack on a male assailant

FDNY rescue the 40-year-old woman pushed under a train by a stranger on Thursday

FDNY rescue the 40-year-old woman pushed under a train by a stranger on Thursday

FDNY had to cut off the power to the train as they rescued the woman from under a car

FDNY had to cut off the power to the train as they rescued the woman from under a car

Her injuries were considered non-life-threatening and she was alert and conscious but was taken to Bellevue Hospital, cops said. 

‘It was by the grace of God that she sustained only minor injuries,’ NYPD Transit Chief Kathleen O’Reilly said. 

‘We see him waiting and calculating when the train comes into the station, and at the opportune moment he pushed her to the tracks.

‘Twenty-two million passengers pass through this station every year, so it’s fortunate for us that our officers knew exactly where they needed to be,’ O’Reilly added. 

Crowds looked on as the woman was rescued

An MTA worker clearing the crowd

Crowds looked on as the woman was rescued. Witnesses were able to identify the attacker who  immediately surrendered to an MTA train service supervisor by lying on the ground

Emergency responders rushed to the scene after receiving several frantic 911 calls at 8.30am

Emergency responders rushed to the scene after receiving several frantic 911 calls at 8.30am

Witnesses pointed out Vemulapati and he immediately surrendered to an MTA train service supervisor by lying on the ground, the New York Daily News reports.

‘We have a lot of people coming through here … including the homeless,’ Capt. Anthony Guadagno, commander of Transit District 4, said of Union Station. 

‘As soon as the incident happened, the suspect saw an MTA worker and put himself on the ground. Immediately thereafter, an officer made the apprehension.’ 

‘This is someone who was minding their business waiting to go to work and then suddenly someone comes out of nowhere and throws them on the tracks,’ New York City Transit Interim President Sarah Feinberg told Daily News. 

‘This city has a mental health crisis and people are desperate for mental care.’ 

Thursday morning’s assault was the second time in 14 hours that a person was pushed onto NYC subway tracks by a stranger. 

On Wednesday evening, a 36-year-old man was also beaten and shoved to the train tracks at 42nd St.-Bryant Park by a panhandler.

The man had allegedly refused to give his attacker change. Cops are now looking for a suspect who was pictured wearing a red tracksuit.  

NYPD have asked anyone who witnessed the attacks to call 800-577-TIPS.


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Mother-in-law tracks what she spends on daughter with spreadsheet

The American mother-in-law has kept a spreadsheet of everything she has spent on her daughter for the past ten years.

*Paul felt bile rise up from his stomach as he scrolled through the seemingly-endless spreadsheet.

His eyes zoned in on payments for clothing items, medical bills and dinners out, with the amount and date carefully recorded alongside it. 

The document represented every single cent his mother-in-law had spent on her daughter (and Paul’s wife) in the last ten years. 

He was convinced that only a “narcissist” would think that something like this was appropriate.

But that’s exactly how the American dad would describe his MIL.

“Everything has to be about her and how she benefits from every situation,” he explains to Kidspot.

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Paul’s mother-in-law has been adding into the spreadsheet for the past ten years. Source: Supplied to Kidspot

“My mother-in-law judges everything we do – from how to raise our child to our relationship”

She first revealed her true colours shortly after Paul and his future wife started dating. 

Paul remembered his future wife telling him that her mother had complained about them spending “too much” time together – which meant that she wasn’t getting enough attention. 

“As it turned out she (my MIL) was – and still is –  jealous of her daughter,” he explains.

“Once we got married and my wife moved in, it wasn’t as bad.

“But I did have to deal with her constantly bad mouthing me at every opportunity and always behind my back.

“She’s constantly trying to get her opinion in in all aspects of my wife’s life – from how to raise our child to our relationship.” 

RELATED: How to be the worst mother-in-law ever

“My mother-in-law says we owe her $14k”

Paul says that the spreadsheet is just another part of his MIL’s attempt to exert control over their lives. 

She meticulously records every cent that is spent on Paul’s wife, and when she expects to be paid back. 

Currently, the total amount sits at around US$10k (AU$14k), which Paul and his wife are paying off in US$50 (AU$79) installments each month.

“Doing the maths on that, it will take over 16 years for us to pay it off,” Paul says.

“Honestly, I expect to be paying her the money until the day she dies.

“I’ve started jokingly calling the payment my ‘tithe to Satan’.

“But it’s really just like a bribe to keep someone with such a cold heart happy.”

RELATED: Mother-in-law helps husband to divorce his wife

5 keys to a healthy relationship

“My marriage is worth fighting for”

In an ideal world, Paul wishes that he could get his MIL to relax about the money – and simply enjoy being a grandparent.

This is for his wife’s sake, who he says often feels “embarrassed” about her mother’s “disruptive” behaviour.

For his part, Paul says that no matter what his MIL throws at them, he will be sticking by his wife.

“Our love is worth fighting for. My wife is an amazing person that’s somehow turned out to be an amazing woman,” he adds.

“We have a happy healthy 18-month-old baby that I would do anything for and couldn’t imagine life without.

“My fight has resulted in his life and I wouldn’t have it any other way.”

*Names have been changed

If you have any stories that you would like to share with us, please email

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Sheriff’s Helicopter Pilot Tracks Suspects After Alert From His Own Ring Camera

Some suspected car burglars picked the wrong target in Deltona, Florida, in the early hours of September 13, when they were caught on a Ring camera in the driveway of a sheriff’s pilot. The pilot was in the air at the time, was alerted by the Ring system, and was soon on the tail of the suspects. The Volusia Sheriff’s Office said the airborne deputy notified Volusia deputies and then identified the vehicle from the sky. When deputies attempted a traffic stop, the vehicle fled into Seminole County, the sheriff’s office said. There, deputies deployed stop sticks, the vehicle slowed down and the suspects bailed out while it was still rolling. Three suspects, aged 16, 15 and 14, were taken into custody, police said, adding: “Their gray Acura RDX was reported stolen out of Orange County, and inside were several wallets, a ski mask and a window breaching tool. Deputies were able to link the suspects to several car breaks in Deltona.” Credit: Volusia County Sheriff’s Office via Storyful

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CPPIB tracks four ways the pandemic is changing us to hone its investing strategy

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The CPPIB report suggests investors, including the pension giant, will also be tracking the impact on cities and infrastructure, including changes in commuting and other travel and mobility trends, as well as a potential shift of populations away from the largest, most densely-populated urban centres.

In terms of the impact on global supply chains, the report suggests beneficiaries of the pandemic will include providers of supply chain software and automation.

“Radical” changes in behaviours occurred during lockdowns imposed to slow the spread of COVID-19, largely driven by health and economic concerns as well as political uncertainty, according to CPPIB, with potentially long-lasting effects. These are being taken into consideration as the $434 billion fund makes investing decisions.

“As COVID-19 impacts consumers, businesses and governments, we continue to monitor and assess the changing landscape as part of our ongoing risk management efforts, and to identify new investment opportunities,” said Leon Pedersen, managing director and head of thematic investing at CPP Investments.

In an interview, Pedersen said the insights are already playing into investment discussions for his unit, formed in 2014 and now valued at roughly $6 billion, which invests along six themes dealing with structural change including technology, demographics and climate.

“We are making investments along those lines,” he said, adding that one investment in the deal pipeline is in the area of tele-health.

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Tasmanian Overland Track’s new hut, in Waterfall Valley, a marvel of modern construction

Nestled behind Cradle Mountain, a day’s walk through steep sub-alpine wilderness from the nearest road, sits a brand new hut.

The new Waterfall Valley hut — the latest addition to the collection of six huts dotted along Tasmania’s popular multi-day walk, the Overland Track — is bigger, warmer, ‘healthier’ and more energy-efficient than the one it replaces.

That is according to Nic Deka, of Tasmania Parks and Wildlife, who said it was built using state-of-the-art materials and technologies.

More impressive still was the effort made to construct it: building a hut in a wild and climatically harsh location like Waterfall Valley remained far from straightforward.

So, how was it actually accomplished?

The new hut and rangers’ quarters at Waterfall Valley.(Supplied: Tasmania Parks and Wildlife Service)

A frustrating start

With the builders contracted to construct the hut initially unable to access the Waterfall Valley site, the project got off to a sluggish start.

“We actually couldn’t get to site for the first month of the contract because such a miserable weather front came through,” Adam Ritson, co-director of the firm involved, said.

Then improved conditions let the team start flying in the heavy structural components of the new hut, plus the materials to create a camp for the crew.

“For the first week [of a remote build] it’s typical that you would fly solid for three or four days straight … just to get all that gear in,” Mr Ritson said.

Builders loading building materials next to a helicopter.
The start of the project involved flying in many loads of materials.(Supplied: Adam Ritson)

Prefabrication the key

To minimise flights into the site and the costs associated with them, much of the new hut needed to be built off-site.

All the framework, with windows, doors and cladding incorporated where possible, was constructed in a workshop in Devonport.

A team of builders in high vis working on a building site in a remote bush setting in sunny weather
Builders worked eight days on, six days off for eight months to complete the hut.(Supplied: Tasmania Parks and Wildlife Service)

“The cost to construct things in the workshop is probably half what it would cost to build it on-site,” Mr Ritson said.

This is due to the workshop work being faster and cheaper by the hour, and the fact that fuel for power and food for the builders did not need paying for in the workshop, and to prefabrication leading to less waste.

“If you fly something in that’s prefabricated there’s no waste components, so you’re not flying waste back out as well,” Mr Ritson said.

Interior of a hut, showing minimalist design and timber surfaces, with stunning mountain view through window.
Prefabrication of components for both the interior and exterior of the hut was important.(Supplied: The Tasmania Parks and Wildlife Service)

Flying in odd items

All the components flown into the site were attached to the end of a ‘long line’, and it was critical for Mr Ritson’s team to consider not only the weight of each load, but its shape.

“Unusual loads we pre-rig in a workshop with a crane to test it for balance.

“There is quite a lot to know about that, and in five years of doing this stuff we’ve learned a lot of tricks …simply because of our exposure to flying odd items.”

A helicopter carrying part of a hut using a long cable with bushland surroundings
Part of an external wall of the new hut being flown in.(Supplied: Adam Ritson)

Working with the weather

Despite the build taking place in the mildest months of the year, ‘snow days’ were frequent, and good-weather windows were short.

“It can do anything up there — we had snow at various stages right through the build, and that started in November,” Mr Ritson said.

Site supervisor Glynn Bound said dealing with the weather was probably the most difficult part of the build.

A pair of hikers dressed in long jackets, pants and gloves walking on a snow-covered track, through vegetation heavy with snow
Snow can fall at any time of year on the Overland Track.(Supplied: Tasmania Parks and Wildlife Service)

“Certainly if you have eight days of snow and you’ve got to work in it, it can become challenging to keep everyone motivated,” he said.

“You’ve just got to work through it — you can’t just go home if it’s a bad day.”

Keeping up morale

Quickly leaving a remote site if someone was injured was equally impossible, Mr Ritson said.

“You gotta be pretty careful in there — it’s not like you can just jump in the car and head to the hospital,” he said.

A team of builders working in high vis in a remote bush setting with a helicopter flying in a part overhead
Remote work calls for safety and good mental health to be top priorities.(Supplied: AJR Construct)

According to Mr Ritson, one of the most serious types of ill-health that can come with remote construction work is the mental sort.

“These guys live in close quarters for eight days at a time … and we can get cases of cabin fever,” he said.

Making sure communications were good, both within the company, and between the builders and their families, was something Mr Ritson prioritised.

“For an eight-month project, you’re pretty well hampered if you don’t have good comms,” he said.

“It’s key to keeping the guys comfortable and focused on what they’ve got to do.”

A modern hut under construction by a team of builders in a remote setting with Barn Bluff in the distance
Builders on this remote job were kept in touch with the wider world.(Supplied: Tasmania Parks and Wildlife Service)

Pride in the end product

So, has the new hut met expectations? For Mr Deka, who had a hand in commissioning it, the answer was yes.

“It’s a relatively simple structure, but it’s very functional, and I think it sits very well within the landscape at Waterfall Valley,” he said.

“[It] is not only better for walkers who are staying in the huts, it’s better for the building, and it will also save us money in the long term.”

Mr Bound said that despite the difficulties of constructing the state-of-the-art hut, he and his crew members felt proud of their work on it.

“It’s pretty impressive to see something like that pop up in the middle of the bush in a remote location,” he said.

A jagged and rocky snow-covered mountain peak.
The views make it all worth it.(Supplied: Tasmania Parks and Wildlife Service)

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Locals stopped in their tracks by NSW-Victoria border closure

When the permit web site crashed soon just after launching, border town citizens experienced no plan how they could get to work, school or health care.

(Impression: AAP/Lukas Coch)

Residents from border cities throughout New South Wales and Victoria sense they have been saved in the darkish about accessing permits needed to function, examine and acquire medical treatment.

Victorian Premier Daniel Andrews announced on Monday the border would near at midnight Tuesday — for the to start with time since the Spanish flu epidemic in 1919 — as the state battles its surge of COVID-19 instances.

With far more than 50 land crossings amongst NSW and Victoria, closing the border is a mammoth logistical problem that will be enforced by hundreds of police.

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NASCAR: Only one noose found in sweep at 29 tracks

A noose found in the Number 43 garage stall, assigned to driver Bubba Wallace, at Talladega Superspeedway in Talladega, Alabama, U.S. June 21, 2020 is seen in a photograph released by NASCAR on June 25, 2020. NASCAR/Handout via REUTERS.

June 25, 2020

NASCAR released a photo Thursday of the noose found in the garage of Bubba Wallace at Talladega Superspeedway, two days after the FBI said photographic evidence showed that the noose was a way to pull down the garage door and had been there since last fall.

President Steve Phelps said NASCAR asked officials at 29 tracks to inspect their garages. In looking at 1,684 garage stalls, they found 11 pull-down ropes that were knotted and one tied into a noose — the one at the Alabama track in the stall of Wallace, who is Black.

“Upon learning of and seeing the noose, our initial reaction was to protect our driver. We’re living in a highly charged and emotional time. What we saw was a symbol of hate and was only present in one area of the garage and that was of the 43 car of Bubba Wallace,” Phelps said. “In hindsight, I should have used the word ‘alleged’ in our statement.

“As you can see from the photo, the noose was real, as was our concern for Bubba.”

Wallace is the only Black driver on NASCAR’s premier Cup Series and the leading voice behind the sport’s push for racial equality, including its recent ban of the Confederate flag at its facilities.

The noose was found by a Richard Petty Motorsports crew member Sunday night, bringing immediate rebukes from Wallace and NASCAR, and leading to the FBI’s involvement.

“After a thorough review of the facts and evidence surrounding this event, we have concluded that no federal crime was committed,” the FBI said in a statement on Tuesday. “The FBI learned that garage number 4, where the noose was found, was assigned to Bubba Wallace last week. The investigation also revealed evidence, including authentic video confirmed by NASCAR, that the noose found in garage number 4 was in that garage as early as October 2019.

“Although the noose is now known to have been in garage number 4 in 2019, nobody could have known Mr. Wallace would be assigned to garage number 4 last week.”

–Field Level Media

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