Brazil asks women to delay pregnancy over new coronavirus variant fears

Outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Sao Carlos
A medical worker administers medication to an intubated coronavirus disease (COVID-19) patient at a UPA (Emergency Service Unit) in Sao Carlos, Brazil April 16, 2021. REUTERS/Amanda Perobelli

April 16, 2021

By Eduardo Simões

SAO PAULO (Reuters) – Brazil asked women on Friday to delay getting pregnant until the worst of the pandemic passes, saying the virus variant that is devastating the South American country appears to affect expectant mothers more than earlier versions of the coronavirus.

The recommendation comes as Brazil continues to be one of the global epicenters of the pandemic, with more Brazilians dying of the virus each day than anywhere else in the world.

Hospitals are buckling under the strain and stocks of drugs needed for intubating severely ill patients are running perilously low, with Brazil turning to international partners for help with emergency supplies.

“If it’s possible, delay pregnancy a little until a better moment,” Health Ministry official Raphael Parente said during a news conference on Friday.

He said the recommendation was partly due to the stress on the health system but also due to the more easily transmissible Brazilian variant known as P.1.

“The clinical experience of specialists shows that this new variant acts more aggressively in pregnant women,” Parente said.

Previously, COVID-19 cases during pregnancy were focused on the final trimester and birth, whereas lately there have been more serious cases in the second and occasionally first trimester, he said.

Parente did not give any more details.

The P.1 variant, first discovered in the Amazon city of Manaus, has quickly become dominant in Brazil. It is thought to be a major factor behind a massive second wave of infections that has brought the country’s death toll to over 350,000 – the second highest in the world behind the United States.

Brazil’s outbreak is increasingly affecting younger people, with hospital data showing that in March more than half of all patients in intensive care were aged 40 or younger.

President Jair Bolsonaro has opposed lockdowns and held large events in which he often does not wear a mask. He has only recently embraced vaccines as a possible solution, but the inoculation rollout has been plagued by delays and missed targets for getting people inoculated.

This week, vaccinations were stopped in several cities due to a shortage of vaccine supply, according to local media.

The surge in COID-19 cases has also left hospitals short of sedatives needed for patients who require mechanical ventilation.

An emergency shipment of the drugs arrived in Brazil late on Thursday from China, while donations from Spain are expected to arrive next week.

Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo have both sounded the alarm over shortages, with Sao Paulo’s health secretary saying this week that the city’s ability to care for seriously ill COVID-19 patients is on the verge of collapse.

Despite the shortage of drugs and 85% of intensive care beds occupied, Sao Paulo announced on Friday it would begin reopening stores and restaurants, saying the number of new hospitalizations had fallen sufficiently to do so safely.

(Reporting by Eduardo Simoes, writing by Stephen Eisenhammer; Editing by Bill Berkrot)

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Move over Beethoven: women of note join Canberra International Music Festival line-up

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Move over Beethoven: women of note join Canberra International Music Festival line-up
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Hawthorn’s Jonathon Patton retires from AFL, apologises for ‘inappropriate behaviour towards women’

Hawthorn forward Jonathon Patton has quit the AFL and apologised for his “completely unacceptable” behaviour towards women.

Patton was stood down by the Hawks in January when at least four women accused him of sending sexually explicit photos and videos of himself via social media.

On Friday, the number one pick at the 2011 draft announced his retirement from the AFL, effective immediately.

“I also want to take this opportunity to apologise for my inappropriate behaviour towards women,” Patton said in a statement released by Hawthorn.

“Over the past few months, I have taken time to reflect on my mistakes.

“I am committed to continuing to learn from my mistakes and actively make the necessary changes.”

Soon after being stood down by the Hawks Patton was admitted to hospital, citing mental health concerns.

The club launched an investigation, which was taken over by the AFL’s Integrity Unit.

The AFL released a statement acknowledging Patton’s retirement and his apology to women.

“The AFL Integrity Unit, which was investigating the behaviour … has informed the complainants of Patton’s decision to retire,” an AFL statement said.

Patton was taken with the first selection at the 2011 draft by GWS and played 89 games for the Sydney-based club in a stint marred by having knee reconstruction surgeries three times.

He was traded to Hawthorn at the end of the 2019 season and, still troubled by various injuries, managed only six games for the Hawks.

Hawthorn and Patton released a statement about two hours after coach Alastair Clarkson fronted a media conference where Patton’s decision was not disclosed.

“I have made the difficult decision to retire from football to focus on my health, wellbeing, and future outside of the game,” Patton said in the statement.

“The constant battle to overcome injuries since I entered the AFL 10 years ago has been relentless and, on many occasions, overwhelming.

“As such, I will not play football at any level this year.”


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5 At-home Trackers to Measure Muscle Gain vs. Fat Loss/Gain

Am I gaining muscle or fat? Is it fat loss or muscle loss ? These questions can leave you disappointed if the physical changes are happening and you can’t measure them at home. Maybe it’s time to find a new way to track your progress.

“Tracking precise improvements in body composition can be a challenging task to do at home, especially since at best many of the products and equations that are used to calculate these values are at best very good estimates.” says Jake Harcoff, head coach and owner of AIM Athletic (

He further adds, “While they may look a little scary to some people and tend to overestimate, there are some equations which are free and can be done at home to give you at least an idea of muscle mass and body fat percentage.”

  • Step 1: Weigh Yourself
  • Step 2: Calculate your body mass index using this formula
  • [body weight ÷ (height in inches)²] x 703 
  • Step 3: Calculate your body fat %
  • Men: (1.20 x BMI) + (0.23 x Age) – 16.2
  • Women: (1.20 x BMI) + (0.23 x Age) – 5.4 

Nurudeen Tijani, personal trainer, physique athlete and founder of TitaniumPhysique shares his piece of advise for tracking progress.

5 Ways to Calculating Muscle Gain vs. Fat Gain/Loss At Home while on diet and training program:

Use a Body Fat-Caliper

body fat calliper

Take a weekly measurement of your body fat using a fat caliper. The actual result of the fat caliper test is irrelevant. Instead, focus on your week-by-week results to determine whether you are gaining or losing fat. For example, if you measure 18% body fat or BF (Week #1) and 16% BF (Week #2), this indicates decreased body fat. As such, any weight gain during this time is mostly muscle gain, not fat gain.

Use a Bodyweight Scale

You can use a bodyweight scale combined with a body fat-caliper to track muscle gain vs fat loss progress. To accomplish this, you need to weigh yourself twice a week to determine your approximate weight. For example, weigh yourself Sunday night before bed and upon waking Monday morning. Then weigh yourself again, Monday night and Tuesday morning. The average of the four weight measurements should give you a reliable estimate of your actual weight.

If your week-by-week weight measurement is going up while your BF measurement decreases, you are gaining muscle weight, not fat.

Use a Tape Measure

fat gene

The waist is often a problem spot, and most people tend to accumulate fat in the waist, hips or thighs. To track fat gain/loss progress, take a weekly measurement of your waistline with a tape measure.

As you continue to implement your diet and muscle training program, your waist measurement should decrease week by week.

Use a Mirror

The abdominals offer a quick and easy way to measure fat loss progress visually. You can do a quick abs check in the morning upon waking up. If your abs are becoming more visible upon waking in the morning, you are losing fat.

Take Progress Photos


A person’s age, sex and genetics can influence where fat is stored in their body. While someone may accumulate fat in their hips, waist, or thighs, another person may gain fat in their chest or arms (triceps). These “trouble spots” are the last place most people will notice fat loss.

When you take and compare progress photos, you may notice fat loss in some parts of your body but not your trouble spots; this is an encouraging sign of fat loss progress. For best results with progress photos, take weekly front, side and rear shots for comparison.

If you’re training regularly, you can trust the fact that your body is changing. Your heart is learning to work more efficiently, your circulation is getting better.

The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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Advocates say criminalising coercive control could have ‘unintended consequences’ for Aboriginal women

Making coercive control a crime could have ‘unintended consequences’ for Aboriginal women unless other change happens first, a women’s violence service says.

Aboriginal women risk being disbelieved or even swept up in the criminal justice system under a proposed domestic violence law gaining national support, advocates representing Indigenous victims say.

Criminalising coercive control – controlling and intimidating behaviour in a relationship – is on the agenda across Australia, including in NSW where a parliamentary committee is looking at the proposal.

But Aboriginal women’s legal service Wirringa Baiya says a new crime could have unintended consequences, and other changes need to happen first.

Indigenous women going to police face “judgmental and stereotypical attitudes”, says Wirringa Baiya’s co-ordinator, Bundjalung woman Christine Robinson.

That means it’s hard for them to persuade officers they’ve been the victims of violence, even though Aboriginal women are the group most at risk of domestic violence.

Tracey Turner, a Bundjalung woman employed by South West Sydney Legal Centre who specialises in working with Aboriginal women affected by domestic and family violence and going through court, says many of her clients wish they’d never called police.

“They’re judged very quickly,” she says.

Wirringa Baiya is concerned Indigenous women reporting coercive control won’t be believed.

“If an Aboriginal woman is … trying to say there’s economic abuse going on, (her partner) may very well say ‘that’s just not true … in fact I’m the sensible, careful one’ and feed into those stereotypes that she’s the one that’s hopeless with money,” principal solicitor Rachael Martin says.

“It’s a common stereotype within the wider community (about) Aboriginal people.”

According to South West Sydney Legal Centre CEO Yvette Vignando: “In situations of coercive control, usually the male has the ability to manipulate people.

“There’s a much higher chance of the police being hoodwinked, for want of a better word, into believing the primary perpetrator is the woman. And when you add onto that the racial bias, there’s an even higher chance of that with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women.”

In some cases, women who seek help are wrongly identified as the primary perpetrator and are then themselves subject to an AVO or even criminal charges.

Research by ANROWS CEO Heather Nancarrow shows this is more likely to happen to Indigenous women.

Frontline workers are worried a coercive control crime could lead to more misidentification, ironically harming those the law is designed to help.

“Sometimes (police will) turn up and by then she’s overwhelmed,” Ms Turner says.

“She might come across as angry but she’s not, she’s frustrated because she’s not being heard. A lot of my defendants are (actually) victims.”

The history of the Stolen Generations and ongoing high rates of child removal from Aboriginal parents, also play into the fear of authorities.

“We’ve definitely had clients who’ve not reported many years of violence because of the fear of children being removed,” Ms Martin says.

Threatening to have kids removed is also a form of coercive control partners inflict on Aboriginal women.

Non-Aboriginal partners will also keep Aboriginal women from their country or traditional practices and play down their children’s Aboriginality as a form of control, Ms Robinson says.

Another major fear is their Aboriginal partners will be imprisoned and mistreated or even die in custody.

Neither Wirringa Baiya nor South West Sydney Legal Centre opposes criminalisation of coercive control but both say other reforms have to happen first.

And they want decision-makers to spend more time listening to Aboriginal women as they design reforms.

“You need to go out into communities and speak to our elders, our aunts, our uncles, our sisters and brothers, because we are all affected by this,” Ms Turner says.

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Natural Remedies for Menstrual Pain

Natural Remedies for Menstrual Pain

Natural Remedies for Menstrual Pain : More than half of women who menstruate experience period pain (dysmenorrhea) for one or two days a month. If you experience period pain regularly, consider trying some natural remedies before reaching for over-the-counter medicine.

Period pain often manifests as headaches or general discomfort and is usually caused by menstrual cramps. Menstrual cramps happen when the uterus contracts to shed the uterine lining, causing pain in the stomach, lower back, groin, or upper thighs.

Let’s look at some natural remedies to help with menstrual pain.

Stay Hydrated

According to many experts, you’re more likely to experience menstrual cramps during your period if you’re dehydrated, so it’s important to keep up your fluid intake. Drink plenty of fluids to ease bloating which can make symptoms worse. Eating extra fruits and vegetables around this time can also help keep you hydrated. Visit Wellness Nova for more tips on healthy living for women.

Cut Back On Caffeine and Salty Foods

Another important part of staying hydrated is cutting out things in your diet that can dehydrate you. Such things can include caffeine, alcohol, fatty and salty foods, which can cause water retention, bloating, and general discomfort. A study from 2000 showed that a low-fat vegetarian diet can help reduce period pain and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms.

Massage Your Abdomen With a Blend of Essential Oils

Massaging your abdomen with essential oils has been shown to reduce symptoms of PMS such as cramping. The most effective oils are those that are known to increase circulation, such as:

  • Clove
  • Cinnamon
  • Marjoram
  • Rose
  • Sage
  • Lavender

Be sure to mix the oils with a carrier oil, such as sesame (which is also good for circulation) coconut, or jojoba. Massaging your abdomen in a circular motion for just five minutes a day before and during your period can help ease discomfort and increase circulation.


Including some low- to medium-intensity exercises three times a week for eight weeks has been shown to reduce symptoms of period cramps. Consider brisk walking, taking the stairs, cycling to work, or just dancing at home to your favorite music if you struggle to find the time to hit the gym.

Reduce Stress

Stress is likely to make cramps worse. Use stress-relieving techniques such as yoga, meditation, deep breathing, or anything else that works for you to avoid and alleviate discomfort. Including such practices in your day-to-day life will also have a positive effect on your health overall by reducing inflammation and improved mental health.

Alternative Medicine

Before reaching for over-the-counter medicine, consider looking for relief in alternative medicine practices, such as acupuncture or acupressure. Both techniques can help release muscle tension, help you relax, and improve circulation, which can also help with any menstrual discomfort you may be experiencing.

To Sum Up

Menstrual pain can be an uncomfortable and sometimes painful experience. Luckily there are natural remedies and lifestyle interventions that you can use to ensure that these unwelcome monthly occurrences are kept to a minimum. Staying hydrated is always recommended and will help in reducing bloating which can cause discomfort.

Exercising regularly and including stress-reducing practices in your daily routine will help keep your body’s inflammatory response down and keep pain at bay. Consider alternative medicine practices instead of over-the-counter medication for a more holistic approach to your PMS.






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Natural Remedies for Menstrual Pain

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How the women of Melbourne’s Metropolitan Sewerage Farm helped pioneer ladies footy in the ’50s

When Werribee took to the field against the Metropolitan Sewerage Farm in 1950, a huge crowd gathered to see something few Victorians had seen before — two women’s Aussie Rules teams squaring off against each other. 

More than 70 years later, Werribee captain Monica Carlton remembers the excitement in the Chirnside Park rooms that Sunday.

“You got changed and all of a sudden you realise that you’ve got to run out in front of all these people,” Mrs Carlton said.

“It was pretty nerve-wracking.”

The crowd was gathered around the oval at least three people deep.

“The noise was unbelievable, it was fantastic,” Mrs Carlton said.

Two women in their 80s standing on a suburban street with a footpath on one side and paddocks on the other
Lifelong friends Monica Carlton and Margaret Hassett.(

ABC News: Matilda Marozzi


The women had learnt their craft playing with their brothers in the paddocks around Werribee on weekends — and some of them were talented footballers.

“Monica was best and fairest that day,” Mrs Hassett said.

Sewage farm fields a team

Researcher Monika Schott came across these early women’s Aussie Rules matches when she was investigating the “sewage ghost town” just outside of Werribee.

The old Metropolitan Sewerage Farm is now known as the Western Treatment Plant.

A woman in an orange jumper stands in front of a paddock. She has curly hair and black glasses.
Monika Schott was researching the sewage farm when she discovered it had a women’s footy team in the ’50s.(

ABC News: Matilda Marozzi


“These ghost towns are essentially communities that have developed around the industry of sewage treatment,” Dr Schott told ABC Radio Melbourne.

“In the 1950s that was probably the boom time for the Metropolitan Sewerage Farm, where the population reached about 500.”

Ladies footy a great fundraiser

The first women’s match came about when the Werribee hospital needed money — Monica Carlton wanted to help.

“It turned out far better than we expected.”

They put a notice in the local Werribee Banner newspaper calling for ladies to volunteer for a footy match and were overwhelmed with applications.

Two teams were recruited and well-known local footballer Alan “Apples” Preston volunteered to coach the teams.

They started training two nights a week at Chirnside Park.

“They had pie nights after training, but they had to supply their own pie and soft drink,” Dr Schott said.

A group of young women gathered around a table with a middle aged man in a football club room
The women enjoying a pie night with VFL player Charlie Sutton in the Chirnside Park clubrooms, 1950.(

Supplied: Monika Schott


After gathering sponsors and organising a cake stall, the match raised £300 for the hospital — an impressive sum considering they only charged two shillings for entry.

“Not one single person said, ‘That’s not nice, ladies playing football’,” Mrs Hassett said.

“They were all with us and helped us along the way. It was great.”

The game proved so successful that they continued to play until 1954, raising money for the Royal Children’s Hospital.

“They were asked to play a charity game at the Geelong Football Club where Bob Davis was involved, and a game at Footscray Oval umpired by Jack ‘Chooka’ Howell.”

A black and white photo of a group of young women gathered around a cast iron hospital bed with a small child in it
Some of the players visiting the Royal Children’s Hospital after donating money raised from their games.(

Supplied: Monika Schott


Marriage puts an end to footy

When Mrs Carlton and Mrs Hassett each became engaged to marry, they stopped organising and playing in the women’s charity matches.

“No-one put their hand up to take it on after us,” Mrs Hassett said.

While they might have been pioneers of the game, they did not think what they were doing was radical.

“The ladies’ football was the best thing you could think of to raise awareness,” Mrs Hassett said.

Ahead of this Saturday’s AFLW Grand Final, Mrs Hassett and Mrs Carlton are surprised how well the professional women’s game has done.

“I didn’t think AFLW would last very long,” Mrs Carlton said.

While neither of them would have volunteered to play in the rough-and-tumble game women play today, both look back fondly on their time as footballers.

“We loved it. We love football,” Mrs Hassett said.

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Women the focus of state government funding for bushfire impacted areas

Domestic violence services in regional areas of Victoria severely impacted by the 2019-2020 bushfires are set to receive $700,000 in funding, as agencies warn there is often an increase in family violence after disasters.

The Victorian government said the cash injection would be used to help women with economic recovery and boost critical support for the prevention of violence.

About $500,000 will go towards preventing violence against women — including $140,000 for Gippsland Women’s Health and $75,000 for Women’s Health Goulburn North East to support local councils to deliver primary prevention initiatives using their expertise, local knowledge and existing relationships.

Wangaratta-based Women’s Health Goulburn North East chief executive officer Amanda Kelly said the money would be used to expand on work already being undertaken in the region.

She said the health service in partnership with Women’s Health in the North would build on a significant body of research which they started after the 2009 bushfires looking into the gendered impact of disasters on communities.

 “One of those unfortunately is that there is an increase in domestic violence against women after a disaster like this.

“And then when we also have the impact of COVID-19 on top of this we’ve got a recipe for some really unfortunate situations.”

Ms Kelly said there are several “complex reasons” for the increase in domestic violence.

“One of the basic reasons for it is around expectations of how people manage after a bushfire, so we have situations where men are often expected to be and lauded as heroes in disasters like this,” she said.

“But what we’ve seen with the ferocity of these fires in 2009 and the most recent one’s last year is that it is bigger than anybody.

She said broadly speaking men are often at the frontline.

“They are the ones that are talked about in these sorts of environments and women sort of say, ‘oh look I’ll step aside the impact of me isn’t as big, I’ll step aside,” she said.

“What can happen is unfortunately frustration and anger turn to violence and there is no excuse, there is the choice to be violent but then there is little help when there’s difficulties and working out how to get help.”

Ms Kelly said the funding will be used to increase the work which is already being undertaken in the region.

She said they will work with local councils to help them understand the gendered nature of the impact of the fires.

“Often when we are looking at developing programs, we think about what the program is about but not how it is going to impact different people in the community, so we’ll be supporting them in that way.”

An additional $285,000 will be shared between East Gippsland Shire, Mansfield Shire, Towong Shire, Alpine Shire, and Wangaratta Rural Shire to support activities that stop family violence and violence against women before it begins.

Minister for Women and the Prevention of Family Violence Gabrielle Williams said last year’s bushfires were devastating for entire communities but for women the impacts have been even worse.

 “We want to work with local councils and local health and financial service providers to improve services for women who faced the added challenge of the coronavirus pandemic while rebuilding their lives after the devastating impacts of the bushfires,” she said. 

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30-Day Total Body Workout! Tone Muscle and Burn Fat

We have all done it. We mark our calendars for that special occasion with every intention to exercise, only to find that days turn into weeks and suddenly there is barely a month till the big day. A situation like this calls for one of my 30-day “boot camp” approaches to training. With this particular training routine, I’ve created an upper- and lower-body workout to help build and tone muscles with a circuit thrown in each week to really intensify the fat burning. Add a few days of your own cardio to the mix and you’ll be turning heads at your special occasion in no time.


Exercise Descriptions

Jamie Eason’s 30-Day Knockout Total Body Workout - Get a Slim Body For Your Special OccasionSeated DB shoulder press
Set: Sitting on a 90-degree angle bench, hold two dumbbells palms facing forward at shoulder level.
Go: Push dumbbells straight up, punching toward the sky. Lower slowly to start position and repeat.

Set: Lie on a flat bench with a weighted bar in your hands, arms straight and perpendicular to the ground.
Go: Bend at the elbows only and slowly lower the bar toward your forehead. Push the bar back to starting position, squeezing the triceps.

Narrow-grip bench press
Set: Lie on flat bench with a weighted straight bar in your hands. Place hands about 4-5 inches apart.
Go: Lower the bar toward your chest, bending at the elbows and keeping your elbows as close to your body as possible. Push up in a punching motion back to starting position.

Jamie Eason’s 30-Day Knockout Total Body Workout - Get a Slim Body For Your Special OccasionDB lateral raise
Set: Seated or standing. Hold a dumbbell in each hand with palms facing you. Keep your elbows slightly bent throughout the movement. It’s important to keep your chest up and shoulders back.
Go: Raise the dumbbells to shoulder height using your delt muscles. Slowly lower and repeat.

Cable chest flyes
Set: Using both sides of a cable machine, set the handles at the appropriate level and adjust the weight. Grasp both handles and lean slightly forward, standing in the center of the machine.
Go: Keeping elbows slightly bent, pull both handles using your chest muscles until your hands meet in the middle. Control the weight back to start position and repeat.

Rear delt cable flyes
Set: Using both sides of the cable machine, set handles at the appropriate level and adjust the weight. Grasp both handles so that your hands cross over in front of you.
Go: Pull the handles apart using your rear delts. Slowly return to the start and repeat.

Wide-grip lat pulldown
Set: Using a wide-angles bar for the pulldown machine, grasp the bar in a wide grip. Sitting or standing.
Go: Pull the bar down to your upper chest using your lats. Be sure to keep a slight arch in your back but don’t lean back.

Jamie Eason’s 30-Day Knockout Total Body Workout - Get a Slim Body For Your Special OccasionReverse-grip pulldown
Set: Using a straight bar on the pulldown machine, sitting or standing, grasp the bar underhand grip about shoulder-width apart.
Go: Pull the bar down to your upper chest using your lats. Be sure to keep a slight arch in your back but don’t lean back.

Alternating DB curls
Set: Sitting or standing, hold a dumbbell in each hand. Keep your chest out and shoulders back throughout this exercise.
Go: Curl your right arm up, squeezing at the bicep. Slowly lower and repeat with the left.

Bicycle crunches
Set: Lie on the floor (you may want to use an exercise mat for comfort). Place your hands flat on the ground under your butt or next to your butt.
Go: Raise legs and alternate them in a bicycling movement.

Basic crunches
Set: Lie on the floor, knees bent and feet flat on the ground. Keep hands behind the head or crossed at the chest.
Go: Crunch up raising your head/chin to the sky.

Jamie Eason’s 30-Day Knockout Total Body Workout - Get a Slim Body For Your Special OccasionLeg extensions
Set: Using a leg-extension machine, set the bar so that it rests at your ankles.
Go: Keeping your toes pointed, raise the bar while squeezing your quads. Lower slowly to start position.

Jamie Eason’s 30-Day Knockout Total Body Workout - Get a Slim Body For Your Special OccasionSingle-leg BB squat on bench
Set: Using a weighted straight bar and a flat bench, place the bar on your shoulders and grasp the bar firmly. Stand with one leg on the ground and the other on a bench (or step).
Go: Squat down, keeping your back straight and chest up. Stick your butt back to keep balance and stop your knees from extending forward too far. Return to start position. Repeat on other leg.

Walking BB lunges
Set: Using a weighted straight bar, place the bar on your shoulders and grasp bar firmly.
Go: Lunge one leg forward, allowing the back leg to almost skim the floor. Be sure to take wide steps.

Narrow-stance leg press
Set: Using the leg press machine, sit with your feet about 1-2 inches apart on the machine.
Go: Lower the machine and press using your heels to push.

Jamie Eason’s 30-Day Knockout Total Body Workout - Get a Slim Body For Your Special OccasionStiff-legged deadlift
Set: Using a weighted straight bar or dumbbells, hold the weight in front of you. Stand with your feet about 4-5 inches apart and your knees slightly bent.
Go: Bending at the waist, keep your back straight and lower the bar toward the ground. Use your glutes to pull your body back up to start position. You should feel a good stretch in your hamstrings.

Jamie Eason’s 30-Day Knockout Total Body Workout - Get a Slim Body For Your Special OccasionSumo BB squat
Set: Using a weighted straight bar, place it on your shoulders and grasp the bar firmly. Stand with your feet wide and toes pointing out.
Go: Squat down, allowing your knees to point outward. Keep your back straight and chest out throughout the movement. Push with your heels to start position.

Seated leg curl
Set: Using a seated leg curl machine, set the machine so that your legs rest on top of the bar at your ankles. Adjust the bar so that your legs are held against the seat.
Go: Using your hamstrings, curl the bar down toward the ground. Repeat.

Standing calf raise
Set: Using a standing calf machine or a ledge, stand on the ledge at the balls of your feet and adjust the weight for your height and strength level. If you’re standing on a ledge, try holding a dumbbell in your hand.
Go: Extend your foot all the way and all the way down, slowly.

Seated calf raise
Set: Using a seated calf raise machine, adjust the weight. Sit with the machine resting on your legs just above your knees. With the balls of your feet on the platform, raise the bar and unhook from the safety latch.
Go: Slowly lower and extend your calves.

Wide-stance squat to DB shoulder press
Set: Holding a dumbbell in each hand, rest at shoulder height facing forward. Stand with legs wide apart and toes slightly pointing out.
Go: Squat down. On the ascent push the dumbbells up in a shoulder press. Lower the dumbbells and lower back in to the squat. Repeat.

DB lateral raises with alternating lunges
Set: Hold a dumbbell in each hand with palms facing inward.
Go: Lunge forward; at the bottom of the lunge raise the dumbbells to shoulder height; lower and lunge forward with opposite leg. Repeat.

Stiff-legged deadlift with BB row
Set: Using a weighted straight bar, grasp the bar just wider than shoulder-width apart. Stand with feet about 4-5 inches apart and legs slightly bent.
Go: Lower the bar from the waist toward the ground. When you reach the bottom position, pull the bar toward your abdomen. Lower the bar and use your glutes to pull you back to standing position. Repeat.

Glute bridge with DB chest press
Set: Lie on floor, holding a dumbbell in each hand at the chest. Keep your feet flat on the ground and knees bent.
Go: Raise your glutes toward the sky while squeezing, lower and press the dumbbells up into a chest press. Lower and repeat.

Bench dips with bench tucks
Set: Using the edge of a bench, place your hands firmly on the edge.
Go: Move your butt from the bench and lower toward the ground, using your triceps to push yourself back up. Sit on the edge of the bench and pull your knees in toward your chest.

BB twenty-ones
Set: Standing, hold a weighted barbell about shoulder-width apart in front of you. Stand with your back straight, chest out and abs tight.
Go: Curl the bar about 1/2 of the way up, then curl from the middle to the top, then curl the entire range of motion for 7 reps each.

Decline push-ups with stability ball ab tuck
Set: Using a large stability ball, place your hands on the ground in push-up stance and feet on top of the ball.
Go: Perform push-up, then using your abs roll the ball in toward your chest. Your body will form an upside V. Return to start position and repeat.


JAMIE-EASON-INTERVIEW-2-ins6Learn all about Jamie’s Fit Pregnancy and First Months of Motherhood in these up close & personal interviews.

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Facebook’s ad algorithms are still excluding women from seeing jobs

The study supplies the latest evidence that Facebook has not resolved its ad discrimination problems since ProPublica first brought the issue to light in October 2016. At the time, ProPublica revealed that the platform allowed advertisers of job and housing opportunities to exclude certain audiences characterized by traits like gender and race. Such groups receive special protection under US law, making this practice illegal. It took two and half years and several legal skirmishes for Facebook to finally remove that feature.

But a few months later, the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) levied a new lawsuit, alleging that Facebook’s ad-delivery algorithms were still excluding audiences for housing ads without the advertiser specifying the exclusion. A team of independent researchers including Korolova, led by Northeastern University’s Muhammad Ali and Piotr Sapieżyński , corroborated those allegations a week later. They found, for example, that houses for sale were being shown more often to white users and houses for rent were being shown more often to minority users.

Korolova wanted to revisit the issue with her latest audit because the burden of proof for job discrimination is higher than for housing discrimination. While any skew in the display of ads based on protected characteristics is illegal in the case of housing, US employment law deems it justifiable if the skew is due to legitimate qualification differences. The new methodology controls for this factor.

“The design of the experiment is very clean,” says Sapieżyński, who was not involved in the latest study. While some could argue that car and jewelry sales associates do indeed have different qualifications, he says, the differences between delivering pizza and delivering groceries are negligible. “These gender differences cannot be explained away by gender differences in qualifications or a lack of qualifications,” he adds. “Facebook can no longer say [this is] defensible by law.”

The release of this audit comes amid heightened scrutiny of Facebook’s AI bias work. In March, MIT Technology Review published the results of a nine-month investigation into the company’s Responsible AI team, which found that the team, first formed in 2018, had neglected to work on issues like algorithmic amplification of misinformation and polarization because of its blinkered focus on AI bias. The company published a blog post shortly after, emphasizing the importance of that work and saying in particular that Facebook seeks “to better understand potential errors that may affect our ads system, as part of our ongoing and broader work to study algorithmic fairness in ads.”

“We’ve taken meaningful steps to address issues of discrimination in ads and have teams working on ads fairness today,” said Facebook spokesperson Joe Osborn in a statement. “Our system takes into account many signals to try and serve people ads they will be most interested in, but we understand the concerns raised in the report… We’re continuing to work closely with the civil rights community, regulators, and academics on these important matters.”

Despite these claims, however, Korolova says she found no noticeable change between the 2019 audit and this one in the way Facebook’s ad-delivery algorithms work. “From that perspective, it’s actually really disappointing, because we brought this to their attention two years ago,” she says. She’s also offered to work with Facebook on addressing these issues, she says. “We haven’t heard back. At least to me, they haven’t reached out.”

In previous interviews, the company said it was unable to discuss the details of how it was working to mitigate algorithmic discrimination in its ad service because of ongoing litigation. The ads team said its progress has been limited by technical challenges.

Sapieżyński, who has now conducted three audits of the platform, says this has nothing to do with the issue. “Facebook still has yet to acknowledge that there is a problem,” he says. While the team works out the technical kinks, he adds, there’s also an easy interim solution: it could turn off algorithmic ad targeting specifically for housing, employment, and lending ads without affecting the rest of its service. It’s really just an issue of political will, he says.

Christo Wilson, another researcher at Northeastern who studies algorithmic bias but didn’t participate in Korolova’s or Sapieżyński’s research, agrees: “How many times do researchers and journalists need to find these problems before we just accept that the whole ad-targeting system is bankrupt?”

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