A medical worker administers medication to an intubated coronavirus disease (COVID-19) patient at a UPA (Emergency Service Unit) in Sao Carlos, Brazil April 16, 2021. REUTERS/Amanda Perobelli
April 16, 2021
By Eduardo Simões
SAO PAULO (Reuters) – Brazil asked women on Friday to delay getting pregnant until the worst of the pandemic passes, saying the virus variant that is devastating the South American country appears to affect expectant mothers more than earlier versions of the coronavirus.
The recommendation comes as Brazil continues to be one of the global epicenters of the pandemic, with more Brazilians dying of the virus each day than anywhere else in the world.
Hospitals are buckling under the strain and stocks of drugs needed for intubating severely ill patients are running perilously low, with Brazil turning to international partners for help with emergency supplies.
“If it’s possible, delay pregnancy a little until a better moment,” Health Ministry official Raphael Parente said during a news conference on Friday.
He said the recommendation was partly due to the stress on the health system but also due to the more easily transmissible Brazilian variant known as P.1.
“The clinical experience of specialists shows that this new variant acts more aggressively in pregnant women,” Parente said.
Previously, COVID-19 cases during pregnancy were focused on the final trimester and birth, whereas lately there have been more serious cases in the second and occasionally first trimester, he said.
Parente did not give any more details.
The P.1 variant, first discovered in the Amazon city of Manaus, has quickly become dominant in Brazil. It is thought to be a major factor behind a massive second wave of infections that has brought the country’s death toll to over 350,000 – the second highest in the world behind the United States.
Brazil’s outbreak is increasingly affecting younger people, with hospital data showing that in March more than half of all patients in intensive care were aged 40 or younger.
President Jair Bolsonaro has opposed lockdowns and held large events in which he often does not wear a mask. He has only recently embraced vaccines as a possible solution, but the inoculation rollout has been plagued by delays and missed targets for getting people inoculated.
This week, vaccinations were stopped in several cities due to a shortage of vaccine supply, according to local media.
The surge in COID-19 cases has also left hospitals short of sedatives needed for patients who require mechanical ventilation.
An emergency shipment of the drugs arrived in Brazil late on Thursday from China, while donations from Spain are expected to arrive next week.
Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo have both sounded the alarm over shortages, with Sao Paulo’s health secretary saying this week that the city’s ability to care for seriously ill COVID-19 patients is on the verge of collapse.
Despite the shortage of drugs and 85% of intensive care beds occupied, Sao Paulo announced on Friday it would begin reopening stores and restaurants, saying the number of new hospitalizations had fallen sufficiently to do so safely.
(Reporting by Eduardo Simoes, writing by Stephen Eisenhammer; Editing by Bill Berkrot)
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As a female percussionist, Ensemble Offspring artistic director Claire Edwards has been a trailblazer for her instrument. Picture: Supplied
This year’s Canberra International Music Festival has a distinctive theme – “…the idea of Vienna”.
Festival director Roland Peelman says the ellipsis in the title is intentional.
“The lovely thing about the three dots is that the festival is open to anyone’s idea of Vienna, but I must say that to most people, Vienna represents everything about classical music,” he says.
And while he doesn’t want to be “prescriptive”, it’s almost always the case that whenever anyone thinks of classical music, the names Haydn, Beethoven, Mozart, and Mahler surface to the top of the list.
The Tiwi Strong Women Choir. Picture: Supplied
This year’s program delivers on what Peelman calls the “core canon of classical music”. Patrons can breakfast with Beethoven and moonlight with Mozart, choosing from recitals, chamber or orchestral programs to feed their Viennese appetites.
Peelman readily admits that the program nourishes a stereotypical view. For today’s audience, and especially for women, the Viennese vantage reinforces how intrinsically and overwhelmingly classical music has been dominated by the male perspective, and how institutions continue to perpetuate this anomaly.
During the high point of the classical period in Vienna, female composers were beginning to make their mark. While composers such as Maria Theresa von Paradis and Marianna Martines have made it onto our modern-day Wikipedia pages, their contributions at the time were relegated.
Other women with obvious and competitive talent were also dismissed. In a pre-nuptial letter to his wife Alma, Mahler insisted that he should be the only composer in the family.
“The role of composer, the worker’s role, falls to me, yours is that of a loving companion and understanding partner,” he wrote.
“I’m asking a very great deal – and I can and may do so because I know what I have to give and will give in exchange.”
Christine Johnson and Sonya Lifschitz will perform Crumb’s Lyre. Picture: Supplied
Well, that was then and this is now, you might be thinking, but little has changed since Mahler’s letter to his wife. Of all the art forms, classical music remains the place where women need not apply. In 2018, according to a report from the Donne – Women in Music project, only 2.3 per cent of compositions performed in classical music in Europe were composed by women. In the United States, a survey of America’s largest orchestras found that women composers accounted for 1.8 per cent of the total works performed in the 2014-2015 season. In Australia, the figures reflect the same global statistics, with women making up 26 per cent of composers, sound artists and improvising performers.
But why? A musical score is genderless. Is it the patriarchy of the music business, the crushing influence of men, or society at large to blame for such a skewed situation? The recent events in Canberra offer us insights into how little Australia’s cultural reckoning has progressed.
But with an eye on parity and an unexpected prescience for this moment in Canberra, this year’s festival is prising open a few of its antique Viennese doors to some of the most distinguished women in Australia’s musical history, asking us to, at the very least, recalibrate our assumptions about classical music, and imploring us to ponder the question – why have women’s contributions been marginalised? And also, what might our classical music landscape look like today if composers like Alma Mahler and Maria Theresa von Paradis were given a chance?
Look deep enough into the festival’s 2021 program and you will discover an elite and diverse cohort of women who have not only forged careers through courage and determination, but who consistently clear the path for the next generation of women who follow them. Each of these women offers the universal message: that every courageous act by a woman is a transformative moment for her society. It was Madeleine Albright, the first female US Secretary of State, who once, famously, said, “There is a special place in hell for women who don’t help other women”. The women in this year’s festival don’t fit in Albright’s category.
Take for instance jazz saxophonist Sandy Evans. Her experience as “the only woman in the band” for most of her professional career has led her to instigate a scholarship expressly for female jazz artists. Running since 2005, the scholarship has given opportunities to musicians such as Canberra guitarist and singer Jess Green to take their careers to the next level.
Aria Award-winning jazz saxophonist Sandy Evans. Picture: Supplied
The Aria-award winning Evans, a long-time member of the Australian Art Orchestra who has an OAM for her services to music, will bring her deep and dedicated interest in Indian classical music to the festival. On May 6 at the Fitters Workshop, Evans will perform her composition Ahimsa: Meditations on Gandhi with a quintet made up of virtuosic western and Indian musicians. The work is bedded as a fusion of jazz, Hindustani, and Carnatic chant with contemporary electronic sounds. Based on Gandhi’s writings, Evans hopes that the Sanskrit-sung work will “provide an emotional narrative that will articulate how change can be achieved through non-combative means”. Evans believes that Gandhi’s messages have taught her how “positive acts can provide impetus for change for women’s status in society and musical practice”.
Yuwaalaraay storyteller, singer-songwriter and composer Nardi Simpson. Picture: Supplied
Yuwaalaraay storyteller, singer-songwriter and now art music composer Nardi Simpson will bring a striking and culturally powerful performances to the festival with the premiere of Possum song, Yugal Mudhaybarray at the “Hand to Earth” concert at the National Gallery of Australia on May 2. Commissioned by the festival, Possum song, Yugal Mudhaybarray revives ancient women’s cultural practice. As a storyteller from NSW’s north-west freshwater plains, Simpson has led the construction of a cloak made from New Zealand possum hides with women from her community. At the performance, audiences will witness the cloak being used as a musical instrument. Simpson says the sounds “will resonate with deep thuds”.
Nardi Simpson (far right) and the possum cloak – a work in progress.
“The world of the cloak has many dimensions of cultural practice,” she says. “It asks us to perceive the value of music in an object, but at the same time the music is secondary. The piece will translate place into a playable source. We are playing as one, connecting as one.”
Gender permeates and penetrates the intangible and tangible spaces of our everyday lives, so, as symbol of women’s solidarity, it is conceivable that Possum Song will be a powerful performance for anyone who cares to take its messages home.
Simpson has recently transitioned to the world of western art music as a current PhD candidate at the Australian National University. As a singer-songwriter for 22 years, best known as a member of the Stiff Gins, Simpson says her new passage into classical music has “invigorated her career”. In her explorations of the interface between western art music and Indigenous music, she says “indigenous music and art music can be seen as opposites, but if you allow western classical music to brush against Indigenous music you will discover how all people are connected and driven by music”. She also believes that her piece will let people be more aware that “people hold the key to sharing sound and place”.
Simpson’s musical diary is not only filled with her current PhD studies. She is also the composer-in-residence for Sydney’s Ensemble Offspring, which is led by their indefatigable artistic director and international virtuoso percussionist Claire Edwards. Ensemble Offspring will perform twice during the festival. As a female percussionist Edwards has been a trailblazer for her instrument, for women, indigenous culture and indigenous music. She has commissioned and presented more than 60 world premieres of works created specifically for her, and is currently touring Australian music conservatoriums promoting music composed by women for her specialist instrument, the marimba. Edwards says there is no more pertinent time to promote equity for women than now.
Veronique Serret and William Barton. Picture: Anthony Browell
As artistic director of the 25-year-old Ensemble Offspring, Edwards has steered seismic First Nations projects. The Ngarra-Burria: First Peoples Composers project builds bridges for First Peoples musicians to further develop their composition skills. Nardi Simpson is a composer-in-residence, and follows fellow Indigenous composer Brenda Gifford whose work Djiribawal will be performed at the festival’s opening gala.
Ensemble Offspring will also give a special performance of Do I matter by Katy Abbott, a Melbourne-based composer who is also a senior lecturer in composition at the Melbourne Conservatorium of Music. In 2015, Abbott sought the hidden thoughts of 200 women and put them to music, but says her composition is more relevant today, at a time when so many women are having an inner dialogue with themselves.
“People might have lived with ideas and thoughts for a long time, but never articulated it,” she says. Some of the thoughts received hint or speak of deep pain, others are observational in nature. Abbott says she knows nothing about the women in this composition except their age. “I’m hoping that people who contributed to the anonymous survey will listen in to the performance,” she says.
Listening in to the performances of these remarkable women will recalibrate Peelman’s idea of Vienna. And while we are still in the cradle – we still use that dreaded compound noun the “female composer” – we might as well celebrate. Until we degenderise the roles of women in classical music, there will remain a strong discrimination between the women interpreting music and the women who create it. As one of very few female cultural critics, I believe that when you start looking at alternatives, you also start creating those alternatives.
Then, you might you just start to build a more equitable society. Are the politicians listening?
The Canberra International Music Festival is on April 30 to May 9. Visit cimf.org.au for details.
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Move over Beethoven: women of note join Canberra International Music Festival line-up
“. This article was posted by My Local Pages Australia as part of our VIC events and what’s on news services.
Hawthorn forward Jonathon Patton has quit the AFL and apologised for his “completely unacceptable” behaviour towards women.
Patton was stood down by the Hawks in January when at least four women accused him of sending sexually explicit photos and videos of himself via social media.
On Friday, the number one pick at the 2011 draft announced his retirement from the AFL, effective immediately.
“I also want to take this opportunity to apologise for my inappropriate behaviour towards women,” Patton said in a statement released by Hawthorn.
“Over the past few months, I have taken time to reflect on my mistakes.
“I am committed to continuing to learn from my mistakes and actively make the necessary changes.”
Soon after being stood down by the Hawks Patton was admitted to hospital, citing mental health concerns.
The club launched an investigation, which was taken over by the AFL’s Integrity Unit.
The AFL released a statement acknowledging Patton’s retirement and his apology to women.
“The AFL Integrity Unit, which was investigating the behaviour … has informed the complainants of Patton’s decision to retire,” an AFL statement said.
Patton was taken with the first selection at the 2011 draft by GWS and played 89 games for the Sydney-based club in a stint marred by having knee reconstruction surgeries three times.
He was traded to Hawthorn at the end of the 2019 season and, still troubled by various injuries, managed only six games for the Hawks.
Hawthorn and Patton released a statement about two hours after coach Alastair Clarkson fronted a media conference where Patton’s decision was not disclosed.
“I have made the difficult decision to retire from football to focus on my health, wellbeing, and future outside of the game,” Patton said in the statement.
“The constant battle to overcome injuries since I entered the AFL 10 years ago has been relentless and, on many occasions, overwhelming.
“As such, I will not play football at any level this year.”
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Am I gaining muscle or fat? Is it fat loss or muscle loss ? These questions can leave you disappointed if the physical changes are happening and you can’t measure them at home. Maybe it’s time to find a new way to track your progress.
“Tracking precise improvements in body composition can be a challenging task to do at home, especially since at best many of the products and equations that are used to calculate these values are at best very good estimates.” says Jake Harcoff, head coach and owner of AIM Athletic (www.aimathletic.com.)
He further adds, “While they may look a little scary to some people and tend to overestimate, there are some equations which are free and can be done at home to give you at least an idea of muscle mass and body fat percentage.”
Step 1: Weigh Yourself
Step 2: Calculate your body mass index using this formula
[body weight ÷ (height in inches)²] x 703
Step 3: Calculate your body fat %
Men: (1.20 x BMI) + (0.23 x Age) – 16.2
Women: (1.20 x BMI) + (0.23 x Age) – 5.4
Nurudeen Tijani, personal trainer, physique athlete and founder of TitaniumPhysique shares his piece of advise for tracking progress.
5 Ways to Calculating Muscle Gain vs. Fat Gain/Loss At Home while on diet and training program:
Use a Body Fat-Caliper
Take a weekly measurement of your body fat using a fat caliper. The actual result of the fat caliper test is irrelevant. Instead, focus on your week-by-week results to determine whether you are gaining or losing fat. For example, if you measure 18% body fat or BF (Week #1) and 16% BF (Week #2), this indicates decreased body fat. As such, any weight gain during this time is mostly muscle gain, not fat gain.
Use a Bodyweight Scale
You can use a bodyweight scale combined with a body fat-caliper to track muscle gain vs fat loss progress. To accomplish this, you need to weigh yourself twice a week to determine your approximate weight. For example, weigh yourself Sunday night before bed and upon waking Monday morning. Then weigh yourself again, Monday night and Tuesday morning. The average of the four weight measurements should give you a reliable estimate of your actual weight.
If your week-by-week weight measurement is going up while your BF measurement decreases, you are gaining muscle weight, not fat.
Use a Tape Measure
The waist is often a problem spot, and most people tend to accumulate fat in the waist, hips or thighs. To track fat gain/loss progress, take a weekly measurement of your waistline with a tape measure.
As you continue to implement your diet and muscle training program, your waist measurement should decrease week by week.
Use a Mirror
The abdominals offer a quick and easy way to measure fat loss progress visually. You can do a quick abs check in the morning upon waking up. If your abs are becoming more visible upon waking in the morning, you are losing fat.
Take Progress Photos
A person’s age, sex and genetics can influence where fat is stored in their body. While someone may accumulate fat in their hips, waist, or thighs, another person may gain fat in their chest or arms (triceps). These “trouble spots” are the last place most people will notice fat loss.
When you take and compare progress photos, you may notice fat loss in some parts of your body but not your trouble spots; this is an encouraging sign of fat loss progress. For best results with progress photos, take weekly front, side and rear shots for comparison.
If you’re training regularly, you can trust the fact that your body is changing. Your heart is learning to work more efficiently, your circulation is getting better.
Disclaimer The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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Making coercive control a crime could have ‘unintended consequences’ for Aboriginal women unless other change happens first, a women’s violence service says.
Aboriginal women risk being disbelieved or even swept up in the criminal justice system under a proposed domestic violence law gaining national support, advocates representing Indigenous victims say.
Criminalising coercive control – controlling and intimidating behaviour in a relationship – is on the agenda across Australia, including in NSW where a parliamentary committee is looking at the proposal.
But Aboriginal women’s legal service Wirringa Baiya says a new crime could have unintended consequences, and other changes need to happen first.
Indigenous women going to police face “judgmental and stereotypical attitudes”, says Wirringa Baiya’s co-ordinator, Bundjalung woman Christine Robinson.
That means it’s hard for them to persuade officers they’ve been the victims of violence, even though Aboriginal women are the group most at risk of domestic violence.
Tracey Turner, a Bundjalung woman employed by South West Sydney Legal Centre who specialises in working with Aboriginal women affected by domestic and family violence and going through court, says many of her clients wish they’d never called police.
Wirringa Baiya is concerned Indigenous women reporting coercive control won’t be believed.
“If an Aboriginal woman is … trying to say there’s economic abuse going on, (her partner) may very well say ‘that’s just not true … in fact I’m the sensible, careful one’ and feed into those stereotypes that she’s the one that’s hopeless with money,” principal solicitor Rachael Martin says.
“It’s a common stereotype within the wider community (about) Aboriginal people.”
According to South West Sydney Legal Centre CEO Yvette Vignando: “In situations of coercive control, usually the male has the ability to manipulate people.
“There’s a much higher chance of the police being hoodwinked, for want of a better word, into believing the primary perpetrator is the woman. And when you add onto that the racial bias, there’s an even higher chance of that with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women.”
In some cases, women who seek help are wrongly identified as the primary perpetrator and are then themselves subject to an AVO or even criminal charges.
Threatening to have kids removed is also a form of coercive control partners inflict on Aboriginal women.
Non-Aboriginal partners will also keep Aboriginal women from their country or traditional practices and play down their children’s Aboriginality as a form of control, Ms Robinson says.
Another major fear is their Aboriginal partners will be imprisoned and mistreated or even die in custody.
Neither Wirringa Baiya nor South West Sydney Legal Centre opposes criminalisation of coercive control but both say other reforms have to happen first.
And they want decision-makers to spend more time listening to Aboriginal women as they design reforms.
“You need to go out into communities and speak to our elders, our aunts, our uncles, our sisters and brothers, because we are all affected by this,” Ms Turner says.
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Natural Remedies for Menstrual Pain : More than half of women who menstruate experience period pain (dysmenorrhea) for one or two days a month. If you experience period pain regularly, consider trying some natural remedies before reaching for over-the-counter medicine.
Period pain often manifests as headaches or general discomfort and is usually caused by menstrual cramps. Menstrual cramps happen when the uterus contracts to shed the uterine lining, causing pain in the stomach, lower back, groin, or upper thighs.
Let’s look at some natural remedies to help with menstrual pain.
According to many experts, you’re more likely to experience menstrual cramps during your period if you’re dehydrated, so it’s important to keep up your fluid intake. Drink plenty of fluids to ease bloating which can make symptoms worse. Eating extra fruits and vegetables around this time can also help keep you hydrated. Visit Wellness Nova for more tips on healthy living for women.
Cut Back On Caffeine and Salty Foods
Another important part of staying hydrated is cutting out things in your diet that can dehydrate you. Such things can include caffeine, alcohol, fatty and salty foods, which can cause water retention, bloating, and general discomfort. A study from 2000 showed that a low-fat vegetarian diet can help reduce period pain and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms.
Massage Your Abdomen With a Blend of Essential Oils
Massaging your abdomen with essential oils has been shown to reduce symptoms of PMS such as cramping. The most effective oils are those that are known to increase circulation, such as:
Be sure to mix the oils with a carrier oil, such as sesame (which is also good for circulation) coconut, or jojoba. Massaging your abdomen in a circular motion for just five minutes a day before and during your period can help ease discomfort and increase circulation.
Including some low- to medium-intensity exercises three times a week for eight weeks has been shown to reduce symptoms of period cramps. Consider brisk walking, taking the stairs, cycling to work, or just dancing at home to your favorite music if you struggle to find the time to hit the gym.
Stress is likely to make cramps worse. Use stress-relieving techniques such as yoga, meditation, deep breathing, or anything else that works for you to avoid and alleviate discomfort. Including such practices in your day-to-day life will also have a positive effect on your health overall by reducing inflammation and improved mental health.
Before reaching for over-the-counter medicine, consider looking for relief in alternative medicine practices, such as acupuncture or acupressure. Both techniques can help release muscle tension, help you relax, and improve circulation, which can also help with any menstrual discomfort you may be experiencing.
To Sum Up
Menstrual pain can be an uncomfortable and sometimes painful experience. Luckily there are natural remedies and lifestyle interventions that you can use to ensure that these unwelcome monthly occurrences are kept to a minimum. Staying hydrated is always recommended and will help in reducing bloating which can cause discomfort.
Exercising regularly and including stress-reducing practices in your daily routine will help keep your body’s inflammatory response down and keep pain at bay. Consider alternative medicine practices instead of over-the-counter medication for a more holistic approach to your PMS.
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Natural Remedies for Menstrual Pain
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When Werribee took to the field against the Metropolitan Sewerage Farm in 1950, a huge crowd gathered to see something few Victorians had seen before — two women’s Aussie Rules teams squaring off against each other.
More than 70 years later, Werribee captain Monica Carlton remembers the excitement in the Chirnside Park rooms that Sunday.
“You got changed and all of a sudden you realise that you’ve got to run out in front of all these people,” Mrs Carlton said.
“It was pretty nerve-wracking.”
The crowd was gathered around the oval at least three people deep.
“The noise was unbelievable, it was fantastic,” Mrs Carlton said.
The women had learnt their craft playing with their brothers in the paddocks around Werribee on weekends — and some of them were talented footballers.
“Monica was best and fairest that day,” Mrs Hassett said.
Sewage farm fields a team
Researcher Monika Schott came across these early women’s Aussie Rules matches when she was investigating the “sewage ghost town” just outside of Werribee.
The old Metropolitan Sewerage Farm is now known as the Western Treatment Plant.
“These ghost towns are essentially communities that have developed around the industry of sewage treatment,” Dr Schott told ABC Radio Melbourne.
“In the 1950s that was probably the boom time for the Metropolitan Sewerage Farm, where the population reached about 500.”
Ladies footy a great fundraiser
The first women’s match came about when the Werribee hospital needed money — Monica Carlton wanted to help.
“It turned out far better than we expected.”
They put a notice in the local Werribee Banner newspaper calling for ladies to volunteer for a footy match and were overwhelmed with applications.
Two teams were recruited and well-known local footballer Alan “Apples” Preston volunteered to coach the teams.
They started training two nights a week at Chirnside Park.
“They had pie nights after training, but they had to supply their own pie and soft drink,” Dr Schott said.
After gathering sponsors and organising a cake stall, the match raised £300 for the hospital — an impressive sum considering they only charged two shillings for entry.
“Not one single person said, ‘That’s not nice, ladies playing football’,” Mrs Hassett said.
“They were all with us and helped us along the way. It was great.”
The game proved so successful that they continued to play until 1954, raising money for the Royal Children’s Hospital.
“They were asked to play a charity game at the Geelong Football Club where Bob Davis was involved, and a game at Footscray Oval umpired by Jack ‘Chooka’ Howell.”
Marriage puts an end to footy
When Mrs Carlton and Mrs Hassett each became engaged to marry, they stopped organising and playing in the women’s charity matches.
“No-one put their hand up to take it on after us,” Mrs Hassett said.
While they might have been pioneers of the game, they did not think what they were doing was radical.
“The ladies’ football was the best thing you could think of to raise awareness,” Mrs Hassett said.
Ahead of this Saturday’s AFLW Grand Final, Mrs Hassett and Mrs Carlton are surprised how well the professional women’s game has done.
“I didn’t think AFLW would last very long,” Mrs Carlton said.
While neither of them would have volunteered to play in the rough-and-tumble game women play today, both look back fondly on their time as footballers.
“We loved it. We love football,” Mrs Hassett said.
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Domestic violence services in regional areas of Victoria severely impacted by the 2019-2020 bushfires are set to receive $700,000 in funding, as agencies warn there is often an increase in family violence after disasters.
The Victorian government said the cash injection would be used to help women with economic recovery and boost critical support for the prevention of violence.
About $500,000 will go towards preventing violence against women — including $140,000 for Gippsland Women’s Health and $75,000 for Women’s Health Goulburn North East to support local councils to deliver primary prevention initiatives using their expertise, local knowledge and existing relationships.
Wangaratta-based Women’s Health Goulburn North East chief executive officer Amanda Kelly said the money would be used to expand on work already being undertaken in the region.
She said the health service in partnership with Women’s Health in the North would build on a significant body of research which they started after the 2009 bushfires looking into the gendered impact of disasters on communities.
“One of those unfortunately is that there is an increase in domestic violence against women after a disaster like this.
“And then when we also have the impact of COVID-19 on top of this we’ve got a recipe for some really unfortunate situations.”
Ms Kelly said there are several “complex reasons” for the increase in domestic violence.
“One of the basic reasons for it is around expectations of how people manage after a bushfire, so we have situations where men are often expected to be and lauded as heroes in disasters like this,” she said.
“But what we’ve seen with the ferocity of these fires in 2009 and the most recent one’s last year is that it is bigger than anybody.
She said broadly speaking men are often at the frontline.
“They are the ones that are talked about in these sorts of environments and women sort of say, ‘oh look I’ll step aside the impact of me isn’t as big, I’ll step aside,” she said.
“What can happen is unfortunately frustration and anger turn to violence and there is no excuse, there is the choice to be violent but then there is little help when there’s difficulties and working out how to get help.”
Ms Kelly said the funding will be used to increase the work which is already being undertaken in the region.
She said they will work with local councils to help them understand the gendered nature of the impact of the fires.
“Often when we are looking at developing programs, we think about what the program is about but not how it is going to impact different people in the community, so we’ll be supporting them in that way.”
An additional $285,000 will be shared between East Gippsland Shire, Mansfield Shire, Towong Shire, Alpine Shire, and Wangaratta Rural Shire to support activities that stop family violence and violence against women before it begins.
Minister for Women and the Prevention of Family Violence Gabrielle Williams said last year’s bushfires were devastating for entire communities but for women the impacts have been even worse.
“We want to work with local councils and local health and financial service providers to improve services for women who faced the added challenge of the coronavirus pandemic while rebuilding their lives after the devastating impacts of the bushfires,” she said.
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We have all done it. We mark our calendars for that special occasion with every intention to exercise, only to find that days turn into weeks and suddenly there is barely a month till the big day. A situation like this calls for one of my 30-day “boot camp” approaches to training. With this particular training routine, I’ve created an upper- and lower-body workout to help build and tone muscles with a circuit thrown in each week to really intensify the fat burning. Add a few days of your own cardio to the mix and you’ll be turning heads at your special occasion in no time.
CLICK TO PRINT
Seated DB shoulder press Set: Sitting on a 90-degree angle bench, hold two dumbbells palms facing forward at shoulder level. Go: Push dumbbells straight up, punching toward the sky. Lower slowly to start position and repeat.
Skull-crushers Set: Lie on a flat bench with a weighted bar in your hands, arms straight and perpendicular to the ground. Go: Bend at the elbows only and slowly lower the bar toward your forehead. Push the bar back to starting position, squeezing the triceps.
Narrow-grip bench press Set: Lie on flat bench with a weighted straight bar in your hands. Place hands about 4-5 inches apart. Go: Lower the bar toward your chest, bending at the elbows and keeping your elbows as close to your body as possible. Push up in a punching motion back to starting position.
DB lateral raise Set: Seated or standing. Hold a dumbbell in each hand with palms facing you. Keep your elbows slightly bent throughout the movement. It’s important to keep your chest up and shoulders back. Go: Raise the dumbbells to shoulder height using your delt muscles. Slowly lower and repeat.
Cable chest flyes Set: Using both sides of a cable machine, set the handles at the appropriate level and adjust the weight. Grasp both handles and lean slightly forward, standing in the center of the machine. Go: Keeping elbows slightly bent, pull both handles using your chest muscles until your hands meet in the middle. Control the weight back to start position and repeat.
Rear delt cable flyes Set: Using both sides of the cable machine, set handles at the appropriate level and adjust the weight. Grasp both handles so that your hands cross over in front of you. Go: Pull the handles apart using your rear delts. Slowly return to the start and repeat.
Wide-grip lat pulldown Set: Using a wide-angles bar for the pulldown machine, grasp the bar in a wide grip. Sitting or standing. Go: Pull the bar down to your upper chest using your lats. Be sure to keep a slight arch in your back but don’t lean back.
Reverse-grip pulldown Set: Using a straight bar on the pulldown machine, sitting or standing, grasp the bar underhand grip about shoulder-width apart. Go: Pull the bar down to your upper chest using your lats. Be sure to keep a slight arch in your back but don’t lean back.
Alternating DB curls Set: Sitting or standing, hold a dumbbell in each hand. Keep your chest out and shoulders back throughout this exercise. Go: Curl your right arm up, squeezing at the bicep. Slowly lower and repeat with the left.
Bicycle crunches Set: Lie on the floor (you may want to use an exercise mat for comfort). Place your hands flat on the ground under your butt or next to your butt. Go: Raise legs and alternate them in a bicycling movement.
Basic crunches Set: Lie on the floor, knees bent and feet flat on the ground. Keep hands behind the head or crossed at the chest. Go: Crunch up raising your head/chin to the sky.
Leg extensions Set: Using a leg-extension machine, set the bar so that it rests at your ankles. Go: Keeping your toes pointed, raise the bar while squeezing your quads. Lower slowly to start position.
Single-leg BB squat on bench Set: Using a weighted straight bar and a flat bench, place the bar on your shoulders and grasp the bar firmly. Stand with one leg on the ground and the other on a bench (or step). Go: Squat down, keeping your back straight and chest up. Stick your butt back to keep balance and stop your knees from extending forward too far. Return to start position. Repeat on other leg.
Walking BB lunges Set: Using a weighted straight bar, place the bar on your shoulders and grasp bar firmly. Go: Lunge one leg forward, allowing the back leg to almost skim the floor. Be sure to take wide steps.
Narrow-stance leg press Set: Using the leg press machine, sit with your feet about 1-2 inches apart on the machine. Go: Lower the machine and press using your heels to push.
Stiff-legged deadlift Set: Using a weighted straight bar or dumbbells, hold the weight in front of you. Stand with your feet about 4-5 inches apart and your knees slightly bent. Go: Bending at the waist, keep your back straight and lower the bar toward the ground. Use your glutes to pull your body back up to start position. You should feel a good stretch in your hamstrings.
Sumo BB squat Set: Using a weighted straight bar, place it on your shoulders and grasp the bar firmly. Stand with your feet wide and toes pointing out. Go: Squat down, allowing your knees to point outward. Keep your back straight and chest out throughout the movement. Push with your heels to start position.
Seated leg curl Set: Using a seated leg curl machine, set the machine so that your legs rest on top of the bar at your ankles. Adjust the bar so that your legs are held against the seat. Go: Using your hamstrings, curl the bar down toward the ground. Repeat.
Standing calf raise Set: Using a standing calf machine or a ledge, stand on the ledge at the balls of your feet and adjust the weight for your height and strength level. If you’re standing on a ledge, try holding a dumbbell in your hand. Go: Extend your foot all the way and all the way down, slowly.
Seated calf raise Set: Using a seated calf raise machine, adjust the weight. Sit with the machine resting on your legs just above your knees. With the balls of your feet on the platform, raise the bar and unhook from the safety latch. Go: Slowly lower and extend your calves.
Wide-stance squat to DB shoulder press Set: Holding a dumbbell in each hand, rest at shoulder height facing forward. Stand with legs wide apart and toes slightly pointing out. Go: Squat down. On the ascent push the dumbbells up in a shoulder press. Lower the dumbbells and lower back in to the squat. Repeat.
DB lateral raises with alternating lunges Set: Hold a dumbbell in each hand with palms facing inward. Go: Lunge forward; at the bottom of the lunge raise the dumbbells to shoulder height; lower and lunge forward with opposite leg. Repeat.
Stiff-legged deadlift with BB row Set: Using a weighted straight bar, grasp the bar just wider than shoulder-width apart. Stand with feet about 4-5 inches apart and legs slightly bent. Go: Lower the bar from the waist toward the ground. When you reach the bottom position, pull the bar toward your abdomen. Lower the bar and use your glutes to pull you back to standing position. Repeat.
Glute bridge with DB chest press Set: Lie on floor, holding a dumbbell in each hand at the chest. Keep your feet flat on the ground and knees bent. Go: Raise your glutes toward the sky while squeezing, lower and press the dumbbells up into a chest press. Lower and repeat.
Bench dips with bench tucks Set: Using the edge of a bench, place your hands firmly on the edge. Go: Move your butt from the bench and lower toward the ground, using your triceps to push yourself back up. Sit on the edge of the bench and pull your knees in toward your chest.
BB twenty-ones Set: Standing, hold a weighted barbell about shoulder-width apart in front of you. Stand with your back straight, chest out and abs tight. Go: Curl the bar about 1/2 of the way up, then curl from the middle to the top, then curl the entire range of motion for 7 reps each.
Decline push-ups with stability ball ab tuck Set: Using a large stability ball, place your hands on the ground in push-up stance and feet on top of the ball. Go: Perform push-up, then using your abs roll the ball in toward your chest. Your body will form an upside V. Return to start position and repeat.
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The study supplies the latest evidence that Facebook has not resolved its ad discrimination problems since ProPublica first brought the issue to light in October 2016. At the time, ProPublica revealed that the platform allowed advertisers of job and housing opportunities to exclude certain audiences characterized by traits like gender and race. Such groups receive special protection under US law, making this practice illegal. It took two and half years and several legal skirmishes for Facebook to finally remove that feature.
But a few months later, the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) levied a new lawsuit, alleging that Facebook’s ad-delivery algorithms were still excluding audiences for housing ads without the advertiser specifying the exclusion. A team of independent researchers including Korolova, led by Northeastern University’s Muhammad Ali and Piotr Sapieżyński , corroborated those allegations a week later. They found, for example, that houses for sale were being shown more often to white users and houses for rent were being shown more often to minority users.
Korolova wanted to revisit the issue with her latest audit because the burden of proof for job discrimination is higher than for housing discrimination. While any skew in the display of ads based on protected characteristics is illegal in the case of housing, US employment law deems it justifiable if the skew is due to legitimate qualification differences. The new methodology controls for this factor.
“The design of the experiment is very clean,” says Sapieżyński, who was not involved in the latest study. While some could argue that car and jewelry sales associates do indeed have different qualifications, he says, the differences between delivering pizza and delivering groceries are negligible. “These gender differences cannot be explained away by gender differences in qualifications or a lack of qualifications,” he adds. “Facebook can no longer say [this is] defensible by law.”
The release of this audit comes amid heightened scrutiny of Facebook’s AI bias work. In March, MIT Technology Review published the results of a nine-month investigation into the company’s Responsible AI team, which found that the team, first formed in 2018, had neglected to work on issues like algorithmic amplification of misinformation and polarization because of its blinkered focus on AI bias. The company published a blog post shortly after, emphasizing the importance of that work and saying in particular that Facebook seeks “to better understand potential errors that may affect our ads system, as part of our ongoing and broader work to study algorithmic fairness in ads.”
“We’ve taken meaningful steps to address issues of discrimination in ads and have teams working on ads fairness today,” said Facebook spokesperson Joe Osborn in a statement. “Our system takes into account many signals to try and serve people ads they will be most interested in, but we understand the concerns raised in the report… We’re continuing to work closely with the civil rights community, regulators, and academics on these important matters.”
Despite these claims, however, Korolova says she found no noticeable change between the 2019 audit and this one in the way Facebook’s ad-delivery algorithms work. “From that perspective, it’s actually really disappointing, because we brought this to their attention two years ago,” she says. She’s also offered to work with Facebook on addressing these issues, she says. “We haven’t heard back. At least to me, they haven’t reached out.”
In previous interviews, the company said it was unable to discuss the details of how it was working to mitigate algorithmic discrimination in its ad service because of ongoing litigation. The ads team said its progress has been limited by technical challenges.
Sapieżyński, who has now conducted three audits of the platform, says this has nothing to do with the issue. “Facebook still has yet to acknowledge that there is a problem,” he says. While the team works out the technical kinks, he adds, there’s also an easy interim solution: it could turn off algorithmic ad targeting specifically for housing, employment, and lending ads without affecting the rest of its service. It’s really just an issue of political will, he says.
Christo Wilson, another researcher at Northeastern who studies algorithmic bias but didn’t participate in Korolova’s or Sapieżyński’s research, agrees: “How many times do researchers and journalists need to find these problems before we just accept that the whole ad-targeting system is bankrupt?”
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