Coronavirus Australia live updates: Concern for vulnerable communities after positive cases detected in Queensland; 15 people arrested in anti-lockdown protests in Melbourne; 76 cases, 11 deaths in Victoria overnight, 5 cases in NSW; Plan to have Australia open ‘by Christmas’


More than 410,000 people in the US could die from the coronavirus by January 1, more than doubling the current death toll, a new model often cited by top health officials predicted Friday.

That would mean 224,000 more lives lost in the US over the next four months.

Near-universal mask use could cut the number of projected additional fatalities by more than half, according to the model from the University of Washington’s Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.

But it also warns the cumulative death toll could be much higher by the new year if all restrictions are eased.

“If a herd immunity strategy is pursued, meaning no further government intervention is taken from now to Jan 1st, the death toll could increase to 620,000,” according to IHME’s briefing.

The death rate could reach nearly 3,000 a day by December, an unprecedented number, due in part to “declining vigilance of the public,” the IHME expects.



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White House coronavirus Dr. Scott atlas urges governors to prioritize vulnerable populations


Dr. Scott Atlas, right, President Donald Trump’s new pandemic advisor, gestures as Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis looks on during a news conference at the University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine and Heart Institute Monday, Aug. 31, 2020, in Tampa, Fla. (AP Photo/Chris O’Meara)

OAN Newsroom
UPDATED 1:36 PM PT – Tuesday, September 1, 2020

According to Dr. Scott Atlas of the coronavirus task force, protecting vulnerable populations needs to be the number one priority in the fight against COVID-19. He made those remarks while meeting with Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis on Monday.

Dr. Atlas said based on worldwide research, priorities should be protecting the vulnerable, preventing hospital overcrowding and opening society. He also noted prolonged lockdowns are extraordinarily harmful, which is something he has pointed out several times in the past few weeks.

The doctor also praised Gov. DeSantis for his approach to COVID-19, especially when it comes to reopening schools.

“We also have to always remember when you lockdown and quarantine people who are healthy but happened to be testing positive, you are creating enormous harms to them, to their family,” Dr. Atlas stated. “We are the only country of our peer nations in the Western world who are this hysterical about opening schools.”

His remarks came after Gov. DeSantis vowed to never lockdown Florida again. The Republican governor said it’s been proven ineffective in reducing the COVID-19 mortality rate.

RELATED: Wuhan students go back to school





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COVID-positive vulnerable people turned away from hotel quarantine


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In one case, a COVID-19-positive man who had severe mental health issues and was struggling with homelessness was refused quarantine accommodation because the program was unable to support the complexity of his needs. He continued to move around the community while infectious.

In another case, a man who tested positive to the virus resorted to sleep in a fire-damaged building with no heating or running water because his application for accommodation was lodged at 6pm on a weekday and all applications are approved by the Department of Justice and Community Safety before 5pm.

Victoria’s botched hotel quarantine program for returned overseas travellers has been linked to 99 per cent of second-wave coronavirus cases in Victoria.

As the number of returned travellers to Victoria dwindled in July, the program began providing accommodation to Victorians unable to safely isolate at home for 14 days or who posed a risk of transmission to others due to shared living amenities such as bathrooms.

Another Victorian man with a disability, who was a close contact of an infected person and had symptoms of the virus, was sent back to isolate in the group home he lived in, despite serious concerns about the risk he would infect others.

After his application for emergency accommodation was rejected, the man remained in a home shared by others with disabilities, who use the same kitchen and bathroom facilities.

A single mother of two children with autism, one of whom tested positive to the virus, was also rejected by the program, a government source said. Clinicians deemed the family were inseparable due to the children’s complex needs.

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A request was made for them to be able to isolate together in a hotel. The woman’s application was rejected because she had an autism assistance dog for her children.

After staff handling their application challenged the decision, the family was offered emergency accommodation through the Hotels for Heroes program, which supports frontline healthcare workers who are required to quarantine or isolate.

Other Victorians exposed to the virus have been sent back into aged care homes, supported residential living facilities, or had their applications rejected because they have failed to fill out their date of birth or were homeless and therefore had no fixed address, the source said.

A state government spokeswoman said any cases rejected by the hotel quarantine program were referred to specialist welfare services, including mental health, drug and alcohol and disability support.

In August, about 8 per cent of referrals to the emergency accommodation program were deemed unsuitable due to highly-complex needs.

The government on Monday could not confirm how many of the 37 rejected applicants were offered alternative emergency accommodation through other services.

“A lot of them just went around in circles and stayed out in the community until they were eligible for clearance,” the government employee said. “There is a big gap particularly for people with mental health issues or a disability.”

The source said Victorians deemed “low-risk” by public health officials were accepted into the accommodation, while high-risk applications were rejected.

“It strongly comes across that there is a risk aversion,” the source said. “It seems that anything that poses any risk to the hotel quarantine program, so anyone who has behavioural or mental health issues, who needs specialised medical care or additional support, they are being knocked back and then they are just being let back out into the community.”

The government spokeswoman declined to comment on the specific examples of people who had been refused emergency accommodation in hotel quarantine.

“There are rigorous assessment processes in place to determine whether emergency accommodation in a restricted hotel environment can meet the specific needs of each person,” she said.

“When someone is referred to the program, we discuss any health, medical and welfare needs directly with them to gain an insight on whether a hotel setting is suitable for their quarantine or isolation period.”

Homeless and other vulnerable people who cannot get into emergency accommodation can access the COVID Isolation and Recovery facilities set up across inner Melbourne. These centres are overseen by St Vincent’s Hospital which also undertakes the intake and assessment for these facilities.

There are four isolation facilities for Victorians exposed to coronavirus and experiencing homelessness to isolate and recover, run by Anglicare Victoria, Brotherhood of St Laurence, Launch Housing, Sacred Heart Mission and VincentCare.

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NIMH » Digital Healthcare Interventions to Address the Secondary Health Effects of COVID-19 for Health Disparity and Vulnerable Populations


NAMHC Concept Clearance

Presenter:

Susan Borja, Ph.D.
Division of Translational Research
Representing Trans-NIH Social, Behavioral, Economic Health Impacts of COVID-19, Particularly in Vulnerable and Health Disparity Populations Workgroup

Goal:

The intent of this trans-NIH initiative would be to invite research to determine the role and impact of digital health interventions (e.g., mobile health (mHealth), telemedicine and telehealth, health information technology, wearable devices) to address secondary health effects of the social, behavioral, and economic changes following the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly among populations who experience health disparities and other vulnerable populations (e.g., essential medical personnel, emergency responders, and frontline workers in essential businesses or services; people who are residents of chronic care facilities, community-dwelling older adults, pregnant, children, with cognitive impairment or dementia; homeless; incarcerated or involved with the criminal justice system, experiencing substance use disorder or serious mental illness; with disabilities including visual, hearing, communication, or mobility impairment; and the uninsured).

Rationale:

The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in behavioral, social, and economic changes which impact health and are distinct from primary effects in those who contract SARS-CoV-2. Both new cases of disease as well as worsening of existing health problems are anticipated and may include mental illnesses, increased alcohol and substance use, suicidal thoughts and behaviors, sleep disturbances, chronic diseases/conditions (e.g., hypertension, diabetes, kidney disease, obesity) and related comorbidities. These adverse effects are compounded by pandemic-related disruptions in healthcare access, including access to allied health providers such as therapists and visiting nurses. Of particular concern is the NIH-designated health disparity populations and other populations with medical or social vulnerabilities.

Digital health technology offers unprecedented opportunities to help consumers, clinicians, and researchers measure, manage, and improve health and productivity. These tools have the potential to improve our understanding of health status, to track the course of illnesses and recovery, and to provide and enhance health care. Digital health interventions aim to deliver treatment as a standalone intervention or as an adjunct to face-to-face interventions via a digital health platform (including mobile phone, website, virtual reality systems, and offline computer programs). Digital health interventions offer the potential to bridge the treatment gap and provide evidence-based interventions to the many individuals who currently are unable to access treatments.

The objective of this initiative would not be to simply support pragmatic trials on digital health platforms, but rather, to encourage research beyond primary effectiveness trials to capitalize on the unique features of digital health platforms. Such research might include but would not be limited to: analyses of baseline characteristics of users to develop treatment matching algorithms; analyses of existing data to determine the optimal sequence and dose of the digital intervention; and development and testing of real-time, adaptive, customized interventions that augment the base digital intervention.



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The sacking of St George Illawarra Dragons’ Paul McGregor underlines why coaches have never been more vulnerable


The salary cap has added to the problem in that a club such as the Broncos can’t buy its way out of the embarrassment. Some coaches, such as Wests Tigers’ Michael Maguire, are forced to wear a “bad cap” in that they inherit overpaid players.

When his team lost three successive matches, there were reports Maguire was eyeing off the vacant position at the Cowboys. Fortunately, a few “footy heads” in the Ashfield boardroom saw this as a ploy by an agent manoeuvring to install his client at Wests Tigers. A trigger-happy board may have reacted otherwise.

After a tough split with the Knights, Nathan Brown is back for more at the Warriors.

After a tough split with the Knights, Nathan Brown is back for more at the Warriors.Credit:Getty

Agents didn’t exist 40 years ago. Now, a player is closer to his manager than his coach. It means, therefore, that the player often doesn’t hear the unvarnished truth. No wonder modern coaches approach some players they are dropping with the fear of someone handling a 15th Century Ming vase.

Once, when coaches asked players to take their customary places in the dressing room, wingers stood in front of the mirror. Now, half a team lines up behind them.

There is no way the fire and brimstone coaches – more tormentor than mentor – could exist today. However, coaches these past 20 years have brought some of the problems on themselves by too much player empowerment. One of the first actions of Dragons’ interim coach Dean Young should be to sack the player leadership group. With James Graham and Gareth Widdop gone, there isn’t a leader in the place. Ditto the Broncos.

An effectively policed salary cap, with coaches of approximate equal ability, means that every club should be closing the gap on everyone else. Yet rule changes designed to speed up the game, introduced after the COVID-19 shutdown, have exacerbated defensive weaknesses in 2020.

There are gaps between the top four teams, middle six and bottom six, with occasional swapping of places. The corporate types on the boards of the bottom clubs ask “why isn’t our coach a Trent Robinson or Craig Bellamy?” In the days of three grades a club, the top coach kept a close eye on those in reserve grade. Now, there is a fuzzy line between the top-30 player group and the development squad.

McGregor may have lost touch with this latter group, given his reliance on senior non-performing players but, in 2020, with abandoned State Cup competitions, the players in the lower group receive no “development”.

The online world has also added to the pressure on coaches. Whereas talkback radio was once a lightning rod for ridicule from angry fans, they now have a voice through a myriad of social media platforms. It means those who Americans call “Monday morning quarterbacks” now question NRL coaches on Thursday.

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The ubiquitous eye of TV and mobile phone cameras brings us close-ups of the coach in all his agony during games. Yet, despite fans saying “who would want to be a coach?”, some, such as new Warriors coach Nathan Brown, keep coming back.

There’s something addictive about the job. It’s matching wits against a rival. It’s watching the marginal player improve. For the bleary-eyed lifers such as Wayne Bennett, it’s also the comfort of the routine, the nourishing of the ego, the pay cheque. Ask the Skinny Coach in 10 years time about the job and he’ll echo Robert Duvall in Apocalypse Now, wistfully describing the smell of napalm in the morning.

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The fate of stimulus checks and $600 weekly unemployment extension could depend on these vulnerable Senate Republicans


A small but singularly influential group is a driving force for an agreement on a stalled coronavirus relief bill: endangered Senate GOP incumbents who need to win this fall if Republicans are going to retain control of the majority.

Confronted with a poisonous political environment, vulnerable Senate Republicans are rushing to endorse generous jobless benefits, child care grants and more than $100 billion to help schools reopen. Several of them are refusing to allow the Senate to adjourn until Washington delivers a deal to their desperate constituents.

Sen. Martha McSally, who has fallen behind in polls in Arizona, is breaking with conservatives to endorse a temporary extension of a $600 per week supplemental benefit. Republicans up for reelection such as John Cornyn of Texas and Lindsey Graham of South Carolina are demanding results before returning home to campaign. And Sen. Susan Collins is in overdrive, backing help for cash-starved states and local governments — and Maine’s shipbuilding industry.

The opinions of senators up for reelection are of more consequence to Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell than those held by conservatives like Ted Cruz, R-Texas, and Pat Toomey, R-Pa., who are broadcasting their opposition to the emerging legislation as costly and ineffective. As other Republicans gripe that they’re going to have to swallow a deal brokered by House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., the vulnerable Republicans are craving just such a bipartisan result.

“Maybe eight Republicans who are up in tough states have a bigger interest in getting this COVID-19 bill done,” said Sen. Rob Portman, R-Ohio. “I think that’s accurate.”

Republican strategists, grappling with a political environment for their party that has worsened over the summer, said it’s imperative for GOP lawmakers to be able to head back to their states and districts with a deal in hand to show voters they are taking the pandemic and the economic fallout seriously.

“GOP Senate candidates need a deal, a good deal … so they can get home and campaign on helping small businesses get up and moving again,” said Scott Reed, the chief political strategist at the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.

Republican operative Corry Bliss said it was crucial for incumbents facing tough re-election fights to “have wins” to highlight through the fall.

“This is the most important issue facing the country right now,” Bliss said. “There’s no better message for Congress to deliver heading into the election than a big bipartisan victory to help families and small businesses get through this difficult time.”

Republicans control the Senate by a 53-47 margin, meaning Democrats must gain at least three seats to capture Senate control. But Republicans are defending 25 of the 38 seats in play, and are on the defensive even in traditionally red states due to Trump’s deteriorating standings in polls.

Meanwhile, in blue and purple states like Iowa, Colorado and Maine, GOP incumbents are lining up to break with party orthodoxy on issues like child care, unemployment benefits and aid to cash-starved state and local governments.

In Colorado, Sen. Cory Gardner recently pushed for more virus relief after an appearance with Ivanka Trump at a child care facility in the Denver suburbs. “It needs to get done now,” he told reporters.

His opponent, Democrat John Hickenlooper, has been hammering Gardner over the GOP’s decision to “pause” the coronavirus negotiations for most of the summer. On Tuesday, his campaign held a virtual press conference to press for more relief. “We’ve seen Sen. Gardner stay silent while Mitch McConnell and President Trump refuse to help millions of Americans,” Hickenlooper said.

In South Carolina, Graham’s opponent has called out what he has characterized as the Republican’s flippant attitude toward real-world concerns over lost wages and unemployment. Jaime Harrison has said Graham is “leading the charge” to cut additional unemployment relief, referring to Graham’s April comment that Congress would extend the current benefits past July “over our dead bodies.”

Graham is now offering a jobless benefit proposal that is more generous than other GOP proposals.

Cornyn helped start a bandwagon of senators who are demanding the Senate stay at work in Washington until a coronavirus bill is passed. Voters expect a deal — including renewed unemployment benefits that have helped millions of people avert a descent into poverty — and returning home to campaign without one in hand could be a political disaster. With progress coming slowly in the talks, GOP leaders said the Senate will be extending its session into next week and possibly longer.

Back home, Cornyn is facing the first serious reelection challenge of his 18 years in the Senate as Trump’s sagging approval and Texas’ rapidly changing suburbs has the GOP nervous about their grip on America’s biggest red state. His opponent, Democrat M.J. Hegar, is attacking Cornyn for opposing the $600-per-week benefit as too generous in a majority of cases since it pays most people more to not work than to work. He said in June that the benefit would not be reinstated.

At a closed-door GOP lunch last month, conservative Sen. Tom Cotton, R-Ark., urged a freer-spending approach to the legislation that could help endangered colleagues keep their seats — and allow everyone else to hold onto their gavels.

It’s difficult to overstate the stakes. Republicans are in their sixth year holding the Senate, and that majority could be the only obstacle to all-Democratic control of Washington next year if Joe Biden, the presumptive Democratic nominee, defeats Trump in November.

Democrats controlling the chamber could rubber-stamp Biden’s Cabinet and judicial picks, if he wins, including likely Supreme Court vacancies. Even a narrow Democratic majority could reverse the GOP’s 2017 tax cuts — and that’s before the party considers eliminating the legislative filibuster that has been the defining characteristic of the chamber for decades.

“This is the most important thing we need to be doing,” Cornyn said Tuesday of the coronavirus response measure.

More must-read finance coverage from Fortune:



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Amy Tinkler: Length of British Gymnastics abuse investigation leaving ‘vulnerable at risk’ | UK News


Olympic gymnast Amy Tinkler has revealed that British Gymnastics could take up to one year to rule on her allegations that she was a victim of abuse, and says she believes it puts other young athletes in danger.

Tinkler, who won a bronze medal at the Rio Olympics in 2016 when she was just 16 years old, retired three years later.

She now says she walked away from the sport because of her experiences at South Durham Gymnastics Club and with part of the British Gymnastics coaching team.

Alexandra Raisman, Simone Biles and Amy Tinkler in Rio de Janeiro in 2016
Image:
Alexandra Raisman, Simone Biles and Amy Tinkler in Rio de Janeiro in 2016

“I’ve been chasing British Gymnastics for a timeline on their investigation into my complaint,” she wrote in a statement.

She added: “I can confirm the complaint I submitted in December 2019 related to my experience at South Durham Gymnastics Club and against part of the British Gymnastics coaching team.

“I understand it could still take four months or more to reach a conclusion, making it nearly 12 months from my original complaint.

“I’m unhappy at the length of time this is taking as it leaves vulnerable gymnasts at risk of abuse from known clubs and coaches.

“I beg British Gymnastics to move swifter and take proactive action about our complaints.”

Tinkler said she hoped by speaking out it would encourage those who have yet to share their story to come forward.

“Please don’t be scared,” she wrote, adding: “It’s important that you speak up and the NSPCC helpline is available for all of us.”

The children’s charity has opened a helpline to cope with the growing number of complaints against British Gymnastics.

Sky News has spoken to several gymnasts, who also attended South Durham Gymnastics club, and have complained about their alleged treatment there.

One of Tinkler’s former teammates says she was ordered to unfollow the Olympic medal winner on social media and “have nothing to do with her” after Tinkler left the gym in 2016, just months after the Rio Games.

Emily Marsden, who is now 15, said: “I remember our group being sat down and then telling us that we had to block Amy and had to remove her from everything like Instagram, Facebook, whatever social media we had and have nothing to do with her.

“They didn’t really tell us why when we asked. They wouldn’t tell us. They said ‘you don’t need to know, just block her or you’ll be in trouble.'”

“I was gobsmacked,” Emily continued. “I didn’t know what to think.

“I didn’t remove her off anything because she’s my friend. I’m not going to block her out my life just because they’ve told me to.”

TOPSHOT - A gymnast practices on the balance beam of the women's Artistic gymnastics on August 4, 2016 ahead of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro. / AFP / Thomas COEX        (Photo credit should read THOMAS COEX/AFP via Getty Images)
Image:
There have been a growing number of complaints against British Gymnastics

Sky News also spoke to Roxanne Jennison, who attended South Durham Gymnastics Club as an elite athlete and later coached there.

Jennison broke down as she claimed that she was subjected to obsessive control over her weight.

She said: “I was muscly but I wasn’t fat by any stretch of the imagination. I was constantly made to feel like I was and told I had to train in ankle weights and told that it was to make me know that next time that was how it would feel if I gained weight.”

Jennison said she was even weighed when she returned to coach at South Durham several years later.

She said: “It was an obsessive control over every area of your life. And it was the same when you went to national squad – you were weighed all the time and we often trained when we were hungry.”

Roxanne’s mum Eileen said she had feelings of guilt as a parent.

“The word I’ve used is that we were groomed as parents, almost brainwashed into believing that this is elite sport, this is elite gymnastics and if these kids wanted to win medals and be the best then that was what it took,” she said.

“I was manipulated into believing that was the only way.”

Paul Anderson, Chairman of South Durham Gymnastics Club, said in a statement: “South Durham Gymnastics takes any allegation of abuse or mistreatment very seriously and finds the allegations you’ve highlighted very concerning.

“No athlete in any sport should be subject to or endure any kind of emotional or physical abuse at any level and the perpetrators must be held accountable.

“South Durham Gymnastics categorically denies any allegations of abuse and mistreatment of any of its gymnasts.

British Gymnastics has confirmed that any allegations of bullying or emotional abuse will be investigated by their Integrity Unit.

“It would therefore not be appropriate for us to comment further on the allegations or discuss individual cases that may be under investigation by British Gymnastics.”

The NSPCC welcomed Tinkler’s decision to come forward.

Louise Exton, NSPCC Helpline Service Head, said: “Amy Tinkler is not alone in her experiences of bullying and mistreatment within gymnastics and it was incredibly brave for her to speak out as well as hugely important.

“We encourage anyone who has similar concerns, whether you’re a parent, gymnast or someone involved in the sport at all levels to contact our free and confidential helpline to voice your concerns, ask questions or seek advice.

“Every call is important.”



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Coronavirus: Pandemic brought forward deaths of some elderly and vulnerable people – ONS | UK News


The coronavirus is likely to have brought forward the deaths of some older and vulnerable people, resulting in the number of deaths now being below average, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) has said.

The elderly and those with certain underlying health problems have been hit hardest by the pandemic, which has killed 50,219 people, according to an ONS tally of deaths involving COVID-19 in England and Wales up to 26 June (and registered by 4 July).

On Tuesday, the ONS reported there were 8,979 deaths from all causes registered in England and Wales in the week ending 26 June – 314 below the five-year average.

It was the second week running where deaths have been below that average.



An NHS has apologised to an elderly patient's family



Care boss: PM should apologise for accusing care homes of not following COVID-19 procedures

The ONS said: “The disease has had a larger impact on those most vulnerable (for example, those who already suffer from a medical condition) and those at older ages.

“Some of these deaths would have likely occurred over the duration of the year but have occurred earlier because of the coronavirus.

“These deaths occurring earlier than expected could mean we start to see a period of deaths below the five-year average.”

The ONS figures also show:

  • Registered deaths involving coronavirus dropped in all but one region in England and Wales in the week ending 26 June. The exception was the North East
  • All regions except the North West, East Midlands and North East registered a number of deaths below average
  • The number of deaths involving COVID-19 was highest in the North West for the sixth consecutive week
  • The East Midlands had the highest proportion of deaths involving COVID-19 – 11.1%
  • In England and Wales, there were 606 deaths involving COVID-19 in the week up to 26 June – the lowest since the week ending 27 March

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Jane Murray, adult bereavement services co-ordinator at end of life charity Marie Curie, said: “The impact of a death like this on grieving families has been immeasurable – families are feeling levels of sadness and anger at a very different depth than is typical.”

Caroline Abrahams, charity director at Age UK, added: “These most vulnerable people have been at the biggest risk to the virus and should have been better protected on all levels.

“It would be good to think that the number of deaths will fall over the coming months but we must remain cautious and make sure that our most vulnerable are protected in case there is a resurgence of the virus late in the year.

“To do this the government needs to refinance and reform social care so that older people at home and in care homes are safe and adequately cared for.”



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Bushfire royal commission hears natural disaster planning must factor in vulnerable people


People with cognitive and physical impairments and people who do not speak English well are not always well considered in emergency and natural disaster planning, an inquiry has heard.

The Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements on Tuesday heard about the importance of factoring vulnerable groups into planning.

Inspectors-General for Emergency Management in Victoria and Queensland Tony Pearce and Alistair Dawson told the inquiry they believed they were the only two people in such roles in the country.

Mr Pearce said vulnerable and high-risk communities, which included people with cognitive and physical impairments and people who did speak English well were not always well-considered.

His organisation prepared a report last year to highlight these vulnerabilities to the emergency response sector.

“If you don’t know who the high-risk communities are … it’s very difficult to plan your response to them and with them, taking into account those potential implications,” he said.

“Grenfell is a good example of how that can happen and, of course, our environment in Victoria is no different with the type of apartment blocks and so on that we have here.

Alistair Dawson added:

“There are also other aspects to this, which is for someone who may understand the language but can’t actually read the language.

Warning level concerns raised again

Anonymous Qld firefighter standing in front of a wall of flames in unidentified bushland.
The Natural Disaster Royal Commission has again heard concerns about the emergency warning levels for bushfires.(Supplied: Qld Dept of Community Safety)

The commission also heard further concerns about the wording of emergency alert levels used during bushfires.

The commissioners had previously heard the watch and act level was particularly confusing for communities.

A review of these warnings is currently being conducted and one of the Commissioners last week raised concerns about the time that review has taken.

“What we found is that in general terms, people got the message, they did understand it, but there were times when there was confusion around — do you want me to stay or do you want me to leave,” Mr Dawson said.

“People say yes, I received a warning, but I wasn’t sure what I was going to do, or they got it in a sequence that it confused them, so they were scrolling through the messages and saying, well, I wasn’t sure which message came first.”



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